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Chapter 8 Tobacco. Lesson 1 The Respiratory System. Click for:. >> Main Menu. >> Chapter 8 Assessment. Next >>. Teacher’s notes are available in the notes section of this presentation. DO NOW: Define STDs. 2. Choose a STD and write down few symptoms about it. Essential Question:

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slide1

Chapter 8

Tobacco

Lesson 1

The Respiratory System

Click for:

>> Main Menu

>> Chapter 8 Assessment

Next >>

Teacher’s notes are available in the notes section of this presentation.

slide2

DO NOW:

  • Define STDs.
  • 2. Choose a STD and write down few symptoms about it.
slide3

Essential Question:

  • How does drug use affect your future?
  • Enduring Understanding:
  • The student will understand that the use of tobacco other drugs have negative effects on the body systems.
slide4

respiratory system

The organs that supply your blood with oxygen

Two passageways that branch from the trachea, one to each lung

bronchi

Two large organs that exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide

  • lungs
slide5

In this lesson, students will be able to

  • explainwhy you need oxygen to live.
  • namethe parts of the respiratory system.
  • describethe breathing process.
  • identifyproblems of the respiratory system.
you need oxygen to live
You Need Oxygen to Live

Your respiratory system ensures that your body gets the oxygen it needs.

respiratory system The organs that supply your blood with oxygen

Oxygen gets into the body by breathing in.

parts of your respiratory system
Parts of Your Respiratory System

The main parts of the respiratory system are:

  • Mouth
  • Nose
  • Trachea

trachea A passageway in your throat that takes air into and out of your lungs

parts of your respiratory system1
Parts of Your Respiratory System

The main parts of the respiratory system are:

  • Epiglottis
  • Bronchi

epiglottis A flap of tissue in the back of your mouth that keeps food out of your trachea

bronchi Two passageways that branch from the trachea, one to each lung

parts of your respiratory system2
Parts of Your Respiratory System

The main parts of the respiratory system are:

  • Lungs
  • Diaphragm

lungs Two large organs that exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide

diaphragm A large, dome-shaped muscle below the lungs that expands and compresses the lungs, enabling breathing

problems of the respiratory system
Problems of the Respiratory System

Tobacco smoke, chemicals, germs, and air pollution are all harmful to your health because they can damage the many parts of the respiratory system.

cancer
Cancer

Healthy Lung

Cancerous Lung

cancer1

MouthCancer

ThroatCancer

LungCancer

KidneyCancer

BladderCancer

Cancer

Smoking

cancer2
Cancer

SmokelessTobacco

MouthCancer

HeadCancer

NeckCancer

The smokeless tobacco user has a higher risk ofdeveloping cancer than a smoker does.

slide17

Chapter 8

Tobacco

Lesson 2

How Tobacco Affectsthe Body

Click for:

>> Main Menu

>> Chapter 8 Assessment

Next >>

Teacher’s notes are available in the notes section of this presentation.

slide18

alveoli

The tiny air sacs in the lungs

A disease that results in the destruction of thealveoli in the lungs

  • emphysema
slide19

In this lesson, you will be able to

  • identifythe harmful ingredients in tobacco smoke.
  • describehow tobacco affects the body.
  • applythe skill of advocacy to encourage someone to betobacco free.
facts about tobacco
Facts About Tobacco

4,000 HarmfulChemicals!

One puff of

tobacco smoke

=

In the United States, more than 400,000 people die every year from smoking-related illnesses.

what is in tobacco
What Is In Tobacco?

Tobacco products contain poisonous substances such as nicotine, tar, and carbon monoxide.

nicotine An addictive, or habit-forming, drug found in tobacco

tar A thick, dark liquid that forms when tobacco burns

carbon monoxide A colorless, odorless, poisonous gas produced when tobacco burns

what is in tobacco1
What Is In Tobacco?

