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Taking Notes, Writing and Speaking

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  1. Taking Notes, Writing and Speaking Chapter 8

  2. These Are Related: MEMORY READING NOTES

  3. Why take notes?

  4. Why take notes?To remember

  5. Over 50% of what we hear is lost in the first 20 minutes to an hour.

  6. If your mind wanders, you can be here now by taking notes.

  7. Tips for taking notes • Be physically alert

  8. Tips • Develop a positive attitude. Convince yourself that the speaker has something valuable to say.

  9. Tips • Distinguish between listening and hearing.

  10. Hearing is done with the ears.

  11. Listening is done with the mind.

  12. Tips • Ask yourself questions • Why is she saying that? • What does he mean? • What is the main point? STAY AWAKE!

  13. Tips • Take notes • The act of writingkeeps you physicallyand mentally alert

  14. Be open to different viewpoints and new ideas.

  15. Prepare for note taking.

  16. Have the proper materials. • Three ring binder • Notebook paper • Pen • Highlighter

  17. Review the calendar and syllabus • What topic is being discussed?

  18. Read the text • Find the main ideas • Be familiar withthe topic

  19. What to write down • Focus on the main ideas. • Write supporting details as you have time. • Watch for verbal signals.

  20. Signal words point the way.

  21. To illustrate For example For instance Here comes an example. Write it down. Example Words

  22. In addition Also Furthermore Here comes another main idea. Write it down too. Addition Words

  23. The five steps First, second, third Next Here comes a list. Organize your notes and write down the items in the list. Enumeration Words

  24. Before, after Formerly Subsequently Prior Meanwhile Hmm! Here comes a time relationship. What comes first and what happens next. Time Words

  25. Therefore As a result If. . . .then Here comes a cause and effect. Write the labels “cause” and “effect” in your notes and get these ideas in your notes. Cause and Effect Words

  26. In other words It simply means That is In essence Here comes a definition. Label it “def” and write down the definition. Test questions are often based on definitions. Definition Words

  27. However Nevertheless Yes, but Still Here comes an exception or qualifying remark. Put this in your notes. Swivel Words

  28. Similarly Likewise In contrast Write the similarities and differences in your notes. Compare and Contrast

  29. In conclusion To sum up In a nutshell Great! This is the end. I’ll try to write the summary word for word to make sure I have the most important ideas. Summary Words

  30. This is important. Remember this. You’ll see this again You might want to study this for the test. This will be on the test. Make sure to know this. Test Words

  31. Nonverbal Signals • Visually presented material • Handouts • Write down whatever is written on the board

  32. Note Taking Systems

  33. 2 1/2inches 6 inches The Cornell Format RECALL COLUMN TAKE NOTES HERE INDENT FOR MINOR POINTS MAJOR POINTS • QUESTIONS • OUTLINE

  34. Practice: Taking Notes in the Cornell Format

  35. Read Review Be here now Note taking Develop An Interest Record Create a Mind Map Check Syllabus

  36. Practice: Taking Notes with a Mind Map.

  37. Research notes • Notes for writing papers and speeches • Use 3x5 cards • Source cards • Information cards • Use your own words 3x5 card

  38. Telegraphic Sentences • Write key words only • Omit unnecessary words • Ignore rules of grammar • Use abbreviations and symbols • Similar to text messaging

  39. Use Abbreviations (As Long As You Can Read Them) • Amount Amt • Government Gov • Education Ed • Politics Pol • History Hist • General Gen • Example Ex • Democratic Dem

  40. Leave out the vowels • Checking Ckg • Accounting Acct

  41. Use a symbol • without wo • with w • and + • less than < • more than > • equals =

  42. Use an Acronym • NASA • ASAP • USA • Make up your own (Massachusetts Modern Party becomes MMP)

  43. Review Your Notes

  44. Remember that it is most effective to review within 20 minutes.

  45. How to Review

  46. Highlight or underline the main points. Fill in missing details.

  47. If using the Cornell Format, use the recall column to test yourself.

  48. Group Activity:A Case Study

  49. Assignment:Note Taking ChecklistEvaluate Your Note TakingSkills