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Social Studies Graduation Exam Study Guide. Chapter One: The Pre-Colonial Eras Directions: Answer the following completely as you read pages 13-20 of the grad exam workbook. Name the Holy Wars waged from 1095-1270 between the Europeans and the Muslims in the Middle East?.

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social studies graduation exam study guide
Social Studies Graduation Exam Study Guide
  • Chapter One: The Pre-Colonial Eras
  • Directions: Answer the following completely as you read pages 13-20 of the grad exam workbook.
slide2
Name the Holy Wars waged from 1095-1270 between the Europeans and the Muslims in the Middle East?
slide3
As a result of these Holy Wars, what items did the Europeans from the West discover in the Middle East?
slide4
What is the name of the instrument sailors used to find their position from the stars?
  • From whom did they get the device?
slide7
The time period in Europe in which individuals sought to understand the Greek and Roman literary classics is called_______.
slide8
What was the name of the movement in which people began to question the validity of the practices of the Catholic Church?
slide10
Who was the Italian explorer, representing Spain, who set out in 1492 to find a new route to Asia?
slide11
The Columbian Exchange was the sharing of cultures between the Americas and Europe. List five results of the Columbian Exchange.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

slide20
How did the Native Americans react to seeing fair-skinned people and horses for the first time?
slide22
Which explorer searched for the legendary Seven Cities of Gold in the present day area of New Mexico?
slide28
What was the name of the first successful English settlement in the New World?
  • When was this colony founded?
slide31
Which organization of the Virginia Company limited royal authority and increased citizen participation in the colonial government?
slide33
Many people who came to the English colonies were indentured servants. What is an indentured servant?
slide34
What three items were parts of the trade of the triangular trade route in the New World? (see map on page 19).
slide35
What were the two religious groups that separated from the Church of England and settled the New England colonies?
slide39
What is the economic system in which a nation’s power is measured by its gold supply?
  • As a result, why are colonies needed?
social studies graduation exam study guide40
Social Studies Graduation Exam Study Guide
  • Chapter Two: The Revolutionary War and War of 1812
  • Directions: Answer the following completely as you read pages 24-30 of the grad exam workbook.
slide41
Under what system were the colonies to supply England with raw materials while England supplied the colonies with manufactured goods and finished products?
slide43
What is the name of the search warrant that allowed customs officials the right to search anywhere for illegal goods that had not been taxed?
slide44
What are the two names used to describe the war fought between France and England for control of North America?
slide45
Each time Parliament taxed the colonies to pay for their protection, the Parliament taxed them without their _____________________.
slide48
What was the name of the organization devoted to protecting colonial liberties and protesting British unfair policies?
slide49
What was the name of the event in which colonists protested the tea tax by dumping a shipment of tea into Boston Harbor?
slide50
Who was one member of the Sons of Liberty who dressed up as a Native American and boarded the ships carrying tea?
slide51
In response to the Boston Tea Party, what laws did the British pass to limit trade and self-government in the colonies?
slide52
When the British passed the Intolerable Acts, the colonial leaders organized the ______________________________.
slide54
Who was the prominent burgess from Virginia whose ‘Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death’ speech aroused the colonial leaders to revolt against Great Britain and fight for freedom?
slide55
What was the name of the colonial volunteer soldiers who were ready to fight in a moment’s notice?
slide56
Who rode on horseback to Lexington, Massachusetts, warning neighboring towns that “The British Are Coming”?
slide61
Where did General George Washington, the commander-in-chief of the Colonial Army, train his tired and poorly trained troops during the winter of 1777?
slide63
What was the name of the treaty in which the British recognized the independence of the United States, as well as the border of the new nation?
slide64
As a result of the Treaty of Paris, 1783, the borders of the United States extended:
  • in the north to ____________________________,
  • in the west to _____________________________,
  • in the south to ____________________________, and
  • in the east to ______________________________.
slide65
What was the practice by the French and British (who were fighting each other on the open seas) of taking American sailors from U.S. ships and forcing them to serve in either the British or French navy?
slide70
Name the battle in which Andrew Jackson, along with the Cherokee Indian tribe, defeated the Creeks, Tecumseh’s allies in the South.
slide73
What made Andrew Jackson a hero in the United States and increased the feeling of American pride?
slide74
At the conclusion of the War of 1812, describe the agreement on land boundaries between Great Britain and the United States.
social studies graduation exam study guide75
Social Studies Graduation Exam Study Guide
  • Chapter Three/Part A: The United States Government
  • Directions: Answer the following completely as you read pages 34-39 of the grad exam workbook.
slide77
What was the written document that protected the rights of English nobles and influenced the U.S. Constitution by stating that the king’s power was not absolute?
slide78
Who was the English philosopher who believed the government should derive its power from the people whom it governed?
slide81
How did the Social Contract Theory influence Thomas Jefferson and the Declaration of Independence?
slide83
What was the name of the general revival of evangelical Christians in the American colonies and led to a sense of American nationality before the Revolutionary War?
slide88
In 1787, a convention met to change the Articles of Confederation and create a new government, what was it called?
slide89
Under the large state plan (the Virginia Plan), the states would base representation in Congress on a state’s population. Under the small state plan (the New Jersey Plan), each state would get an equal voice in Congress. What was the name of the compromise that divided the Congress into two houses?
slide91
In the lower house called the _________, each state has representation based on proportion of population.
slide92
What term refers to the practice of dividing power between the national government and the state governments?
slide93
What is a government in which power is divided among various groups with all groups obeying a system of laws called the constitution?
slide98
To keep the branches equal in power, the writers of the Constitution created a system of________________________.
slide102
Article One of the Constitution establishes the _______________ which consists of a two-house __________________.
slide103
Article Two of the Constitution establishes the __________________ branch which gives executive power to the __________________.
slide104
Article Three of the Constitution establishes the ___________ branch which establishes the _______________ for interpreting laws made by Congress.
slide110
The _____________ were newspapers articles written by Hamilton, Jay, and Madison that stated the advantages of a federal union under the Constitution.
slide116
Social Studies Grad Exam Study Guide

