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Final Exam Review – Part 1. 2 nd 9 weeks Chapter 1-4. Final Exam Review – Part 1. A species that once lived on Earth but died out is a(n) _____. A. Threatened species B. Captive population C. Extinct species D. Endangered species Answer = extinct species.

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final exam review part 1

Final Exam Review – Part 1

2nd 9 weeks

Chapter 1-4

final exam review part 11
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • A species that once lived on Earth but died out is a(n) _____.
  • A. Threatened species
  • B. Captive population
  • C. Extinct species
  • D. Endangered species
  • Answer = extinct species
final exam review part 12
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • _________ allows increased amounts of UV radiation to reach Earth’s surface.
  • A. Carbon Dioxide
  • B. Water Vapor
  • C. Acid Rain
  • D. Ozone depletion
  • Answer = ozone depletion
final exam review part 13
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • If you know an insect is a butterfly but don’t know its scientific name, it would be best to use a(n) ______ to find out.
  • A. Biology textbook
  • B. Dichotomous key
  • C. Dictionary
  • D. Encyclopedia
  • Answer = dichotomous key
final exam review part 14
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • The movement of individuals into or out of a population provides a source of ____ to a population.
  • A. Mutations
  • B. Punctuated equilibrium
  • C. Camouflage
  • D. Variation
  • Answer = variation
final exam review part 15
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • A species that is likely to become endangered in the near future is considered a(n) _______.
  • A. Endangered species
  • B. Threatened species
  • C. Captive population
  • D. Extinct species
  • Answer = threatened species
final exam review part 16
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • _____ forms when sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide combine with water vapor in the air.
  • A. Ozone
  • B. Conservation
  • C. Biodiversity
  • D. Acid rain
  • Answer = acid rain
final exam review part 17
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • A(n) ___ is a group of organisms that look alike and can reproduce among themselves.
  • A. Family
  • B. Species
  • C. Genus
  • D. Order
  • Answer = species
final exam review part 18
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • The first name of the organism’s scientific name is the _____.
  • A. Species
  • B. Order
  • C. Family
  • D. Genus
  • Answer = genus
final exam review part 19
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • In undisturbed areas, older rock layers lie ____ younger rock layers.
  • A. Above
  • B. On top of
  • C. In between
  • D. Below
  • Answer = below
final exam review part 110
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • Scientists can estimate the age of a fossil by comparing the amount of ____ with the amount of ____.
  • A. Radioactive element; nonradioactive element
  • B. Sediment; radioactive element
  • C. Sediment; fossils
  • D. Fossils; variation
  • Answer = radioactive element; nonradioactive element
final exam review part 111
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • Linnaeus’s major contribution to organism classification was ___.
  • A. Grouping by class, order and family
  • B. A six-kingdom system
  • C. Binomial nomenclature
  • D. Grouping kingdoms and phylums
  • Answer = binomial nomenclature
final exam review part 112
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • The ____ preserves biodiversity by making it illegal to harm threatened or endangered species.
  • A. Endangered Species Act
  • B. Fifth Amendment
  • C. Native Species Act
  • D. Clean Air Act
  • Answer = Endangered Species Act
final exam review part 113
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • ___ usually have less biodiversity than ____.
  • A. Sunny woods, sidewalks
  • B. Small patches of habitat, large areas
  • C. Forests, lawns
  • D. Large patches of habitat, small areas
  • Answer = Small patches of habitat, large areas
final exam review part 114
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • A species that is likely to become extinct is considered a(n) ____.
  • A. Extinct species
  • B. Threatened species
  • C. Endangered species
  • D. Captive population
  • Answer = Endangered species
final exam review part 115
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • The original organisms in an ecosystem are the ____ species.
  • A. Extinct
  • B. Introduced
  • C. Threatened
  • D. Native
  • Answer = Native
final exam review part 116
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • The theory that living things come only from other living things is called ___.
  • A. Spontaneous generation
  • B. Adaptation
  • C. Biogenesis
  • D. Homeostasis
  • Answer = biogenesis
final exam review part 117
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • Which of the following is a reason NOT to keep threatened or endangered animals in captivity?
  • A. It can be expensive to provide proper food.
  • B. It can be costly to provide adequate space.
  • C. Captive animals sometimes lose their wild behavior.
  • D. All of the above
  • Answer = all of the above
final exam review part 118
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • What is habitat restoration?
  • A. The placement of endangered species in captivity
  • B. The process of harming the environment
  • C. The creation of national parks
  • D. The process of bringing a habitat back to a healthy condition
  • Answer = the process of bringing a habitat back to a healthy condition.
final exam review part 119
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • The explanation that species evolve by keeping traits that their parents developed during their lives was proposed by ____.
  • A. Lamarck
  • B. Darwin
  • C. Laughlin
  • D. Slaughter
  • Answer = Lamarck
final exam review part 120
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • Which climate would you expect o have the highest biodiversity?
  • A. Warm, moist
  • B. Hot, dry
  • C. Cold, dry
  • D. Cold, moist
  • Answer = warm, moist
final exam review part 121
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • A ____ is a prediction that can be tested.
  • A. Scientific law
  • B. Theory
  • C. Hypothesis
  • D. Variable
  • Answer = Hypothesis
final exam review part 122
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • An organism’s ability to maintain a steady condition is called ____.
  • A. Osmosis
  • B. Respiration
  • C. Biogenesis
  • D. Homeostasis
  • Answer = Homeostasis
final exam review part 123
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • Where would you expect to find the most mammal species?
  • A. United States
  • B. North Pole
  • C. Mexico
  • D. Canada
  • Answer = Mexico
final exam review part 124
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • To solve a problem, scientists follow a series of steps called ____.