Cyanide

Formaldehyde

Methyl Ethyl Ketone

Polonium 210

A deadly poisonfound in pestcontrol products.

A burning, stinging gas used as a preservativein laboratories.Causes nasalcancer.

Used in solvents.Harms the centralnervous system.

An element knownto cause cancer.

forms of tobacco
Forms of Tobacco

Cigarettes

Cigars and Pipes

Smokeless Tobacco

  • Filters do not keep out harmful chemicals.
  • Flavored cigarettes have more chemicals than non-flavored cigarettes.
  • Cigar smoke is more harmful than cigarette smoke.
  • Smokers of cigars and pipes are more likely to get mouth, tongue, or lip cancer than people who don’t smoke.
  • The two forms are chewing tobacco and snuff.
  • Nicotine is absorbed into the body through the digestive tract.
  • Smokeless tobacco is just as harmful and addictive as cigarettes.
do now
DO NOW
  • What are some healthy alternatives that will enable you to be drug-free?
  • Name at least 3 chemicals found in a puff of tobacco.
tobacco affects body systems
Tobacco Affects Body Systems

Some of the effects of using tobacco include:

  • Bad breath
  • Bad odor in hair and clothes
  • Increased heart rate
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Getting sick more often and longer
  • Decreased ability to run as far or as fast
respiratory system
Respiratory System

Breathing in tobacco smoke damages the alveoli, which can lead to emphysema.

alveoli The tiny air sacs in the lungs

emphysema A disease that results in the destruction of the alveoli in the lungs

digestive system
Digestive System

Smoking can lead to mouth and stomach ulcers, which are painful, open sores.

Smoking increases the chances that you will get cavities and gum disease.

nervous system
Nervous System

The brain adapts to nicotine by increasing the number of nicotine receptors.

This causes tobacco users to need more tobacco.

circulatory system
Circulatory System

As a person smokes, blood vessels constrict.

Over time, the blood vessels can harden, which can lead to heart attack, stroke, or coronary heart disease.

excretory system
Excretory System

Lungs

Blood

Kidneys

And Urine

SMOKECHEMICALS

Bladder damage andincreased risk ofcolorectal cancer

slide32

Chapter 8

Tobacco

Lesson 3

Tobacco Use and Teens

Click for:

>> Main Menu

>> Chapter 8 Assessment

Next >>

Teacher’s notes are available in the notes section of this presentation.

slide33

Essential Questions:

1.How does drug use affect your future?

2.What are the benefits of staying drug-free?

Enduring Understandings:

Students will understand thatalcohol has serious short and long term effects.

Students will understand thatthere are many healthy alternatives that will help them to stay drug-free.

slide34

An addiction in which the body develops a chemical need for a drug.

  • physical dependence

The unpleasant symptoms that someone experiences when he or she stops using an addictive substance

  • withdrawal
  • psychological dependence

A person’s belief that he or she needs a drug to feel good or function normally

A group of people for which a product is intended

  • target audience
slide35

In this lesson, students will be able to

  • identifyreasons why teens use tobacco.
  • explainhow a person can become addicted to nicotine.
  • describehow antismoking efforts are helping teens stay tobacco free.
  • applyaccessing-information skills to find health information on quitting tobacco use.
tobacco addiction
Tobacco Addiction

Tobacco contains nicotine. Nicotine causes addiction.

addiction A mental or physical need for a drug or other substance

Nicotine is as addictive as cocaine and heroin.

tobacco addiction1
Tobacco Addiction

Anyone who stops using nicotine goes through withdrawal.

withdrawal The unpleasant symptoms that someone experiences when he or she stops using an addictive substance

psychological dependence
Psychological Dependence

Psychological dependence on tobacco creates a need that outweighs the fear of tobacco’s effects.

psychological dependence A person’s belief that he or she needs a drug to feel good or function normally

physical dependence
Physical Dependence

Teens can develop a physical dependence on nicotine much more easily than adults can.