Chapter Three Part B- The United States Government

Directions: Answer the following completely as you read pages 40-43 of the grad exam workbook.

slide117
Changes in the Constitution can be made through_________________.
slide119
An amendment to the Constitution requires a two-thirds majority vote of ____________ or a special convention called by two-thirds of the ____________.
slide132
Who favored paying the United States war debt in full…Alexander Hamilton or James Madison?
slide133
Hamilton proposed that the federal government take over the states’ debt from the Revolutionary War. Why did Jefferson and Madison oppose Hamilton’s proposal?
slide134
Hamilton, Jefferson, and Madison worked out a compromise on the issue of state debt which involved moving the nation’s capital from _____________ in the North to ________________ in the South.
slide136
In George Washington’s farewell address, what did he say about America’s relations with foreign countries?
slide143
The Federalists wanted power in the hands of the _____________ and the ________ while the Democratic-Republicans wanted power in the hands of the ________.
slide144
Which party wanted the nation’s economy based on manufacturing, shipping and commerce?
slide148
What were John Marshall’s views about the conflict between the national government and the states?
slide150
With judicial review, who has the right to declare whether laws passed by Congress were constitutional or not?
slide151
Which famous Supreme Court case states that Congress alone has the power to regulate interstate commerce (business)?
slide153
Social Studies Grad Exam Study Guide

Chapter Four Part A -Growth of a New Nation (1783-1860)

Directions: Answer the following completely as you read pages 47-54 of the grad exam workbook.

