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British Rule in India

British Rule in India

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British Rule in India

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  1. British Rule in India

  2. 18th century • British East India company took control from French traders • Occupied and controlled Bengal • Mughal empire defeated by Iranian armies – late 18th century • British set ties with nawabs that were economically advantageous to British

  3. British raj 1818-1857 • Company controlled, govt. support • Social reform reflected british values • ABIDED BY INDIAN CUSTOMS TO GAIN SUPPORT • SEPOY REBELLION: MUSLIM AND HINDU SOLDIERS IN BRITISH ARMY REBELLED, CONTROVERSIAL MILITARY TECHNIQUE • BEGINNINGS OF INDIAN NATIONALISM

  4. The crown rules • British east india company removed due to rebellion • Increase in british officials • Increased industrialization, production of poppy, cotton • Negative: heightened antagonism, strict segregation • Positive: telegraph, railroad, irrigation systems (long-term positive effect)

  5. Indian nationalism • Allowed mid-level government positions • Educated at british schools and universities • Indian national congress: 1885, formed to promote political unity and employ more Indians in the british civil service • 1906 all-indiamuslim league