physical dependence An addiction in which the body develops a chemical need for a drug

physical dependence1
Physical Dependence

The body’s tolerance for nicotine increases over time.

tolerance The body’s need for larger and larger amounts of a drug to produce the same effect

tobacco advertising
Tobacco Advertising

Tobacco advertisements can strongly affect teens by making teens feel that it’s fun or cool to use tobacco.

targeting teens
Targeting Teens

Teens are a good target audience for tobacco companies.

target audience A group of people for which a product is intended

Tobacco companies want teens to become lifelong tobacco users.

targeting teens1
Targeting Teens

Media literacy can help teens understand the validity of messages that come from advertisers.

media literacy The ability to understand the goals of advertising and the media

targeting teens2
Targeting Teens

Tobacco companies try to inspire brand loyalty.

Brand loyalty is the attachment a person has to a certain brand of product.

targeting teens3
Targeting Teens

Advertisers use product placement to sell tobacco to teens.

product placement A paid arrangement a company has made to show its products in media such as television or film

targeting teens4
Targeting Teens

Advertisers use sporting events to target teens.

Tobacco companies sponsor sporting events knowing that teens will see their advertisements.

antismoking efforts
Antismoking Efforts

More and more teens want to stay healthy by avoiding tobacco use.

Thanks to antismoking efforts, most teens and adults are in favor of a tobacco-free society.

legal bans on tobacco ads
Legal Bans on Tobacco Ads
  • Tobacco companies are not allowed to place outdoor advertisements within 1,000 feet of schools and playgrounds.
  • Tobacco companies cannot make or sell hats, T-shirts, and other items.
  • Cigarette advertisements cannot appear on radio and television.
antismoking ad campaigns
Antismoking Ad Campaigns

Antismoking ad campaigns urge teens to avoid tobacco use.

Antismoking ad campaigns urge smokers to see the dangers of tobacco and to seek help quitting.

slide52

Chapter 8

Tobacco

Lesson 4

Tobacco Use and Society

Click for:

>> Main Menu

>> Chapter 8 Assessment

Next >>

Teacher’s notes are available in the notes section of this presentation.

slide53

passivesmoker

Nonsmokers who breathe in secondhand smoke

slide54

In this lesson, you will be able to

  • listthe effects of tobacco use on nonsmokers.
  • describethe consequences of passive smoking.
  • explainthe rights of nonsmokers.
  • accessreliable information about groups that help promote a tobacco-free lifestyle.
slide55

Finding the Main Idea

Take a look at the major headings in this lesson. For each heading, write one sentence that states the main idea.

Main Headings in this Lesson

  • Tobacco’s Effect on Nonsmokers
  • Rights of Nonsmokers
  • Hidden Costs to Society
tobacco s effects on nonsmokers
Tobacco’s Effects on Nonsmokers

When people smoke near you, you breath secondhand smoke.

secondhand smoke Air that has been contaminated by tobacco smoke

Secondhand smoke is also called environmental tobacco smoke (ETS).

tobacco s effects on nonsmokers1
Tobacco’s Effects on Nonsmokers

People who are around secondhand smoke are passive smokers.

passive smokers Nonsmokers who breathe in secondhand smoke

health hazards to adults children and unborn babies
Health Hazards to Adults, Children, and Unborn Babies

Each year, an estimated 53,000 people in the United States die as a result of passive smoking.

When children are exposed to secondhand smoke, they are more likely to have respiratory and other problems.

health hazards to adults children and unborn babies1
Health Hazards to Adults, Children, and Unborn Babies

Pregnant women who smoke have more miscarriages and stillbirths, as well as babies with low birth weight.

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome is linked to babies who had mothers who smoked during or after pregnancy.

rights of nonsmokers
Rights of Nonsmokers

You have the right to breathe air that is free of tobacco smoke.