slide155
What act allowed land area from the Ohio River to the Mississippi River to be made into states with the same rights as the original thirteen?
slide156
What ordinance prohibited slavery in the territory that would later become the states of Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, Wisconsin, and Illinois?
slide157
What country did the United States buy the Louisiana Purchase from and when was the territory bought?
slide160
Many native Americans were forced to move into tiny parcels of land after the United States purchased the Louisiana Purchase in order to make room for white settlers. What are these tiny parcels of land called?
slide161
Which two men led an expedition to find a water route to the Pacific Ocean which, in turn, led to rapid migration to the Pacific Northwest?
slide162
What was the name of the very talented native American woman who became a translator to Lewis and Clark?
slide164
What is the phrase used to describe the period of national unity and optimism during the presidency of James Monroe?
slide165
What is the name of the policy in which the United States declared it would not interfere in the affairs of European countries and, perhaps more importantly, said America would oppose any European intervention into the affairs of nations in North and South America?
slide169
Which British engineer is widely credited with the invention of the steam-powered locomotive engine?
slide170
Which prominent senator proposed a plan for national improvement called the American System?
slide172
What stretched westward from Cumberland, Maryland to Wheeling, Virginia and then later, under Henry Clay’s influence, eventually extended to Vandalia, Illinois?
slide181
What is the name of the act proposed by Andrew Jackson that forced the removal of five Native American tribes into reservation?
slide183
About one quarter of Native Americans died on this _______________ from disease, starvation, and the exposure to the cold.
slide187
When gold was found at Sutter’s Mill, California in 1848, what was the name of the huge migration of people to California?
slide189
What is the name of the old mission in San Antonio where many Texans fought bravely to the death for their independence from Santa Anna, dictator of Mexico?
slide190
Which president, believing in Manifest Destiny, led the United States to fight Mexico in the Mexican-American War (1846-1848)?
slide191
Which two territories did America purchase for $18 million dollars at the conclusion of the Mexican-American War?
slide192
Social Studies Grad Exam Study Guide

Chapter Four Part B- Growth of a New Nation (1783-1860)

Directions: Answer each question completely as you read pages 55-58 of the grad exam workbook.

slide194
Early American writers created a literature that mirrored the newly forming United States of America. What term is used to describe using settings and themes unique to our country?
slide214
What is the name famous educator who helped set up the first state board of education (which happened to be in Massachusetts)?
slide215
What was the name of the woman who promoted legislation to improve mental institutions and prisons?
slide216
What is the name of the movement that wanted to get people to at first monitor their use of alcohol and then abstain entirely from drinking?
slide224
Who published the anti-slavery newspaper The Liberator and established the American Anti-Slavery Society?
social studies graduation exam study guide chapter five secession and resistance

Social Studies Graduation Exam Study GuideChapter Five: Secession and Resistance

Directions: Answer the following completely

as you read pages 62-69 of the grad exam

workbook.

slide231
The South based its economy on _________________ while the North based its economy on ____________________.
slide232
What is the name of the tax levied (placed) on foreign companies that bring products into the United States to sell them?
slide234
The ________________ Compromise allowed Missouri to be admitted as a slave state while the state of _________________ was admitted as a free state. According to the Compromise, all states north of the 30-degree longitude line would be ____________ states and all states sough of that line would be _____________________ states.
slide237
Which two territories were allowed to determine whether they want slavery or not with the Compromise of 1850?
slide238
What laws (which were very unpopular in the North) mandated that northern cities forcibly return slaves to their owners in the South?
slide239
Which act allowed the previously free and unorganized territories of Kansas and Nebraska to choose whether or not to permit slavery?
slide240
Kansas became known as ________________ as armed clashes between pro-slavery forces and abolitionist settlers became commonplace.
slide243
The Dred Scot Decision by the Supreme Court led to turmoil in the United States. Dred Scot, a slave in Missouri who was taken by his owner into a northern state, sued to get his freedom. The Supreme Court made 4 major rulings in that 1857 case. What were they?

1.

2.

3.

