Egypt No more Pharaohs, but its still not fair, Oh? By: Everett Zettersten 7th Period AP US History
Where is Egypt? • Egypt is located in Northern Africa • It Borders the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Libya to the west, the Gaza Strip and Red Sea to the east, and Sudan to the south. • The Main capital is Cairo, which is near Northern border of Egypt along the Nile Egypt’s population is 82,079,636/32% of the population is 0-14 years old/62% of the population is 15-64 years old/ 5% of the population is 65+
What is the Revolution in Egypt? • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ThvBJMzmSZI • This is a quick 2 minute video showing the Horror, Distress, and Patriotism the citizens of Egypt have. Just like Americans when we fought for our freedom from the British's unjust rein. “Those who make peaceful revolution impossible, make violent revolution inevitable.” - John F. Kennedy Egypt’s population is 82,079,636 32% of the population is 0-14 years old 62% of the population is 15-64 years old 5% of the population is 65 years old or older
Egypt’s population is 82,079,636 32% of the population is 0-14 years old 62% of the population is 15-64 years old 5% of the population is 65 years old or older Fight for your right
What were they fighting for? • Objections of Egyptian protesters were focused on legal and political issues including police brutality, state of emergency laws,absence of free elections and freedom of speech, uncontrollable corruption, and economic issues including high unemployment, food price inflation, and low minimum wages. • The primary demands from protest organizers were the end of the Hosni Mubarakregime and the end of emergency law, freedom, justice, a responsive government, and a say in the management of Egypt’s assets.
The emergency law • The emergency law was enacted after the Six-Day War 1967. • Under the law, police powers are extended, constitutional rights suspended, censorship is legalized, and the government may imprison individuals indefinitely and without reason. It limits most non-government political activity. • Mubarak would extend the act by saying there are terrorist groups to be worried about. This has led to the imprisonment of people without trials. • Under the current emergency law, the government can censor anything if it is considered a threat to “public safety and national security”.
The emergency law, and more of its effects • Even though the Egyptian constitution provides for the universal freedom of speech the government has frequently sanctioned home raids, torture, arrests, and fining of bloggers and reporters that criticize the government in any way. • A parliamentary election in December 2010 was preceded by a media crackdown, arrests, candidate bans and allegations of fraud involving the almost arbitrary victory by the ruling party in parliament. • If any reporter or blogger violates this law by criticizing the government, they could be legally penalized with a fine of 20,000 pounds which is like $3,650 and could also receive up to five years in prison. • The Egyptian government owns stock in the three largest daily newspapers. The government controls the licensing and distribution of all papers in Egypt. • The Egyptian government shut down the Internet to most of Egypt during the recent protests in order to limit communication between protest groups.
Results of the revolution • The military, headed by head of state Mohamed Tantawi, announced on February 13th that the constitution would be suspended, both houses of parliament disbanded, and that the military would rule for six months until elections could be held. • The people gained a lot of there rights back, but are still left on edge about stability. • Although Mubarak resigned, the protests have continued amongst apprehensions about how long the military rule will last in Egypt while some are afraid that the military will rule the country indefinitely.
Egyptian Revolution and American Revolution: Similarities • The Revolutions are alike in that the people are protesting a power, a leader. In the American Revolution the slaves rebeledfor freedom. During the Egyptian Revolution the rebellion is for freedom as wellbut freedom from President Mubarak. And in both situations the fulfillment is not easily arranged, regardless of the endless amounts of protests and riots that were and still are being apprehended. Slaves ultimately gained independence but it took many years, for the Egyptian citizens to gain freedom from Mubarak was not in any means a swift revolution. Also, both Americans and the Egyptians sought for political transformation, there objectives were not to renovate the worlds direction like the rebels of the Bolsheviks and the French.
Egyptian Revolution and American Revolution: differences • People in Egypt lived under a cruel military dictatorship enabled by the Mubarak regime. Whom almost shattered an entire Middle class, while the Mubarak family was collecting assets from real estate and external banks. The American Revolutions were much more unrestricted and well-off with their revolutionaries. The Opposition in Egypt broke out because of the tyranny. Furthermore, the variances in numbers of people rebelling raises the stakes for Egypt. When the American colonist rebelled against the British there were about three million people living in the settlements. When the Egyptians dissented there were near eighty three million persons. In addition, the American Revolution was primarily Americans fighting, with almost zero foreign influence. While the Egyptian revolution incorporated people from many foreign country’s. It was also a lot easier communication the protestors of Egypt had available, even with their freedom of speech restrictions.
Conclusion • During the American Revolution the patriotic feel of America was multiplied after the revolution. Afterwards, there was help in adept to governing, constitution writing and state-building. Egypt should now hopefully be a “new” country. I think it will move on to rebuilding of its constitution, and implement an effective way of keeping those inaliable rights everyone deserves.
Bibliography Student Sources: • http://www.tucsonsentinel.com/local/report/021211_egypt_tucson/middle-east-revolutions-reverberate-close-home/ • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ThvBJMzmSZI • http://english.aljazeera.net/indepth/opinion/2011/03/201137124724236938.html • http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/01/30/egypt-revolution-2011_n_816026.html Teacher Source: • http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,2046038,00.html