1 / 27

Neolithic Revolution (Agricultural Revolution)

Neolithic Revolution (Agricultural Revolution). Basic Ideas From the Neolithic Revolution. Geographic factors allowed for advances in agriculture that lead to stable food supplies, rising populations, and the development of society. Create a Chart Comparing Life Before and After Agriculture.

Download Presentation

Neolithic Revolution (Agricultural Revolution)

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. Content is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only. Download presentation by click this link. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server. During download, if you can't get a presentation, the file might be deleted by the publisher.


Presentation Transcript

  1. Neolithic Revolution(Agricultural Revolution)

  2. Basic Ideas From the Neolithic Revolution • Geographic factors allowed for advances in agriculture that lead to stable food supplies, rising populations, and the development of society

  3. Create a Chart Comparing Life Before and After Agriculture

  4. Hominids • “Great Apes” • Refers to humans and their ancestors • Australopithecines – 4-1 million years ago • Lucy is the most famous discovery of an Australopithecine. She was found in 1974. A complete, female skeleton dated to 3.5 million years ago

  5. Paleolithic Era • Paleolithic means “Old Stone Age” • 2.5 million years ago – 8,000 years ago • People of the Paleolithic Era: • Homo-Habilis (2.5 million – 1.5 million years ago) used simple stone tools “man of skill” • Homo-Erectus (1.6 mil. – 30,000 BC) predecessor to Homo-Sapiens “upright man” • First to use fire, good hunters, and more advanced tools • Neanderthal (200,000BC-30,000 BC) • Powerfully built, heavy brows, big muscles • Developed some form of religion • DNA shows not an ancestor of humans

  6. Cro-Magnon • 40,000BC-8,000 BC • These are the earliest Homo-Sapiens “wise man” • Planned hunts, stalked, their population grew at a faster rate as their lives became easier • Probably looked similar to me and you (brain size and capacity were smaller)

  7. Life Before Steady Agriculture • People were Hunters and Gatherers • They were Nomadic – travel from place to place in search of food • Once the food in an area was consumed, man moved to a new area • Also followed the migration patterns of animals

  8. Shelters Before the Neolithic Revolution • Many nomadic people lived in shelters provided by nature (such as caves) • Many people built very simple shelters made of wood and hides

  9. Social Structure • The typical social structure was built around the family • There may have been groups of families together, known as a Clan

  10. Art and Innovation • Some drawings and artwork from the Paleolithic Age have been found • Lascaux Cave paintings in France • They used very primitive weapons and tools • Some evidence of sewing needles • The use of fire • Simple stone tools

  11. Specialized Labor • The main priority for everyone at this time was finding food • We call this Subsistence

  12. Language/Communication • Only verbal communication was used (and it was probably fairly limited/basic) • Symbols were used to mark places of importance

  13. NEOLITHIC REVOLUTION • Neolithic means “New Stone Age” • 8,000 BC – 3000 BC • Something very important in the history of the world happens to start the “New Stone Age.” What is it? It changes everything. • Why is this such a big change? How do you think it will change history?

  14. Neolithic Revolution • Went from food gatherers to food producers • Now had a steady source of food (what do you think this will lead to?) • Domestication of animals for work and food • The revolution happened independently all around the world at different times

  15. Life After Steady Agriculture is Discovered • The Food Supply is the most important factor that changes • People began to plant, tend, and harvest crops • Animals were domesticated for food, and for use as beasts of burden • Hunting was still used, but only to supplement the food supply Sometimes used slash and burn agriculture

  16. Shelter After the Neolithic Revolution • Mud bricks are used as a building material • Eventually stones would be quarried, and used as a building material • Villages were located near fields, and other reliable food sources (rivers/seas)

  17. Social Structure • Social Structures became more complex, with many clans living in close proximity • What do you think this development will lead to? • Gender separation became more apparent • Men: Farmed, herded, and hunted • Women: Raised the children, cooked, and did jobs near the newly established homes

  18. Social Structure (continued) • Governments are developed during this time to organize activity • Religion is developed to help explain nature

  19. Art and Innovation • Carving and statuary, complex tools such as advances in weapons, plows pulled by animals, building techniques, cloth making and weaving • Architecture and building for religious or common use

  20. Specialization of Labor • Advances in Agriculture lead to more bountiful crops, so some people had to turn to other work (what do you think some of these advances were?) • Some became artisans who made pottery, wove cloth, or made metal tools and weapons • Regional resources were gathered and traded • Trading involved these new products, as well as food • 2 inventions helped expand trade (wheel and sail)

  21. Language • Development of pictographic languages (Egyptian Hieroglyphic) or written language. • Developed to keep records concerning food storage & trade. • Cuneiform was developed by Sumerian scribes around 3000 BC (this is where written history begins)

  22. Villages Grow into Cities…Civilization Develops • Civilization- Complex culture with 5 characteristics 1) Advanced cities, (2) specialized workers, (3) complex institutions, (4) record keeping, (5) advanced technology

  23. Characteristics of Civilization • Advanced Cities • Having a larger population, but also being the center of trade and industry • Specialized Labor • Food surpluses freed up time for people to do other work • Complex Institutions • Religion and Government are examples of these (irrigation, ceremonies, and trade all needed some help) • Social Classes started to be defined according to jobs • Religion was based on things that affected crop rather simply nature or animals

  24. Characteristics of Civilization (cont.) • Record Keeping • Taxes, grain collection/storage, yearly rituals, and merchants tracking debts/payments/transactions • Advanced Technology • The Bronze Age (mixing copper and tin to create tools, weapons, and art from bronze) • Irrigation, farming techniques, etc.

  25. First Civilizations • Sumer is the first region to show signs of civilization; Ur is the first major city to appear in Sumer (on the Euphrates) • Hit their peak around 3000 BC • Economy was based on bartering • Wide range of crops • Ziggurats were their temples

  26. Possible Negatives Associated with Villages/Cities/Civilization • Natural disasters could destroy villages or farms • Disease could spread more easily • Fighting over good land would begin

More Related