The Agricultural Revolution 1750-1900 María Sanz
The Agricultural Revolution During the early 1700's, a great change in farming called the Agricultural Revolution began in Great Britain. The revolution resulted from a series of discoveries and inventions that made farming much more productive than ever before. By the mid-1800's, the Agricultural Revolution had spread throughout much of Europe and North America. One of the revolution's chief effects was the rapid growth of towns and cities in Europe and the United States during the 1800's. Because fewer people were needed to produce food, farm families by the thousands moved to the towns and cities.
THE AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION • Agriculture means.. • Farming. • Revolution can mean… • Change, fast or slow • Over hundred and fifty years • It was a slow process
OPEN FIELD SYSTEM • All villagers worked together • All the land was shared out • Everyone helped each other • Everyone had land to grow food • For centuries enough food had been grown ADVANTAGES
OPEN FIELD SYSTEM • Strips in different fields • Fallow land • Waste of time • Waste of land • Common land DISADVANTAGES
Why did the Open field system change? What was Happening to population?
What came next? • How are the fields different? • Can more food be grown? Why? • What’s missing? • Who wanted change? • Who did not want change?
THE AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION 1750-1900 Key words Key words Agriculture Open field Revolution Fallow Yield Enclosure Rotation Strips Output Common land
Agriculture mean…………………. Revolution means……………………. The changes in farming were fast/slow taking place over along/shortperiod of time. What was farming like in 1750? The open field system was called this because there were no f_______ or h_________ around them. Each year a field had to left F_________ this meant that n_____________ Was grown in the field. This was to let the field rest and regain its goodness or fertility. They had to do this because they did no have fertilisers. The common land was for grazing a___________ everyone including the poor could use it.
INVENTIONS AND INNOVATIONS Weston Norfolk rotation Clover and Turnips Townshend
INVENTIONS AND INNOVATIONS Tull seed Drill Bakewell Leicestershire sheep