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Grade 8 Social Studies PowerPoint Presentation
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Grade 8 Social Studies

Grade 8 Social Studies

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Grade 8 Social Studies

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  1. Grade 8 Social Studies • Chapter 6 • The First World War • 1914-1918

  2. Newfoundland at War World War I lasted from 1914 to 1918. It began as a conflict between several European powers.

  3. Triple Alliance vs. Triple Entente Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy vs. Britain, France, Russia

  4. Other countries joined as the war progressed

  5. When Britain went to war Newfoundland, as well as other dominions of the British Empire, considered themselves at war as well

  6. The feeling was that if Britain was defeated democratic government would be in danger

  7. After the United States entered the war in 1917, the war was called the “war to make the world safe for democracy”

  8. Reasons why Newfoundlanders were involved in World War I : 1. thought the war would not last long 2. signed up for adventure / return as heroes • 3. source of employment 4. sense of pride and loyalty to their “mother country” - Great Britain. 5. felt they would lose democratic government and security if they lost 6. Newfoundlanders convinced by propaganda to take up the fight for liberty and justice against Germany.

  9. Many people enlisted out of a deep sense of pride and loyalty to Great Britain. This is known as patriotism.

  10. While many people chose to enlist in the armed forces the governments of Newfoundland and Britain felt they needed more young men to fight.

  11. To encourage more men to join the forces they began to use propaganda.

  12. Patriotism:sense of pride or loyalty to your country. Propaganda:information used to promote a political cause or point of view.

  13. Propaganda techniques included persuading people that the enemy is evil, that the enemy is trying to destroy your freedom, that the enemy wants to take away your land and rights, etc

  14. Propaganda Poster Assignment On a legal size sheet of paper (8 ½ x 14), design your own propaganda war poster to persuade people that they should join the armed forces to fight for their country. Completely color your poster Purpose of your poster should be clear to the viewer Include a lot of detail Should have some sort of emotional appeal for the average citizen to do something Place your name and the country you are representing on the back of your poster

  15. Branches of Service Military (those who fought): • Royal Naval Reserve • Newfoundland Regiment • Canadian and Other Forces Civilian (didn’t fight): • Forestry Corps • Volunteer Aid Detachment (VAD) • Merchant Marine

  16. Royal Naval Reserve The Royal Naval Reserve was formed in 1902 with 600 men from all over the province

  17. The Reserve did not have their own ships so they were placed on ships in the British Navy

  18. Newfoundlanders were known as the best small boatmen in the world and were in big demand on navy ships because of their expertise

  19. The commanders were afraid many of them would not show up, as it was the middle of the fishing season

  20. They showed true patriotism as every one of the 600 arrived, even though many of them had to walk 80 or 100 km’s to reach a railway station or steamer

  21. Around 2050 Newfoundlanders served with the reserve during the war and 192 were killed

  22. The Newfoundland Regiment The Newfoundland Regiment fought in several major battles in World War I

  23. 6250 people served in the regiment with around 5000 going over seas

  24. 291 soldiers were killed and 2314 were wounded. 1 in 7 of the young men in St. John’s between the ages of 18 and 22 were killed

  25. This was a much higher percentage of soldiers killed than most regiments from other places

  26. After its battles in France the Regiment was given the title Royal Newfoundland Regiment by King George V, the only regiment in World War I to be given the title Royal

  27. Seventeen year old Tommy Rickets was the youngest person in the war to win the Victoria Cross for bravery

  28. Video and Audio These are videos of Newfoundlanders during World War I. The first video shows men marching into St. John’s to leave for the war, and the other shows men training for combat. http://www.heritage.nf.ca/greatwar/video/page2.html

  29. Volunteer Aid Detachment This was a group of 40 women who served as nurses and medical personnel. 1 was killed

  30. DO NOT WRITE THIS SLIDE ! One of them, Frances Cluett wrote about the Battle of Beaumont Hamel “This is a very wicked world … you cannot realize what sufferings there are. Some of the misery will ever live in my memory. It seems to me now as though I will always have sad thoughts in my eyes” What do you think this woman is saying?

  31. Forestry Corps 500 Newfoundlanders, mostly loggers from central Newfoundland went to Scotland to cut wood for the war effort. 11 were killed

  32. Member of the Forestry Corps VAD Workers

  33. 5000 men served in the merchant Marine as sailors on unarmed tankers and freighters that kept Britain in supplies during the war years. 115 of these men died Merchant Marine

  34. Other Forces 3100 men served in the Canadian and other Allied Forces 143 0f these people died

  35. In all about 1753 Newfoundlanders were killed in World War One

  36. 14% of the males of the province served in World War I. Since boys and older men were ineligible, a very large percentage of young men between 19 and 36 helped in the war effort

  37. DO NOT WRITE THIS SLIDE! Jot down some thoughts on the effect having so many young men gone from the province would have on the people left behind. Remember people did not have the technologies we have today

  38. Photographic Essay: Newfoundlanders Who Served Oversees Look at the pictures on page 129. What factors in their background made these people good candidates for the type of war effort that was required

  39. Read the People in History section on page 130 and consider the following questions for each man : • In what way did the skills of these men enrich the war effort? • What did Newfoundland and Labrador lose and what did Newfoundland and Labrador gain by having these men enlist? • Did these men make the correct decision by enlisting?

  40. Battle of Beaumont Hamel The Battle of Beaumont Hamel was part of the Battle of the Somme and took place on July 1st, 1916, near the village of Beaumont Hamel in France.

  41. The 801 members of the Newfoundland Regiment was ordered “over the top” to cross No Man’s Land – the unoccupied land between the opposing trenches.

  42. The objective was to capture the first German trench

  43. As they advanced into No Man’s Land, the soldiers faced heavy machine gun fire, barbed wire, and artillery fire. The battle lasted only 30 minutes, and in that time, 734 soldiers were dead, wounded or missing.

  44. Men ready for battle, 1916. Barbed wire at Beaumont Hamel

  45. Beaumont Hamel An enemy shell bursting at Beaumont Hamel, 1916 Newfoundland soldiers in St. John’s Road support trench, July 1, 1916.

  46. In less than half an hour the regiment was almost destroyed.

  47. After the battle the British commanding officer said “It was a magnificent display of trained and disciplined valor, and its assault only failed of success because dead men can advance no further”

  48. Beaumont Hamel Today Y Ravine Cemetary The Danger Tree

  49. “A Display of Incredible Courage” • The soldiers who fought in this battle were hailed as heroes because they kept going even as their friends and fellow soldiers died. • Now, July 1 is considered Memorial Day.