Middle and Southern Colonies • With your team, study the timeline on p. 186-187. • How does this timeline compare to the timeline on p. 158-159? • What time periods do they cover? • What do they have in common?
Middle Colonies • New York and New Jersey • Main idea: The colonies of New York and New Jersey belonged to English landowners. • Proprietor: a person who owned and controlled all the land in a colony. • Duke of York proprietor of New Netherland (given to him by his brother, King of England) (became New York and New Jersey)
Middle Colonies • New York and New Jersey • Proprietors: “How to make $$?” Selling and renting the land to farmers • Representative: someone who is chosen to speak and act for others. • Proprietors lived in England – picked governors and allowed representatives • (an important step toward self-government
Middle Colonies • Pennsylvania and Delaware • Main idea: William Penn founded Pennsylvania as a place where people could worship freely. • A “holy experiment:” William Penn wanted to start a colony where all Christians could live together peacefully… so he founded Pennsylvania!
Middle Colonies • Pennsylvania and Delaware • More self-government: the Pennsylvania Assembly (representatives) had power to approve or reject laws! • Treaty: an official agreement between nations or groups • Penn and the American Indians RESPECT
Middle Colonies • Pennsylvania and Delaware • Philadelphia: • Built along the Delaware River • Excellent harbor • Well-designed, easy-to-travel roads • Became a center of trade • Most famous citizen Benjamin Franklin! (wrote Poor Richard’s Almanack) • P. 191 Question #7
Dost thou love life? Then do not squander time, for that's the stuff life is made of. Benjamin Franklin(Poor Richard's Almanack, 1746) Observe all men; thy self most. Benjamin Franklin(Poor Richard's Almanack, 1740) A good conscience is a continual Christmas. Benjamin Franklin(Poor Richard's Almanack, 1741) Time is money. Benjamin Franklin(Advice to a Young Tradesman, 1748) Early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise. Benjamin Franklin(Poor Richard's Almanack, 1758) Fear not Death; for the sooner we die, the longer shall we be immortal. Benjamin Franklin(Poor Richard's Almanack, 1740) Lost time is never found again. Benjamin Franklin(Poor Richard's Almanack, 1748)
Middle Colonies Read p. 186-193!!!