Chapter 3 The Mediterranean and the Middle East. 2000-500 B.C.E. Cosmopolitan Middle East 1700-1100 B.C.E. (Western Asia). Southern Portion: Kassites ruled Babylonia. They did not pursue territorial conquest. Assyrians. Assyrian origin in the Northern Tigris Area. Assyrians.
A native Egyptian dynasty overthrew the Hyksos to begin the New Kingdom period.
This period was characterized by aggressive expansion into Syria-Palestine and into Nubia
A Minoan pithos, ca. 1700 B.C. The Minoans used these pithoi (large earthenware jars) to store wine, olive oil, and grain. This highly decorated pithos from the palace at Mallia testifies to the sophistication of Minoan art and, by inference, the Minoan civilization.
Ruins of the Minoan palace at Phaistos, Crete, ca. 1800 to 1600 B.C. Phaistos was another of the major palace-states of the Minoan civilization on the island of Crete. At top right is the Upper Court of the Old Palace. A broad processional stairway leads up to the West Court of the Old Palace.
The site of the city of Mycenae, Greece. Situated on a small hill flanked by two precipitous mountains, Mycenae dominated the countryside and was a major center of Aegean commerce. The Mycenaean civilization developed and expanded throughout the Greek peninsula during the Bronze Age, and by 1650 B.C. was beginning to expand beyond it. But while the Minoans had become a commercial power, Mycenae became a military power. By the mid-15th century, Mycenae had conquered much of Crete and had seized Knossos. Mycenae flourished with the collapse of Minoan commerce.