  • A. Classification
  • B. A dichotomous key
  • C. Scientific method
  • D. Systems or units
  • Answer = scientific method
final exam review part 125
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • ____ are remains of life from an earlier time.
  • A. Fossils
  • B. Sedimentary rocks
  • C. Variations
  • D. Limestones
  • Answer = fossils
final exam review part 126
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • The SI unit of mass is the ____.
  • A. Kilogram
  • B. Liter
  • C. Meter
  • D. Cubic meter
  • Answer = kilogram
final exam review part 127
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • What is a divided habitat?
  • A. An area divided by roads, cities, or farms
  • B. An area that is partly forest and partly meadow
  • C. An area that is partly river and partly land
  • D. An area where only two kinds of species live
  • Answer = an area divided by roads, cities, or farms
final exam review part 128
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • Dichotomous keys are divided into steps with ____ descriptions at each step.
  • A. Four
  • B. Two
  • C. Three
  • D. Five
  • Answer = two
final exam review part 129
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • Most fossils are found in ____.
  • A. Mollusk shells
  • B. Wood
  • C. Sedimentary rock
  • D. Bones
  • Answer = sedimentary rock
final exam review part 130
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • Change in the hereditary features of a type of organism over time is ____.
  • A. Evolution
  • B. Growth
  • C. Biogenesis
  • D. Spontaneous generation
  • Answer = evolution
final exam review part 131
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • The theory of ____ states that organisms with traits best suited to their environment are more likely to survive and reproduce.
  • A. Natural selection
  • B. Survival of the smartest
  • C. Acquired characteristics
  • D. Embryology
  • Answer = natural selection
final exam review part 132
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • A(n) ____ is an explanation of things or events based on many observations.
  • A. Hypothesis
  • B. Control
  • C. Experiment
  • D. Theory
  • Answer = theory
final exam review part 133
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • One problem with introduced species is that they can ____.
  • A. Crowd out native species
  • B. Cause ozone depletion
  • C. Cause acid rain
  • D. Crowd out captive population
  • Answer = crowd out native species
final exam review part 134
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • Most living things are made up of more than ____ percent water.
  • A. 60
  • B. 70
  • C. 80
  • D. 50
  • Answer = 50
final exam review part 135
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • The most common measure of biodiversity is the ____.
  • A. Average temperature of an area
  • B. Amount of rainfall of an area
  • C. Number or species that live in an area
  • D. Human population of an area
  • Answer = Number of species that live in an area
final exam review part 136
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • The study of the development of the embryos of organisms is ____.
  • A. Embryology
  • B. Camouflage
  • C. Homologous structures
  • D. Vestigial structures
  • E. Species
  • Answer = embryology
final exam review part 137
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • What is is called when an organism blends into its environment.
  • A. Embryology
  • B. Camouflage
  • C. Homologous structures
  • D. Vestigial structures
  • E. Species
  • Answer = camouflage
final exam review part 138
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • What are body parts that are reduced in size with no apparent function?
  • A. Embryology
  • B. Camouflage
  • C. Homologous structures
  • D. Vestigial structures
  • E. Species
  • Answer = vestigial structures
final exam review part 139
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • What are body parts that are similar in origin and structure?
  • A. Embryology
  • B. Camouflage
  • C. Homologous structures
  • D. Vestigial structures
  • E. Species
  • Answer = homologous structures
final exam review part 140
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • What is a group of organisms that share similar characteristics and can reproduce among themselves?
  • A. Embryology
  • B. Camouflage
  • C. Homologous structures
  • D. Vestigial structures
  • E. Species
  • Answer = Species
final exam review part 141
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • What is the SI unit of mass?
  • A. Measurement
  • B. Kilogram
  • C. Meter
  • D. Mass
  • E. Kelvin
  • Answer = kilogram
final exam review part 142
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • What is way to describe the world with numbers?
  • A. Measurement
  • B. Kilogram
  • C. Meter
  • D. Mass
  • E. Kelvin
  • Answer = measurement
final exam review part 143
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • What is the SI unit of length?
  • A. Measurement
  • B. Kilogram
  • C. Meter
  • D. Mass
  • E. Kelvin
  • Answer = meter
final exam review part 144
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • What measures the amount of matter in an object?
  • A. Measurement
  • B. Kilogram
  • C. Meter
  • D. Mass
  • E. Kelvin
  • Answer = mass
final exam review part 145
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • What is the SI scale used to measure temperature?
  • A. Measurement
  • B. Kilogram
  • C. Meter
  • D. Mass
  • E. Kelvin
  • Answer = Kelvin
final exam review part 146
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • What term describes evolution as a slow change of one species to another?
  • A. Radiometric dating
  • B. Natural selection
  • C. Gradualism
  • D. Punctuated equilibrium
  • E. Relative dating
  • Answer = gradualism
final exam review part 147
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • What is a rapid evolution with few intermediate forms?
  • A. Radiometric dating
  • B. Natural selection
  • C. Gradualism
  • D. Punctuated equilibrium
  • E. Relative dating
  • Answer = punctuated equilibrium
final exam review part 148
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • What is another term for survival of the fittest?
  • A. Radiometric dating
  • B. Natural selection
  • C. Gradualism
  • D. Punctuated equilibrium
  • E. Relative dating
  • Answer = natural selection
final exam review part 149
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • What is it called when you are telling age by the amount of change in a radioactive element?
  • A. Radiometric dating
  • B. Natural selection
  • C. Gradualism
  • D. Punctuated equilibrium
  • E. Relative dating
  • Answer = radiometric dating
final exam review part 150
Final Exam Review – Part 1
  • What is it called when you estimate the age of fossils using sedimentary rocks?
  • A. Radiometric dating
  • B. Natural selection
  • C. Gradualism
  • D. Punctuated equilibrium
  • E. Relative dating
  • Answer = relative dating