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CHAPTER 5 Label the Fluid Mosaic Model
ANSWERS Carbohydrate chain glycoprotein phosphate lipid
Matching • Which are active and which are passive transport? • Diffusion • Exocytosis • Phagocytosis • Osmosis • Facilitated • Ion pump
Matching • Which are active and which are passive transport? • Diffusion P • Exocytosis A • Phagocytosis A • Osmosis P • Facilitated P • Ion pump A
ANSWER • Remember water moves from hypotonic to hypertonic.
How is the movement of water of osmosis different in plants and animal cells?
Label the diagram: • energy from exergonic reactions Energy from endergonic reactions ATP ADP + P
Which are true of enzymes? • Proteins • Reusable • Very general • Specific • Carbohydrates • Speed up a reaction • Raise activation energy • Lower activation energy
Which are true of enzymes? • Proteins • Reusable • Specific • Speed up a reaction • Lower activation energy
CHAPTER 6 • Where do these processes occur? • Krebs cycle • matrix • Citric acid cycle • matrix • Fermentation • cytoplasm • Glycolysis • cytoplasm
What is the role of oxygen in cellular respiration? ANSWER:Final electron acceptor
Respiratory System • Label: • Pharynx • Larynx • Alveoli • Diaphragm • Lungs • Bronchi • bronchioles
What is the role of oxygen in cellular respiration? Make water Make glucose Final electron acceptor Excite electrons ANSWER: final electron acceptor
How much ATP does each process make when one glucose is broken down? • Glycolysis • Krebs cycle • ETC and chemiosmosis • ANSWER: 2, 2, 34
Which goes with lactic acid fermentation and which goes with alcoholic fermentation? • Produces CO2 • Produces product in animal muscles • Produces ethanol • Produced by yeast
Which goes with lactic acid fermentation and which goes with alcoholic fermentation? • Produces CO2 Alcoholic • Produces product in animal muscles Lac • Produces ethanol Alcoholic • Produced by yeast Alcoholic
What products are made at the end of glycolysis of glucose? • FADH2 • ATP • NADH • NADPH • ADP • Pyuruvate • OAA
For each molecule of glucose broken down, how many are formed in Krebs cycle? ATP 2 NADH 6 FADH2 2 CO2 4
What process regenerates NAD+ so glycolysis can continue? • Fermentation
In what organelle do these take place? • Cellular respiration • Mitochondrion • Photosynthesis • chloroplast
FIND: ETC, H+ ions collection, reduction of NADH2, chemiosmosis, water forming
CHAPTER 7 • Convert 400 calories to kilocalories • And to Calories: • ANSWER: • 0.4 kilocalories of 0.4 kilocalories
How do the equations of photosynthesis and cellular respiration compare?
What is produced at the end of PSI and PSII? • Water • Oxygen • NADPH • NADH • ADP • ATP • Glucose
What is produced at the end of PSI and PSII? • Oxygen • NADPH • And ATP at the end of chemiosmosis
Which enzyme allows for the carbon fixation of CO2 in the Calvin Cycle? • Helicase • Calvinase • Carbase • Rubisco • ANSWER: rubisco
In the LDR where do the H+ ions accumulate? • Matrix • Stroma • Thylakoid interior • Inner membrane space • ANSWER: thylakoid interior (lumen)
The changing of unusable carbon into usable carbon is known as: • Glycolysis • Fixation • Respiration • Carbonation • ANSWER: fixation
What is the ATP synthase used for? • H+ ions pass through this enzyme complex to turn and cause P to join ADP to make ATP. • Where is an ATP synthase found? • In membrane of thylakoid disk and also the inner membrane of the mitochondrion.