The Election of 1800 • Background: • By 1800 the US has 16 states and several more territories (not represented in Congress) • The population has diversified • Industry and powerful banks have expanded in New England and Mid-Atlantic states • Farming and small business has grown in the southern and western states
The Election of 1800 • Problems of the new nation • Britain has violated the terms of the Treaty (of whosits?) which ended the Revolutionary War. • The US and France are having some difficulty with each other, including undeclared war • Congress has passed the Alien and Sedition Acts, which were unconstitutional, racist, and mean like woah • Slave rebellions, especially in VA were shaking the white, wealthy social order • Parts of the country were beginning to speak of their own independence
The Election of 1800 • The emergence of two strong political parties • Federalists were led by (you tell me who) • President John Adams and Alexander Hamilton • Feds supported industry, trade, and banking • Favored Great Britain in diplomacy • Democratic-Republicans (Jeffersonians) were led by (the name is probably a give away) Thomas Jefferson • Dem-Reps support small farmers and tradespeople, especially rural, agrarian folks, like some of us and our neighbors • Favored France in dimplomacy (who was Frances second Ambassador? Why was he sent there?)
John Adams From the National Gallery Hey, Adams, is that a frohawk? Aaron Burr Alexander Hamilton Thomas Jefferson
The Election of 1800 • Differences between the two parties • Refresh my memory from yesterday. What were the differences? • Feds favor strong central gov’t with power over the states and limiting participation of common folks • Dem-Reps favor more control of states and individuals and common folks having participatory roles in the gov’t.
The Election of 1800 • Negative feelings between the two parties • Each party greatly distrusts the other • Both sides believe the other will destroy the young fragile country • Feds believe Dem-Reps support a revolution • Dem-Reps believe Feds want to establish a Monarchy
The Election of 1800 Election Results: Fed. John Adams 65 electoral votes Dem-Rep Thomas Jefferson 73 electoral votes Dem-Rep Aaron Burr 73 electoral votes THUNDERDOME! Or a tie-breaker, which took 36 separate ballots for someone to change their vote from Burr to Jefferson. Jefferson WINS!
The Election of 1800 • The importance of the election of 1800 • Power is transferred peacefully • There is a pattern for future elections • Citizens (kind of) can select their government • The deadlock of the election led to the 12th amendment (Jefferson’s face on money goes to the person who can tell us what that amendment says)