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WWI PowerPoint Presentation

WWI

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WWI

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  1. WWI Part I

  2. What do these 3 things have in common? • Corrupt Government • Dangerous Neighborhoods • Bad Marriages They don’t exist. History is not events. It is people.

  3. 1914-1919 World War I - Chapter 23 - Introduction

  4. Page 703 1914-1919 Section 1: War in Europe Section 2: America’s Road to War Section 3: American Join the Allies Section 4: War at Home Section 5: Searching for Peace

  5. Common topics during War • Causes • Consequences • Weapons • Technology • Politics • Battles • Life of non soldiers

  6. The Worksheet

  7. 1914-1919 World War I - Chapter 23 - Section 1: War In Europe p. 704

  8. Bell RingerDirections:Answer the following question on your worksheet. How might people respond when they feel threatened by others? Write your response and be ready to share your answer.

  9. The Seeds of War Are complex. Starts with an idea. Leads to a preventive action. All that is needed is a light to start the fire.

  10. Cause #1: Nationalism A feeling of intense loyalty to one’s country or group - Encourages nations to establish their power in the world (Italy and Germany) • Inspired groups to break away from existing countries

  11. Cause #2: Imperialism When strong country conquers a weaker country. Empire. As newer countries attempt to catch up to older countries. A race for Africa and Asia begins. Reasons: (1) raw materials (2) new markets (3) status of nation. Imperialism leads to conflict.

  12. Cause #1: Nationalism (Leads to the mentality that conquering other nations is a right.) Cause #2: Imperialism (In order to conquer other countries you must have a military) Cause #3: Militarism

  13. Cause #3: Militarism The build up ofarmy/navy. Typically two (or more) armies attempt to build a larger army than the other country. Can lead to an “arms race.”

  14. Cause #1: Nationalism Intense loyalty towards country or group Cause #2: Imperialism Strong countries conquering weak. Cause #3: Militarism Build up of military Cause #4: Alliance System Countries joining together

  15. Cause #4: Alliance System Countries joining together and becoming partners. The purpose behind an alliance system is 1) Convince enemies that an attack is a bad idea 2) Be prepared in case of war 3) Become stronger. (Smaller countries joining larger countries can stand up to other large countries) “If you get attacked, we’ll help you. And if we get attacked, you help us.”

  16. Lets review We have countries that have abnormally intense passion for their country or people. We are starting to run out of countries to conquer . Countries are building up a military. Countries are joining into treaties with one another.

  17. Who joins together? Great Britain, France and Russia join together. Vs. Germany, Italy and Austria-Hungary join together. One problem between any of these countries can result in all of these places going to war.

  18. Quiz Answer on a note card and turn in 1. What are some benefits of nationalism? 2. What are some drawbacks of nationalism?

  19. Cause #1: Nationalism Intense loyalty towards country or group Cause #2: Imperialism Strong countries conquering weak. Cause #3: Militarism Build up of military Cause #4: Alliance System Countries joining together Cause #5: Balance of Powers System that prevents any one country from dominating others

  20. Cause #5: Balance of Powers System that prevents any one country from dominating the others Treaties and militarism was a way to balance the power between countries.

  21. The geography of Europe during WWI

  22. The Great War

  23. Microsoft Patents ‘Avoid Ghetto’ Feature For GPS Devices REDMOND, Wash. (CBS Seattle) – Microsoft has been granted a patent for its “avoid ghetto” feature for GPS devices. “Created for mobile phones, the technology uses the latest crime statistics and weather data and includes them when calculating a route.” - Seattle, CBS

  24. TheSpark.

  25. Archduke Franz Ferdinand Heir to the thrown of Austria-Hungary. It was hoped that his death would lead to the independence of Slavic people. Slavic: diverse, live in Central and Eastern Europe and Western Russia

  26. Crisis in the Balkans • Franz Ferdinand is assassinated in Sarajevo on June, 28. • His death was meant to unite Slavs and defeat Austria-Hungary • June 28, A-H declares war on Serbia By Aug 12, WWI. (p. 707 map)

  27. A World War Begins • Japan and Italy join the allies. • Italy breaks its alliance with to join the allies p. 708 • Germany’s plan to win the war quickly was to conquer France quickly, then move onto Russia. • Belgium was able to hold France for 3 weeks, giving France time to prepare

  28. The Western Front Western Front: the main place, in Western Europe, that fighting occurred during WWI. Stalemate for 3 years. Both sides launched an offensive (attack). German= Battle of Verdun Allies= Battle of the Somme

  29. Battle of Verdun • One of longest (10 months) and bloodies battles of the war 800,000 injured or dead). • No gains were made • 40 million artillery shells fired • Showed how French would not be defeated easily

  30. Technology of War • Larger, further traveling shells • Better rifles • Poison gas • Armored Tanks • Airplanes • Zeppelin/Blimp

  31. The Red Baron Manfred von Richthofen (German) - The most famous of all fighter pilots. • 80 combat victories • His death is a mystery • Brain damage probably caused lack of judgment which allowed him to get shot down

  32. U-Boot (or U-Boat) German submarine • Most useful in attacking non-military ships • Germany built 360 total. 178 will be lost. • 11 million tons of supplies sunk.