You have the right to protect yourself from secondhand smoke.

legal restrictions on smoking
Legal Restrictions on Smoking
  • In 1989, smoking was outlawed on domestic airplane flights.
  • Nearly all states have laws that limit smoking.
  • Laws control how tobacco companies package and sell cigarettes.
    • Packages must have clear warning labels, or disclaimers
hidden costs to society
Hidden Costs to Society

Tobacco-related illnesses:

  • Lung cancer
  • Emphysema
  • Other types of cancer as well and lung problems.
slide63

Lesson 4 Review

What I Learned

VocabularyDefine sidestream smoke andmainstream smoke.

slide64

Lesson 4 Review

What I Learned

ExplainDescribe the effects smoking can have on anunborn baby.

slide65

Lesson 4 Review

What I Learned

IdentifyList some legal bans that the governmentplaces on tobacco.

slide66

Lesson 4 Review

What I Learned

ExplainWhy do tobacco users pay more for healthinsurance?

slide67

Lesson 4 Review

Thinking Critically

AnalyzeHow have the laws that were passed to protect people from secondhand smoke helped peopleto protect their health?

slide68

Lesson 4 Review

Thinking Critically

ApplyImagine that you are sitting in the nonsmokingsection of a restaurant. What would you do if the smokefrom the smoking section bothered you?

slide69

Chapter 9

Alcohol

Lesson 1

Alcohol Use and Abuse

Click for:

>> Main Menu

>> Chapter 9 Assessment

Next >>

Teacher’s notes are available in the notes section of this presentation.

do now1
Do Now
  • Name some negative consequences related to tobacco use.
  • Name at least 2 facts that you learned with the movie last class.
slide71

Essential Question:

Why do you think teens start using alcohol?

Enduring Understanding:

Students will understand that alcohol has serious short and long term effects.

slide72

A drug created by a chemical reaction in some foods, especially fruits and grains

  • alcohol
slide73

In this lesson, you will be able to

  • identifythe dangers of alcohol.
  • describethe short-term effects of alcohol use.
  • explainways that alcohol use can damage body systems.
  • applyaccessing-information skills to find facts about alcohol abuse.
alcohol what is it
Alcohol: What Is It?

Alcohol is an addictive drug.

alcohol A drug created by a chemical reaction in some foods, especially fruits and grains

Alcohol affects a person physically, mentally, emotionally, and socially.

forms of alcohol
Forms of Alcohol

Beer

Contains Ethanol, whichforms when the sugarsfrom fruits, grains, orvegetables arefermented with yeast

Wine

Liquor

the dangers of alcohol use
The Dangers of Alcohol Use

Alcohol is a depressant, a drug that can slow down the activity of the brain and nervous system.

how bad is alcohol
How Bad Is Alcohol?

Judgment

gets worse

Loss of control

of motor skills

Increased chanceof disease

how alcohol affects individuals
How Alcohol Affects Individuals

Some people can drink more alcohol than others before they become intoxicated.

intoxicated Being drunk

A person is intoxicated when he or she feels the effects of drinking alcohol.

how alcohol affects individuals1
How Alcohol Affects Individuals

Blood Alcohol Concentration: The amount of alcohol in the blood

In most states, a person is legally intoxicated when the BAC is greater than 0.08 percent.

draw the diagram below

Body Organ

Immediate Effects Long Effects

Draw the diagram below.
long term effects of alcohol use
Long-Term Effects of Alcohol Use

Long-term effects of alcohol use include:

  • Cirrhosis
  • Ulcers
  • Fetal alcohol syndrome

cirrhosis The scarring and destruction of liver tissue

ulcers An open sore in the stomach lining

alcohol is addictive
Alcohol is Addictive

Over time, the need for alcohol may become so strong that a person may feel sick without it.

