ancient india the mogul empire chapter 7 notes social studies 8
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Ancient India: the mogul empire chapter 7 notes social studies 8. Mogul Empire. Moguls from central Asia, related to the Turks, conquered the Indus plain Akbar was made ruler at 13 in 1556 At 19 he led the army and over 43 years they expanded the Mogul empire (he almost never lost a battle!)

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mogul empire
Mogul Empire
  • Moguls from central Asia, related to the Turks, conquered the Indus plain
  • Akbar was made ruler at 13 in 1556
  • At 19 he led the army and over 43 years they expanded the Mogul empire (he almost never lost a battle!)
  • Created a money system
  • Taxed farmers based on land
  • Had irrigation and canals built to increase water supply to farmers
  • Unified Hindus for period of unity and power
an era of harmony
An Era of Harmony
  • At 20, Akbar married the daughter of Hindu leader
  • He put her father and other Hindus in the Muslim government
  • He let Hindus build more temples again
  • He took away the extra tax on Hindus
  • Akbar had a building in his palace where people from any religion could talk (he liked to listen to their debates)
akbar s interests
Akbar’s Interests
  • He had a huge library with books from other empires and continents
  • He was illiterate but had someone read to him every day
  • He loved arts and music and crafts and had many huge forts and new palaces designed and built
  • Akbar died in 1605 at 63 years of age and left behind one of the richest and most powerful empires in the world
shah jahan
Shah Jahan
  • Emperor of the World”
  • Akbar’s grandson, Shah Jahan, ruled from 1628-1658
  • He expanded the Mogul empire
  • Spent a huge amount of money on building beautiful things and buildings (his throne cost twice as much to build as the palace it sat in!)

taj mahal
Taj Mahal
  • Shah Jahan had the Taj Mahal built in honor of his wife (died in 1631)
  • His wife was named Mumtaz Mahal
  • It took 20 years to build
  • Was one of the most expensive buildings built under
  • Is over looked by the Agra or Red Fort built by Akbar
  • It’s considered to be one of the most beautiful buildings in the world
  • Made of white marble with passages from the Koran (to honour the beliefs of Islam)
trading with europe
Trading with Europe
  • Shah Jahan could afford to build theTaj Mahal because of trade with Asia, Africa, and Europe
  • Silk and spices were traded to eager merchants from Netherlands, Portugal, and England
akbar s mini biography
Akbar’s Mini Biography
  • He was the grandson of Babur who founded the Mogul dynasty
  • Akbar is considered as the greatest Mogul emperor
  • He was only 13 when he was named the emperor following the death of his father
  • He married the daughter of a Hindu leader Akbar was a carpenter, artist, blacksmith, emperor, inventor, animal trainer, etc, etc.
  • The day Akbar died, the Mogul empire covered almost 1 million square kilometres
shah jahan s mini biography
Shah Jahan’s Mini Biography
  • He was the fifth Mogul ruler
  • While he was young, he was a favorite of Akbar.
  • He succeeded to the throne on his father’s death
  • He is considered one of the best Moguls, his reign is considered as the Golden Age of the Moguls
  • He made great monuments, his greatest is the Taj Mahal made as the tomb of his dead wife.
  • On his death, the Mogul empire spanned about 9/10 the size of India today
important people and places
Important People and Places
  • People: Akbar, Shah Jahan, and Mumtaz Mahal
  • Places: Agra, and Taj Mahal
  • The End!
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