The Middle Ages 1066-1485 By: Hastings Motte
William the Conqueror and the Norman Influence • William was the illegitimate son of the one before the duke of Normandy, who was a cousin of the English king • William said that Edward promised the English throne to William and sailed across the English body of water between England and Great Britain with an enormous army.
The Normans Change England • The Normans brought significant changes to England, land was restructured among William’s followers, a new language was announced to the Anglo-Saxons and a new social system “feudalism” was introduced.
Feudalism: From the Top Down • Feudalism was a kind system, a property system and a military system • Kings held land as a “divine right” which is the power to rule by god. • Knight: An armored warrior – provided as military service from their lord to a higher lord
Knights in shining armor • Boys were trained from an early age to become warriors. • Not every boy could become a knight, his parents had to be rich enough to buy him a horse, armor, and weapons
Women in medieval society : No voice, No choice • Since they were not soldiers, women had no political rights. • Women were always subservient to a man, her husband, father, or brother. • Peasant women experienced a never ending life of child actions, housework and hard field work.
The Great Happenings • Bloodbath over the Holy Land. • The Crusades were a sequences of holy wars paid by European Christians against Muslims • They were terrible journeys in which even children were swept up into
The Martyrdom of Thomas a Becket: Murder in the Cathedral • The pope was the head of the church and considered God’s representative • At this time all Christians belonged to the Catholic church • the normal man didn't speak Latin, many of them would be cut off from some parts of their religion.
The Magna Carta: Power to Some of the People • “Great Charter” signed by King John in 1215 • The Magna Carta became the basis of English law, rights like trial by jury and legislative taxation were established
The Hundred Years’ War: The Arrow is Mightier Than the Armor • The military was weak based on weak rights to the throne of France by two English Kings • English were no longer best represented by the knight in shining army, but by the yeoman
The Black Death • Reduced the nation’s population by a third causing a labor shortage and giving the lower classes more bargaining power against their overlords