British Rule Pgs. 263-264
Government in the Colonies • New Spain and New France were governed by monarchs in Europe. • Monarch – king or queen *Sometimes the king or queen asked advisors to help make laws. • More often the monarch ruled alone. • The 13 British colonies were ruled a different way.
The British Government and the 13 Colonies • The British monarch made some of the laws. (King George III - 1760) • Some British citizens took part in deciding what laws were made. • These citizens were elected by the British people to speak for them in Parliament. • Parliament was an elected group who passed laws for all British people.
The 13 Colonies and Parliament • The monarch and Parliament governed the 13 colonies. • The people living in the colonies were not allowed to vote in British elections. • Unlike other British citizens, the colonists could not elect lawmakers to speak and act for them in Parliament.
Self-Government • Some American colonists thought they should have self-government. • Why? • They felt England did not understand life in the colonies. • England was 3,000 miles away. • What worked in England didn’t always work in the colonies.
Limited Self-Government • During the 1600s and 1700s, the monarch and Parliament let the colonists make some of the laws that affected them. • Government in the British colonies became more like a democracy. • Democracy – a government in which the people take part.
Limited Self-Government • The colonists were still British subjects. • Parliament had to approve the laws the colonists made. • The colonists were still required to follow laws made by Parliament. • The British colonists welcomed the chance for some self-government.
Colonial Legislatures • Soon each colony formed a “mini-Parliament” called a legislature. • The first legislature was called the House of Burgesses. It was established in Virginia in 1619. • All 13 colonies eventually formed their own legislatures. • People were elected by property owners.
Colonial Governors • Each colony had a governor. • The governor made sure that the laws of the colonial legislatures were ones the British government would agree to. • The governor also made sure that the colonists followed laws passed by the king and Parliament.