The Agricultural Revolution Unit 1: Prehistory
The Paleolithic Age Tool usage The invention of technology Nomadic Hunting and gathering bands (20-30 people) Constantly moving from place to place
Homo Erectus Migration First group of early humans to move into Europe and Asia Fire First group to control fire
Homo Sapians Neanderthals First humans to bury their dead First humans to make clothing First humans to make shelter (tents) “Our” first documented ancestor Eventually replaced Neanderthals Cro-Magnons
The Neolithic Age Tool usage The invention of technology Mastery of fire Changing the environment Language The invention of communication Art The invention of “humanity”
The Agricultural Revolution Food Production (Farming) Hunter Gatherer
The Agricultural Revolution • 9,000 – 10,000 years ago (approx 6,000 BC) • Linked directly to the end of the last Ice Age
The Agricultural Revolution Slash & burn farming Converting forests into fertile fields Animal Husbandry Domesticating animals for farm use
Agricultural Village Life The Neolithic Revolution The beginning of settled life Control over animals Domestication Technology The beginning of “progress” Food Surpluses The existence of large stockpiles of food
The Earliest Settlements • Earliest agricultural settlement in Jarmo (Iraq) settlement founded ca. 7,000 BC • Catal Huyuk (Turkey) by 6,000 BC supporting a population of approx. 6,000
Cave Art Analysis Who/What are the subjects of the image? What appears to be happening in the image? Why do you think the image was painted? What does this image tell you about pre-historic man? Imagine you are the artist: give the image a title.
How are the agricultural revolution & the last ice age connected? • What effect did the revolution have on human population? • What effect(s) did the revolution have on human culture? Your Turn: ?