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10-1 The Divisive politics of slavery. Pgs. 282-287. Differences Between North and South. Industry and Immigration in the North Railroads, industry, telegraphs, immigrants Opposed slavery Competition for jobs (slaves would get it over them) Agriculture and Slavery in the South
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10-1 The Divisive politics of slavery Pgs. 282-287
Differences Between North and South • Industry and Immigration in the North • Railroads, industry, telegraphs, immigrants • Opposed slavery • Competition for jobs (slaves would get it over them) • Agriculture and Slavery in the South • Rural (small farms and plantations) • Relied on agriculture • Used rivers to transport…not railroads • Population grew slowly compared to the North
Slavery in the Territories • Wilmot Proviso • Proposed by David Wilmot (Dem. Congressman) • Said slavery should not exist in any land acquired from Mexico. • South • Said slaves were property and therefore were protected under the Constitution. • Said that Congress had no right to limit slavery in any state. • Passed in the House but not in the Senate
Slavery in the Territories • Statehood for California • Constitution forbade slavery • Southerners upset because it fell in the slave territory according to the Missouri Compromise.
The Senate Debates • 31st Congress opened with arguments • Northerners wanted to end slavery • Southerners accused the North of not following the Fugitive Slave Act of 1793 • Threats of Southern succession. • Clays Compromise • Compromise of 1850 (pg. 286) • California – free state • More effective fugitive slave act • New Mexico and Utah allowed popular sovereignty • Right to vote for or against slavery
The Senate Debates • The Compromise is Adopted • Senate refused Clay’s compromise • Stephen A. Douglas of IL tried again. • Tried to pass each item in the compromise separately instead of together. • New President Millard Fillmore supported the Compromise and helped pass it.