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BASKETBALL. HISTORY. James Naismith was the Canadian physical education instructor who invented basketball in 1891. Initially, players dribbled a soccer ball up and down a court of unspecified dimensions. Points were earned by landing the ball in a peach basket.
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HISTORY • James Naismith was the Canadian physical education instructor who invented basketball in 1891. • Initially, players dribbled a soccer ball up and down a court of unspecified dimensions. • Points were earned by landing the ball in a peach basket. • Iron hoops and a hammock-style basket were introduced in 1893. • Another decade passed before the open-ended net was introduced. This put an end to manually retrieving the ball from the basket each time a goal was scored.
HOW TO PLAY • There are 2 teams • Ball advances down the court by dribbling, passing, or shooting • A player scores by shooting the ball into their basket; 1 point for free throws, 2 points for floor shots, 3 points for shots beyond the 3 point line • The ball is given to the other team after a scoring • The game is won by the team with the most points after time has expired
BASKETBALL SAFETY • Wear appropriate athletic clothing and tennis shoes • Players need to be aware of all surroundings making sure to not come in contact with another player, benches or walls • Make sure playing area is free of debris and liquid spills • Practice proper communication, for example, speaking loud enough for teammates to know where you are on the court. Only pass the ball to a player if the player is looking at you.
BASKETBALL EQUIPMENT Basketball Goal and Net
What is DRIBBLING? Using the finger pads and a pushing motion to move the ball from one place to another keeping it under control DRIBBLE VIDEO
BASKETBALL DRIBBLING CUES • 1. Eyes forward 2. Finger pads 3. Push the ball downward 4. Ball below waist 5. Flex and extend elbow 6. Bend the knees to keep body low.
PASSING Giving the ball to a teammate by throwing it to their chest, overhead, or bouncing PASSING VIDEO
OVERHEAD PASS • A pass thrown from over the head, to clear a defender or for added power. Cues • 1.Bring ball behind the head • 2.Point elbows to receiver • 3.Pass the ball and follow through OVERHEAD PASS VIDEO
BOUNCE PASS A pass that bounces off the floor before it reaches the receiver. Cues • Start with ball at chest level • Pass the ball to receiver on the first bounce • Bounce ball 2/3 the distance from receiver BOUNCE PASS VIDEO
CHEST PASS A two-handed pass thrown from chest height. Cues • Ball at chest • Two hands-spread the fingers, thumbs behind the ball • Elbows out • Push the ball and follow through CHEST PASS VIDEO
BASKETBALL SHOOTING CUES Get Ready • Bend the knees. • Spread fingers of dominant hand behind the ball. • Keep elbow under ball. • Watch the target. Release • Push the ball toward the goal. • Extend the arm upward toward the goal • Arch the ball. • Follow through (snap the wrist).
SHOOTING CUES PICTURE Eyes on target BEEF B-balance E-eyes E-elbow F- follow-through Spread fingers Elbow under ball Bend Knees
FIELD GOAL A basket scored on any shot other than a free throw, worth 2 or 3 points depending on the distance of the attempt from the basket.
LAY-UP A type of shot, where the player dribbles to the basket and without stopping shoots the ball (right/left/hop/shoot). LAY-UP VIDEO
FREE THROW A free shot taken from the free throw line after a foul; worth 1 point if made.
CATCHING Receiving a passed or thrown ball without letting it hit the floor Cues • Make a target with your hands • Move toward pass • Extend arms toward ball to receive • Pull ball in towards body as the ball contacts hands CATCHING VIDEO
OFFENSE The team that has the ball; a player or team responsible for scoring in a game Screening- to block a defender from guarding or staying close to a teammate Give and Go- the ball handler passes to a teammate, breaks to the basket, receives a quick pass, and advances the ball down the court for a basket
DEFENSE/GUARDING The team that does not have the ball; the process used by a team to prevent an opponent from scoring also called ‘guarding” Zone Defense- A defense that covers an area or zone Man to Man Defense- a defense in which a player covers another specific player
Defense • Stay between opponent and basket • Defensive stance is a forward stride position. 1 arm is high and forward towards opponent, other arm is low and to the side of the body. • Maintain a distance of 3 feet away from opponent. • Emphasize not crossing feet. A shuffle step should be used.