In a person who is addicted to alcohol, using alcohol becomes the most important part of his or her life.

alcohol abuse
Alcohol Abuse

Alcohol abuse can lead to a disease known as alcoholism.

alcohol abuse Using alcohol in ways that are unhealthy, illegal, or both

alcoholism A disease in which a person has a physical and psychological need for alcohol

alcoholism
Alcoholism

People suffering from alcoholism are known as alcoholics.

Alcoholics can help themselves by seeking proper medical help for their disease.

alcoholism1
Alcoholism

Alcoholics drink more and more alcohol to experience its effects.

To an alcoholic, alcohol may become more important than family, friends, and work.

substance abuse performance task 75 points
Substance Abuse /Performance Task (75 Points)
  • You are a journalist for your school’s newspaper. Your job is to write a newspaper-style article for your school newspaper about a particular illicit drug. Provide basic information about the drug and identify the frequency of use and reasons why students should avoid the substance.
slide90

Chapter 9

Alcohol

Lesson 3

Alcohol Use and Teens

Click for:

>> Main Menu

>> Chapter 9 Assessment

Next >>

Teacher’s notes are available in the notes section of this presentation.

slide91

Essential Questions:

How does alcohol use affect your future?

What are the benefits of staying alcohol-free?

Enduring Understandings:

Students will understand thatalcohol has serious short and long term effects.

Students will understand thatthere are many healthy alternatives that will help them to stay drug-free.

slide92

TRUE OR FALSE

Some of the main symptoms of alcohol withdrawal are feeling nervous, shakiness, irritability, depression, and also black-outs.

slide93

Withdrawal: it is a series of painful physical and emotional symptoms associated with recovery from an addictive substance.

slide94

In this lesson, you will be able to

  • describereasons why some teens may choose to use alcohol.
  • explainwhy alcohol is harmful to teens.
  • demonstratepositive ways to handle difficult emotions.
slide95

In this lesson, you will be able to

  • describereasons why some teens may choose to use alcohol.
  • explainwhy alcohol is harmful to teens.
  • demonstratepositive ways to handle difficult emotions.
slide96

Let’s us think.

  • Why Do Some Teens Use Alcohol?
  • Why Is Alcohol Harmful to Teens?
why do some teens use alcohol

Curiosity

They think it willmake thempopular

They think it willmake them morerelaxed

They think it willmake them moreadult

They seek relieffrom painful orconfusing emotions

Why Do Some Teens Use Alcohol?
alcohol in the media
Alcohol in the Media

In television commercials or movies, using alcohol is often made to look fun and exciting.

peer pressure
Peer Pressure

Some teens may choose to drink in order to fit in or to not be embarrassed in front of their friends.

peer pressure1
Peer Pressure

Binge drinking can cause breathing to stop, a dangerous lowering of heartbeat, and death.

binge drinking Having several drinks in a short period of time

why is alcohol harmful to teens
Why Is Alcohol Harmful to Teens?

Peer pressure

Damage tohealth

Alcohol

Strong emotions

Make handlingemotions and peer

pressure harder

teens are still growing
Teens Are Still Growing

When teens use alcohol, their bodies and brains do not develop properly.

They also run the risk of damaging their nervous systems.

alcohol can affect emotions
Alcohol Can Affect Emotions

Alcohol can not solve the problem of emotional swings, boredom, sadness, or other emotions.

Because alcohol will cause more problems, it is better to talk to an adult they trust and find effective strategies for managing stress.

underage drinking is illegal
Underage Drinking Is Illegal

It is illegal for a minor to use alcohol.

minor A person under the age of adult rights and responsibilities

Minors found buying or having alcohol can be arrested and fined.

slide105

Chapter 9

Alcohol

Lesson 4

Alcohol Use andSociety

Click for:

>> Main Menu

>> Chapter 9 Assessment

Next >>

Teacher’s notes are available in the notes section of this presentation.

slide107

In this lesson, you will be able to

  • describehow alcohol may affect the user’s decisions.
  • explainhow using alcohol can affect a person’s relationships.
  • describehow using alcohol can lead to violence.
  • applydecision-making skills to help someone get help for alcohol abuse.
slide108

Predicting

Look at the headings in this lesson. Write a question that you think the lesson will answer. After reading, check to see if your question was answered.