4.

slide244
Who ran against and debated Abraham Lincoln for a Senate seat in Illinois and participated with Lincoln in a series of public debates?
slide248
Explain the difference in views of the Northern Democrats and the Southern Democrats in the election of 1860?
slide253
Which president blamed the abolitionists for the critical condition of the nation leading up to the Civil War?
slide254
True or False. Lincoln would not allow the Southern states to secede from the Union without a fight.
slide258
Which counties in Virginia tried to form a separate government in support of the Union when Virginia joined the Confederacy?
slide267
Did most people think at the beginning of the Civil War that it would be a rather quick and decisive war?
slide268
Social Studies Graduation Exam Study Guide

Chapter Six/Part A: The Civil War and Reconstruction

Directions: Answer the following completely as you read pages 73-77 of the grad exam workbook.

slide269
The First Battle of Bull Run was the first major battle of the Civil War. What was the result of the battle?
slide270
What battle of the Civil War was the bloodiest of the Civil War and how many people died in this battle?
slide272
After which battle of the Civil War did Abraham Lincoln issue the Emancipation Proclamation?
slide278
Who was the Northern Admiral who cut off an important rebel supply port at the Battle of Mobile Bay?
slide286
Which ethnic group resented the provision that allowed a person to buy his way out of the draft?
slide289
The Morrill Land Grant Act gave federal lands to the states. What were the states required to do with this land?
slide303
Social Studies Graduation Exam Study Guide

Chapter Six/Part B: The Civil War and Reconstruction

Directions: Answer the following completely as you read pages 78-84 of the grad exam workbook.

slide304
Which organization became one of the largest all black churches in the United States after the Civil War?
slide305
At the end of the Civil War, who built schools to ensure that blacks learned some math and basic literacy skills?
slide312
What was the reaction in Congress after Johnson readmitted the Southern states when the Southern states elected Democrats who tried to keep blacks in servitude?
slide315
Which president was impeached for firing the Secretary of War after Congress had attempted to limit his power of appointment?
slide320
List the 5 major reasons the South had bitter feelings regarding the North and Northerners?
  • 1.
  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4.
  • 5.
slide325
Which acts gave the President the authority to declare martial law in the South in order to stop the KKK from terrorizing blacks and prevent them from voting?
slide326
Which presidential administration was plagued by corruption in dealing with bribes from the Union Pacific Railroad?
slide334
Social Studies Graduation Exam Study Guide

Chapter Seven/Part A: Expansion and Industrialization (1860-1914)

Directions: Answer the following completely as you read pages 89-94 of the grad exam workbook.

slide336
What became the chief means of transportation during the second half of the 1800’s (nineteenth century)?
slide348
After the buffalo population was decimated (severely reduced), what became of the Indians?
slide382
What became the new centers of people, ideas, and culture in the United States in the late 1800s and early 1900s?
slide383
Social Studies Graduation Exam Study Guide

Chapter Seven/Part B: Expansion and Industrialization (1860-1914)

Directions: Answer the following completely as you read pages 94-101 of the grad exam workbook.

slide384
Who were the nineteenth century businessmen who acquired much of their wealth by exploitation and ruthlessness?
slide387
Which robber baron owned the Standard Oil Company and created a monopoly in the oil industry?
slide388
Which robber baron owned a steel company, controlled iron and coal mines, and owned railroads and believed in the ‘Gospel of Wealth’?
slide390
Who wrote many children’s stories about people gaining wealth through hard work and diligence?
slide394
Which law in 1882 prohibited Chinese from legally immigrating to the United States?
slide396
The National Origin Act of 1924 reduced the number of immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe to _____ percent and prohibited all immigration from _______.
slide397
Which movement developed in response to growing corruption of politicians by the forces of big business?
slide399
Progressives fought to bring down _______ who gained enormous wealth and power through bribery and corruption.
slide400
Who were the leading intellectuals of the time who wrote stories about the abuses of big businesses on workers and consumers?
slide401
What book by Upton Sinclair exposed the miserable working conditions and dangerous food quality in meat processing plants in Chicago?
slide402
What was the name of the book Ida Tarbell wrote about the ruthless practices of Standard Oil in building a monopoly in the oil business?
slide405
Which amendment allowed the people of each state to elect their own senators instead of the state legislatures?
slide410
Who was the Democratic candidate who won the election of 1912 because Taft and Roosevelt split the Republican vote?
slide411
What is the name of the commission that has the power to investigate companies for unfair business practices?
slide413
What is the name of the journey many black citizens took from the South to the North in order to escape unfair treatment in the South?
slide416
What was the name of Booker T. Washington’s speech that appealed to many black and white people with its call for blacks to excel educationally?
slide417
Which African American became famous for his agricultural experiments with soybeans, cotton, and peanuts?
slide418
Who was the first black graduate of Harvard University who wrote several papers attacking the philosophy of Booker T. Washington?
slide419
What was the name of the organization founded by black and white intellectuals and joined by W.E.B. Dubois that called for an end to segregation?
slide420
What Supreme Court case stated that segregation was lawful as long as the separate facilities were equal?
slide421
The Alabama Constitution of 1901 added the requirement of a _____ test or _____ ownership to be able to vote.
social studies graduation exam study guide chapter eight part a world war one and the 1920 s

