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ELECTION OF 1800 PowerPoint Presentation
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ELECTION OF 1800

ELECTION OF 1800

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ELECTION OF 1800

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  1. There is nothing more tragic than watching beautiful theories being assaulted by gangs of ugly facts - Ben Franklin (date?)

  2. ELECTION OF 1800 • Jefferson defeats Adams in the Electoral College 73-65. • Problem: Jefferson & Burr received 73 votes each and both were Democratic-Republicans • Therefore election decided by House of Representatives

  3. AARON BURR • Aaron Burr (1756-1836) • Fought with the continental Army in the Revolutionary war. • A practicing lawyer in New York City against Hamilton • Vice President of the United States (1801-1805) – attempts to grab Presidency from Thos. Jefferson • Kills Alexander Hamilton in a duel • Involved in the Burr Conspiracy (Treason)

  4. REVOLUTION OF 1800 John S. Adams Thomas Jefferson Federalist Democratic/Republican • Significance of Election of 1800 • peaceful transfer of power from one political party to another • “revolutionary” achievement

  5. Jeffersonian democracy JEFFERSONIAN DEMOCRACY • Many historians look at this time period as the beginning of the true democracy. • Champion for the common man • Believed education would prepare them for participation in government….. • For now, educated should rule… • Believed National Government became too powerful during Adam’s Presidency • Kept most Federalist programs. WHY? • Washington/Adams laid a solid foundation for USA. • Pardoned those arrested with Sedition Act • Repealed the Whiskey tax • Kept Hamilton’s financial policies—BUS • Eliminated Alien Act

  6. “Slavery is like holding a wolf by the ears. You don’t like it, but you don’t dare let it go” - Thomas Jefferson

  7. Notes1 JEFFERSON'S PRESIDENCY • 3. Marbury vs. Madison, 1803 • Midnight appointments of Adams. • Chief Justice John Marshall • Judicial Review • Power of Supreme Court to declare a law unconstitutional

  8. Notes2 • 2. Jefferson’s Achievements: • Secured westward expansion • Louisiana Purchase

  9. Spanish Land 1800 • Great Britain after the Revolution. • United States after War • Spanish land after Revolution New Orleans

  10. French Land in 1801 • Great Britain after the Revolution. • United States after War • Spanish land New Orleans

  11. LOUISIANA PURCHASE • 1800, France acquired Spanish Louisiana & New Orleans • Because of pressure from the westand national security threats, Jefferson offered to buy New Orleans from France • Offered Napoleon $10 million to buy New Orleans • If sale fails, instructed to seek alliance with England

  12. French Land in 1801 • Great Britain after the Revolution. • United States after War • Spanish land New Orleans

  13. LOUISIANA PURCHASE Louisiana purchase • Since Napoleon was at war with Great Britain he offered entire Louisiana Territory to US for $15 million • Needed the money for his war with Great Britain • Jefferson purchased Louisiana Territory for $15 million, about 3 cents an acre • Doubled the size of the US • Jefferson’s greatest accomplishment • Why? Didn’t fight a war, no blood shed.