Headings in this Lesson

  • Other Risks of Alcohol Use
  • Alcohol Use Affect Decisions
  • Driving Drunk
  • Alcohol Use Affects Relationships
  • Alcohol Use and the Family
  • Alcohol Use and Violence
other risks of alcohol use
Other Risks of Alcohol Use

Schoolwork

Decision-Making

Relationships

alcohol use affects decisions
Alcohol Use Affects Decisions

A person under the influence of alcohol might take risks that he or she would not normally take.

Students Against Destructive Decisions (SADD) promotes good decision making among teens.

driving drunk
Driving Drunk

Drinking and driving can result in a crash, which could result in serious injury or death.

A person who uses alcohol experiences a loss of coordination, concentration, and visual awareness.

alcohol use affects relationships
Alcohol Use Affects Relationships

Teens who use alcohol often find that they lose friends.

Because they push away the people in their lives, people who abuse alcohol may become very lonely.

alcohol use and the family
Alcohol Use and the Family

A whole family can suffer when one member abuses alcohol.

A teen who abuses alcohol cannot be counted on to give emotional support to family members who need it, or to keep promises.

alcohol use and violence
Alcohol Use and Violence

Mood swings caused by alcohol abuse can lead to violence.

violence An act of physical force resulting in injury or abuse

People who become violent when they’re using alcohol are often covering up difficult emotions.

slide115

Chapter 9

Alcohol

Lesson 5

Saying No to Alcohol Use

Click for:

>> Main Menu

>> Chapter 9 Assessment

Next >>

Teacher’s notes are available in the notes section of this presentation.

slide116

Strategies that help you say no effectively

  • refusal skills

A series of painful physical and mental symptoms associated with recovery from anaddictive substance

  • withdrawal
slide117

In this lesson, you will be able to

  • identifyreasons not to use alcohol.
  • listsome alternatives to drinking alcohol.
  • explainhow to get help for alcohol use.
  • applyrefusal skills to avoid alcohol use
slide118

Read

Look at the headings in this lesson. For each of the major headings, write one sentence that states the main idea.

Main Headings in this Lesson

  • Reasons to Refuse Alcohol
  • How to Say No to Alcohol Use
  • Getting Help for Alcohol Abuse
  • Healthy Alternatives
reasons to refuse alcohol

IncreasedSelf-Respect

HighSelf-Esteem

Good Friendships

Better Relationships with Your Family

Maintaining a High Level of Wellness

Control Over Your Life

A Bright Future

Reasons to Refuse Alcohol
how to say no to alcohol use
How to Say No to Alcohol Use

Use refusal skills to help you avoid situations where alcohol use is taking place.

refusal skills Strategies that help you say no effectively

how to say no to alcohol use1

Say no firmly.

S

Tell why not.

T

Offer another idea.

O

Promptly leave.

P

How to Say No to Alcohol Use
slide122

Respect

Choosing to be alcohol free shows that you respect yourself. Create a pledge list that lists your reasons for choosing to avoid alcohol. Sign and date your pledge.

getting help for alcohol abuse
Getting Help for Alcohol Abuse

Some alcoholics may not want to quit using alcohol because they are afraid of going through withdrawal.

withdrawal A series of painful physical and mental symptoms associated with recovery from an addictive substance

getting help for alcohol abuse1
Getting Help for Alcohol Abuse

Sources of help for yourself, a friend, or a family member who has an alcohol problem include:

  • Parent, teacher, religious leader, or school counselor
  • Support groups or alcohol treatment centers
healthy alternatives

Remember: Alcohol will never help you reach your goals.

