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Agricultural Revolution

Agricultural Revolution

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Agricultural Revolution

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  1. Agricultural Revolution SWBAT: Analyze why life changed as industry spread Summarize how an agricultural revolution led to the growth of industry Outline the new technologies that helped trigger the Industrial Revolution

  2. Do Now 2/4/13 • How are these two phones different? What are the improvements? What are some pros and cons of these improvements? Zach Morris vs Steve Jobs

  3. A Turning Point in History • 1750s: people worked the land, using simple hand tools • Lived in simple cottages lit by candles & firelight • Made their own clothes and grew their own food

  4. Agricultural Revolution • Industrial Rev was made possible by the change in new agricultural revolution • Second revolution  the first was when people learned to farmand domesticateanimals • The Dutch led the way in agricultural revolution • Combined smaller fields into larger ones to make better use of the land and used fertilizer from livestock to renew the soil

  5. Four Field System: Townshend UK France

  6. New Inventions • 1700s British expanded on the Dutch • Mixed soils & crop rotation • JethroTull– Seed Drill (1701) • Deposited seeds in rows rather than scattering them over the land. • Less waste – more accurate way to plant crops

  7. New Inventions • Lord Charles Townshend – “Turnip Townshend” • Pushed the crop turnips – restored exhausted soil (1730) • Robert Bakewell– bred stronger horses for farm work and fatter sheep and cattle for meat • Educated farmers exchanged news of experiments through farm journals

  8. Enclosure Enclosure: taking over and fencing off land formerly shared by peasant farmers Gained pastures for sheep – increased wool production Millions of farms were enclosed increased output and migration Profits rose from farms from the large fields Needed less people to work them – unemployment Human cost  laborers were thrown out of work

  9. Effects of Enclosure Small farmers were forced off their land because they could not compete with large landowners Villages shrank as people left in search of work Jobless farmers migrated to towns and cities Found a growing labor force that would tend the machines in the Industrial Revolution

  10. Trickle Down Effect • Population Multiplies • 5 million (1700) to 9 million (1800) • Decreased risk of death because created surplus of food • People ate better so they were healthier • Added hygiene and sanitation & improved medical care Healthier = more food + sanitation & medicine

  11. Homework 2/1/13 Pg. 510-515 “Britain Leads the Way” #1-5 ALL Due: Wednesday Feb. 6 ~ **QUIZ – Wednesday February 6, 2013** 1. Trickle Down Effect 2. 8 Reasons Britain Leads the Way

  12. EXIT TICKET 2/1/13 • What were the effects of the Agricultural Revolution? • On farming? • On people/society?

  13. Effects of Agricultural Revolution • Crop yield increased • Food available for people in the cities • Falling food prices = more $$ to spend on consumer goods • Healthier population  decline in death rate • 5 million to 9 million • Wool yield increased  better care of animals & selective breeding • More wool available for the textile industry and at less cost • workforce available • Peasants were turned off their land by enclosures • Families moved into the cities  unemployment • Labour was cheap

  14. Exit Ticket • What are the pros and cons of the Agricultural Revolution? • What are some of the changes that are being made? • Industrial Rev