Chapter 18: The Eastern Mediterranean. 7 th Grade Social Studies. CHAPTER 18. The Eastern Mediterranean. Section 1: Physical Geography Section 2: Turkey Section 3: Israel and the Occupied Territories Section 4: Syria, Lebanon, and Jordan. Bosporus Sea of Marmara Jordan River
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7th Grade Social Studies
The Eastern Mediterranean
Section 1:Physical Geography
Section 3:Israel and the Occupied Territories
Section 4:Syria, Lebanon, and Jordan
Balkan Peninsula, Dardanelles, Bosporus, Sea of Marmara, Euphrates River, Jordan River, Dead Sea, Syrian Desert, Negev
Mediterranean, desert, humid subtropical
limited farmland and pastureland, sulfur, mercury, phosphates, asphalt
EVENTS AND ERAS IN TURKISH HISTORY
Kemal Atatürk gains power and establishes modern Turkey
Alexander the Great conquers the area
Seljuk Turks invade
Ottoman Turks invade and establish an empire
82 percent Jewish; Palestinian Muslims and Christians
Creation of Israel
formed in 1948
high-tech equipment, cut diamonds, tourism
prime minister and parliament, or Knesset
Hebrew, Arabic, English, Russian, German, Hungarian, Yiddish
Foods and Festivals
foods influenced by Jewish religious laws; Yom Kippur and Passover important holidays
Israel and the Occupied Territories
Syria, Lebanon, and Jordan
foreign influence in creation of country
Great Britain drew borders after WWI
Abdullah named as monarch
British ally named to rule country
full independence gained in 1940s
independence from foreign rule
annexed Arab lands of the West Bank
war with Israel
war of 1948
wars between Arab nations and Israel
Palestinian refugees immigrate to Jordan
considered one of the best rulers of region
King Hussein rules from 1952 to 1999
rule of Hussein
1. People and customs from what three continents have influenced the eastern Mediterranean region?
2. What three major religions have holy sites in Jerusalem?
3. How has westernization changed Turkey’s government, economy, and culture?
4. What is the conflict over the Occupied Territories?
5. How do people in this area make their living from the land?