Healthy Alternatives
  • Join a club or sports group at school.
  • Volunteer at a local organization, such as a food bank or animal shelter.
  • Start a hobby that you can share with your friends.
slide126

Chapter 10

Drugs

Lesson 1

Drug Use and Abuse

Click for:

>> Main Menu

>> Chapter 10 Assessment

Next >>

Teacher’s notes are available in the notes section of this presentation.

slide127

Essential Questions:

How does drug use affect your future?

Why do some teens experiment drugs even though they know drugs are harmful to their bodies?

Enduring Understandings:

Students will understand that there are many different types of drugs.

Students will understand that drugs cause serious short and long term effects.

slide128

True or False

85% of teens say they know where to get marijuana.

55% of teensknow how to get amphetamines.

29% of students say that someone has "offered, sold, or given them an illegal drug on school property."

slide130

A substance other than food that changes the structure or function of the body or mind

  • drug

Found on the shelves of local pharmacy or grocery stores

  • over-the-counter

Taking or using medicine in a way that is not intended

  • drug misuse

Intentionally using drugs in a way that isunhealthful or illegal

  • drug abuse
slide131

In this lesson, you will be able to

  • definedrug.
  • describedrug abuse.
  • identifyrisks associated with drug use.
  • applythe decision-making steps to make a healthful choice about taking medicine.
what is a drug
What Is a Drug?

Most teens know the risks involved with drug use.

drug A substance other than food that changes the structure of the body or mind

Most teens avoid drugs that are illegal or that are not given by their doctor.

drugs as medicine
Drugs as Medicine

Many drugs that prevent or cure illnesses or treat symptoms are available over-the-counter (OTC).

over-the-counter Found on the shelves of local pharmacy or grocery stores

Prescription medicines can be legally obtained only with a doctor’s written permission.

drug use
Drug Use

Even helpful medicines and pain relievers found at your local drugstore can be harmful if they are used incorrectly or without the permission of your doctor.

Combining medicines without a doctor’s permission can be very dangerous.

drug misuse and abuse
Drug Misuse and Abuse

Drug misuse may involve taking too much of a drug or taking a medication prescribed for someone else.

drug misuse Taking or using medicine in a way that is not intended

Misuse of drugs can lead to drug abuse.

drug abuse Intentionally using drugs in a way that is unhealthful or illegal

drug misuse and abuse1
Drug Misuse and Abuse

Fewer people are using illegal drugs.

More people are misusing prescription drugs.

slide138

Drug Use and Depression

Drug users may suffer fromdepression, a state of beingsad or having feelings ofhopelessness. This term comesfrom the Latin word deprimere, which means “to press down.”

slide139

Chapter 10

Drugs

Lesson 2

Types of Drugs andTheir Effects

Click for:

>> Main Menu

>> Chapter 10 Assessment

Next >>

Teacher’s notes are available in the notes section of this presentation.

slide140

The body’s need for larger and larger amounts of a drug to produce the same effect

  • tolerance
  • overdose

Taking more of a drug than the body can tolerate

  • stimulants

A drug that speeds up the body’s functions

Strong stimulant drugs that speed up the nervous system

  • amphetamines
slide141

Drugs that slow down the body’s functions and reactions, including heart and breathing rates

  • depressants

Illegal drugs that are found mostly in nightclubs or at all-night dance parties called raves

  • club drugs
  • narcotics

Drugs that get rid of pain and dull the senses

slide142

Drugs that slow down the body’s functions and reactions, including heart and breathing rates

  • hallucinogens

The vapors of chemicals that are sniffed orinhaled to get a “high”

  • inhalants
slide143

In this lesson, you will be able to

  • explainhow different drugs affect the body.
  • identifythe dangers of different drugs.
  • describethe effects of drugs on an unborn baby.
  • accessreliable information on drug use and pregnancy.
slide144

Predicting

Look over the main headings in this lesson. Write a question that you think the lesson will answer. After the lesson, check to see if your question was answered.

