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WWI PowerPoint Presentation

WWI

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WWI

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Presentation Transcript

  1. WWI The Great War The War to End All Wars The War to Make the World Safe for Democracy

  2. What Mr. Earhart wants you to understand… • The difference between a nation and a state • The concept of self-determination • The concept of a war of attrition

  3. The Four Main Causes Nationalism Arms Race (Navy) System of Alliances Imperialism

  4. Nationalism (def.) pride in one’s nation • A nation is a similar group of people • A state is a geographic territory controlled by a government • Examples… Uno mas… The Basques are an example of a nation without their own state – they are controlled by Spain and France.

  5. The Balkan “Powder Keg” GER. European nations were competing for control of the Balkans. Countries were concerned about maintaining a Balance of Power. The emergence of Germany (1871) and the decline of the Ottoman Empire threatened the “balance”.

  6. How would you draw the map? Self Determinationthe idea that a similar group of people (nation) has a right to govern itself. Croat Muslim Serb

  7. Naval Race • British - HMS Dreadnought German - U-boat

  8. Imperialism

  9. Assassination in the Balkans Princip was a member of The Black Hand – a group that wanted Bosnia to be part of Serbia – free of Austrian control. The Archduke of Austria-Hungary is assassinated in Sarajevo by Gavrilo Princip.

  10. Austrian Response • Ultimatum issued • (def.) final set of demands • Austria-Hungary got permission from Germany to to issue a harsh ultimatum • Serbia rejected the ultimatum. Emperor Franz Joseph Austria Hungary

  11. Map Time with Custom Animation

  12. Schleiffen Plan

  13. Trench Warfare

  14. Carl von Clausewitz • War of Attrition • More troops and a strong will = victory

  15. New Weapons

  16. The Results

  17. Battle of VerdunGermany v. France – Western Front • France - 161,000 dead, 101,000 missing and 216,000 men wounded(478,000) • Germany - 142,000 killed and 187,000 wounded (329,000) 75% of casualties due to artillery fire – bombardment Shell Shock

  18. Battle of the Somme • British – 419,654 • French – 204,253 7/1/16 – British: 57,470 casualties, including 19,240 dead Germans – 465,000

  19. Results of the War • 19 Million Deaths • 21 Million Wounded • WWI Casualties by Country

  20. Self-Determination • http://www.johndclare.net/images/WWI2.ethnicmap.JPG