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The Agricultural Revolution. 1700- 1800 HWH UNIT 6 CHAPTER 7.1. Open-Field Farming. Innovations in Farming. Led by the Dutch, adopted by the British The Enclosure System The open-field system was inefficient Couldn ’ t keep up with exploding population

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the agricultural revolution

The Agricultural Revolution

1700-1800

HWH UNIT 6

CHAPTER 7.1

innovations in farming
Innovations in Farming
  • Led by the Dutch, adopted by the British
  • The Enclosure System
    • The open-field system was inefficient
      • Couldn’t keep up with exploding population
    • Large land-owners took control of common village land
      • More rational use of land and technique
crop rotation
Crop Rotation
  • Charles “Turnip” Townsend (1674-1738)
    • No more fallow field
    • Legumes replenish the soil
    • Provided more food for animals in winter
      • Year-round supply of meat!
impact on food supply
Impact on Food Supply

Average weight of livestock:

17101795

Oxen 370 lbs. 800lbs.

Calves 50 lbs. 150 lbs.

Sheep 38 lbs. 80 lbs.

impact on the labor force
Impact on the Labor Force
  • Enclosure system
    • Put small farms out of business
    • Exposed farmers to market competition
    • Power to landed aristocracy
  • Population explosion
    • Surplus of workers