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  1. 2012 Global II Final Exam Study Guide

  2. Imperialism

  3. Which argument was used to support the U.S. acquisition of overseas possessions in the late 1800’s? • New markets for industrial products • Raw Materials

  4. What is one important conclusion that can be drawn about the media as a result of the U.S. experience in the Spanish American War? • The media has a powerful influence in the shaping of public opinion

  5. The main reason the U.S. developed the Open Door Policy… • To ensure access to trade w/ China

  6. Involvement in the Spanish American War, the acquisitions of Hawaii, and introduction of the Open Door Policy in China were actions taken by the U.S. Gov’t to… • To obtain new sources of raw materials & markets for industrial goods

  7. What U.S. foregin policy was directly related to the rise of big business in the late 1800’s? • Imperialism

  8. What connection was made between imperialism & the American frontier? • Imperialism would offer the U.S. a new frontier to pursue

  9. William Randolph Hearst said, “You furnish the pictures, I’ll furnish the war.” What is this practice known as? • Yellow journalism

  10. Alfred T. Mahan argued to protect its overseas trade interests & newly acquired territories the U.S. must build up its.. • Navy

  11. Why did American business leaders favor expansion? • It offered new markets and valuable resources • It solved the economic problem of overproduction

  12. What was John Hay referring to when he spoke of a “Splendid Little War”? • The Spanish-American War • It was short • Not many casualties

  13. The first action of the Spanish American War took place in…. • Puerto Rico

  14. What did the U.S. gain as a result of the peace treaty with Spain? • Philippines, Guam, Puerto Rico

  15. Which U.S. policy is most closely associated with the annexation of Hawaii and the Philippines? • Imperialism

  16. The U.S. became an imperialist nation with interest in the Caribbean, Central American, the far East, and the South Pacific following what war? • Spanish American War

  17. Who did many Americans blame the explosion of the U.S.S. Maine on? • Spain (Spaniards)

  18. What best characterizes how countries like Cuba felt about being controlled by a foreign power like Spain? • Countries that are controlled by a foreign power typically resist or rebel b/c they want to control their own affairs

  19. What was the leading cause of death in the Spanish-American War? • Jungle disease…especially yellow fever

  20. How did Chinese nationalists react to the spheres of influence that were carving up China? • Staged the Boxer Rebellion • Foreigners • Chinese Christians

  21. What allowed the U.S. to continue its intervention in Cuba after it had gained independence from Spain? • Platt Amendment

  22. Why did the U.S. not grant independence to the Philippines after the Spanish had been defeated? • President McKinley believed the Filipinos were unfit to govern themselves

  23. Anti-imperialists in the U.S. objected to… • The costs of expansion

  24. To support their position, anti-imperialists argued… • Imperialism rejected the American ideal of “Liberty for all”

  25. What does the phrase, “the Constitution must follow the flag” mean? • Constitutional rights given to US citizens should be given to people in any place the U.S. governs

  26. What did the cruise of the Great White Fleet demonstrate to the rest of the world? • The U.S. had a newer and stronger navy…and were a force to be dealt with

  27. What arguments did American imperialists use to show it would be a positive thing for the country? • Provide industry w/ new markets & materials • Provide naval bases • Spreading the blessings of Western culture to “backwards people”

  28. The De Lome letter had what effect on U.S.- Spanish relations? • It made them much worse!

  29. What was an immediate result of Matthew Perry’s visit to Japan in 1853? • The opening of trade b/t Japan and the West

  30. How were the results of the Opium Wars & Matthew Perry’s visit to Japan similar? • They both opened Asian trade to Western countries

  31. What did “open door policy” mean? • All nations were equally free to trade in China

  32. What was the goal of the Boxers in China? • Drive out, kill if necessary, all foreigners in China

  33. The slogan of the ______ was “destroy the foreigner!” • Boxers • Society of Righteous & Harmonious Fists

  34. Why were Western powers interested in China in the 19th century? • Rich in natural resources, but more importantly MILLIONS of new consumers! • Oil • Mineral resources – tin, coal, other metals

  35. An increased need for raw materials and new markets for manufactured goods led various European nations to pursue the foreign policy of… • Imperialism

  36. In the past, European nations have conquered other lands, made them into colonies, and controlled their economies. This statement describes a situation resulting from • The industrialization of European nation & the need for raw materials to fuel that industry

  37. During the 18th & 19th centuries, increased contact b/t Europeans and the continents of Asia and Africa resulted in… • Exploitation of the land and people for its resources & their labor/role as a consumer

  38. What connection can be made b/t industrial expansion & European imperialism? • Industrialization led to an increase in imperialist activity b/c those countried needed raw materials for production.

  39. What were the only free states remaining in Africa by 1914? • Liberia & Ethiopia

  40. The type of government where local rulers were allowed to maintain their positions of authority and status in a new colonial setting is called? • Indirect rule

  41. What did the Berlin Conference establish? • European imperial powers carved up Africa amongst themselves to avoid war • NO Africans were present!

  42. If a colony was run by_______, local elites were removed from power and replaced with a new set of officials from the mother country. • Direct rule

  43. What was the “gap” between theory and practice in colonial policy? • Westerners preached democracy, equality, and political freedom but did not apply these values in the colonies under their control

  44. All of the following powers had colonies in West Africa by 1900: • Great Britain • France • Germany

  45. After the opening of the Suez Canal in Egypt in 1869, Great Britain… • Took an active interest in Egypt • Saw the Canal as their “lifeline to India”

  46. After its defeat in Ethiopia in 1896, Italy… • Seized Tripoli

  47. What is an example of the U.S. enforcing the Monroe Doctrine? • U.S. acted as arbitrator in a border dispute between British Guiana and Venezuela

  48. What was the only independent nation remaining in SE Asia during the age of imperialism? • Thailand

  49. Why was the Open Door Policy important to the United States? • It gave the U.S. access to millions of consumers in China

  50. Moving West & Populism