Social Studies Graduation Exam Study GuideChapter Eight/Part A: World War One and the 1920’s

Directions: Answer the following completely as you read pages 106-112 of the grad exam workbook.

slide425
Between 1870-1914, what three parts of the world did several European countries seek to control and colonize?
slide427
What crop did many American businessmen begin to invest in during the 1850s in the Hawaiian Islands?
slide431
Which two American newspapers began to stir up sympathies toward the Cuban peoples’ plight by writing sensational stories about abuses in Cuba?
slide446
After the Panamanians gained their independence from Colombia, how did America acquire land for the building of the Panama Canal?
slide452
Which country in Central America was the United States repeatedly involved in militarily from 1909-1933
slide453
There are four long-term causes of World War One. Briefly explain how each contributed to the outbreak of the war.

Nationalism:

Imperialism:

Military Expansion:

Alliances:

slide457
There were four major new battle tactics and innovations that occurred during World War One. List them.
slide465
What event triggered President Wilson into asking Congress to declare war against Germany on April 6, 1917?
slide468
At the end of World War I, America was fighting Germany with which two main countries as its allies?
chapter eight part b world war one and the 1920 s

Chapter Eight/Part B: World War One and the 1920’s

Directions: Answer the following completely as you

read pages 112-117 of the grad exam workbook.

slide471
At the conclusion of World War One, the Austro-Hungarian Empire was broken up. What new countries were created by the breakup of this empire?
slide472
Who was required to register for the draft in the United States in preparation of future world wars?
slide475
The Treaty of Versailles required Germany to pay war reparations. What are war reparations?
slide496
List 7 mass media and mechanical inventions that became popular during the Roaring Twenties.
slide509
Which three groups did Congress completely restrict from immigrating into the United States during the 1920s?
slide516
Chapter Nine/Part A: The Great Depression and World War II

Directions: Answer the following completely as you read pages 122-125 of the grad exam workbook.

slide530
How did President Hoover respond to the World War One veterans who camped out in Washington and demanded they receive their bonuses?
slide533
During the New Deal, there were three R’s: Relief, Recovery, and Reform. Give a brief explanation of each.
slide540
The FDIC insures depositors up to 100 thousand dollars in case of bank failure. What was the purpose for setting up the FDIC?
slide547
Chapter Nine/Part B: The Great Depression and World War II
  • Social Studies Graduation Exam Study Guide
  • Directions: Answer the following completely as you read pages 125-134 of the grad exam workbook.
slide548
List the four dictators who controlled the following countries during the 1930s and 1940s.

Italy:

Japan:

Germany:

Soviet Union:

slide552
Explain British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain’s policy of appeasement toward Hitler at the Munich Conference in September of 1938.
slide553
September 1, 1939 is considered to be the beginning of World War II. What happened on this date to trigger the war?
slide556
What event caused the United States to become militarily involved in World War II and when did this event occur?
slide557
During World War II, which part of the American population entered the work force in large numbers for the first time?