Main Headings in this Lesson

  • Drug Use and the Body
  • Types of Drugs
  • Inhalants
  • The Effects of Drugs on Unborn Babies
drug use and the body
Drug Use and the Body

When a person uses a drug over time, he or she can develop a tolerance to the drug.

tolerance The body’s need for larger and larger amounts of a drug to produce the same effect

drug use and the body1
Drug Use and the Body

People can overdose on a drug.

overdose Taking more of a drug than the body can handle

types of drugs

All types of drugs can be harmful to your physical,mental/emotional, and social health.

Types of Drugs

Stimulants

Depressants

Club Drugs

Narcotics

Hallucinogens

stimulants
Stimulants

When a stimulant wears off, the user often feels exhausted and irritable.

stimulant A drug that speeds up the body’s functions

Stimulants affect a person’s mental/emotional health by giving a false sense of energy, well-being, confidence, and power.

stimulants1
Stimulants

Amphetamines are also called speed.

amphetamines Strong stimulant drugs that speed up the nervous system

Examples of amphetamines include methamphetamine, cocaine, and crack.

depressants
Depressants

Depressants do the opposite of stimulants.

depressants Drugs that slow down the body’s functions and reactions, including heart and breathing rates

Depressants can affect a person mentally and emotionally by giving a false sense of well-being through reduced anxiety and relaxation.

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Depressants

Examples of depressants include tranquilizers, barbiturates, and alcohol.

Misuse and abuse of depressants can lead to coma or even death.

marijuana
Marijuana

Marijuana is also known as “pot” or “weed.”

For some people, marijuana is a stimulant. For others, it is a depressant.

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Marijuana

Long-term effects of marijuana use include:

  • Lung damage
  • Low testosterone levels in males
  • Sperm reduction in males
  • Irregular periods in females
club drugs
Club Drugs

Club drugs are often made in home laboratories and mixed with other harmful chemicals.

club drugs Illegal drugs that are found mostly in nightclubs or at all-night dances parties called raves

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Club Drugs

Ecstasy

Rohypnol

Ketamine

  • Also known as “X”
  • Increase heart rateand body temperature
  • Can damage organs
  • Can make a personfeel anxious andparanoid
  • Also known as thedate-rape drug or “roofies”
  • Causes a drop inblood pressure
  • Causes blackouts
  • Causes memory loss
  • Also known as “special K”
  • Is an anesthetic
  • Causes hallucinations
  • Causes memory loss
  • An overdose can cause a person to stop breathing
  • Causes death in manyteens who use it
narcotics
Narcotics

Narcotics are highly addictive drugs.

narcotics Drugs that get rid of pain and dull the senses

Morphine, codeine, and heroin are examples of narcotics.

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Narcotics

Hallucinogens cause people to become disoriented, confused, or less sensitive to pain.

hallucinogens Drugs that distort moods, thoughts, and senses

Hallucinogens may create imaginary images in the user’s mind.

inhalants
Inhalants

Inhalants cause extreme permanent damage to the brain.

inhalants The vapors of chemicals that are sniffed or inhaled to get a “high”

Most inhalants come from household products that are not meant to be taken into the body.

steroids
Steroids

Steroids are drugs that are either human hormones or similar to hormones found in the human body.

People who use steroids may have problems controlling their anger.

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Steroids

The effects of steroid use include:

  • Shrunken testicles in males
  • Deeper voices, excess facial hair, and a masculine-looking body for females
  • Increased risk of heart disease, high blood pressure, stroke, cancer, sterility, hair loss, severe acne, liver damage, kidney damage, and depression
the effects of drugs on unborn babies
The Effects of Drugs on Unborn Babies

Pregnant females who use drugs, alcohol, or tobacco often give birth to low-weight babies and babies with brain problems.

A pregnant female who shares needles with other heroin users risks infecting herself and her baby with HIV.