Chapter 10.5 Election of 1800 • With John Adams threatening American civil liberties with the Alien and Sedition Acts • It’s time for another election… • Who is the public going to pick this time?
Election of 1800 • Federalists • John Adams • 1st sitting president who had to seriously campaign to keep his job • Charles Pinckney • Picked because of success from XYZ Affair • Democratic –Republican • Thomas Jefferson • VP who really wants to be POTUS • Aaron Burr • Popular politician within Democratic –Republican party
Election of 1800 Breakdown • Thomas Jefferson - 73 electoral votes • Aaron Burr - 73 electoral votes • John Adams - 65 electoral votes • Problem: • If there is a tie for 1st, who wins? • Who becomes VPOTUS? • It goes to the House of Representatives to pick from the top 2 candidates!
In the case of a tie…House of Representatives picks the new POTUS • In the H of Reps • Most of the majority political party is the Federalists: • They refuse to vote for TJ • They pick Burr just because they hate Thomas Jefferson • The Democratic-Republican’s make up the rest • They vote for Jefferson • What happens? • It’s a tie vote 30 straight times… • Then, it gets weird….
Enter Alexander Hamilton • Because he hated Aaron Burr so much… • He got the Federalists to not vote at all • That way Jefferson could win! • Becomes 3rd POTUS • Aaron Burr is furious • He becomes VPOTUS • Because of this…. • Aaron Burr and Hamilton will be lifelong enemies… • Until one shoots the other.
The U.S. Constitution gets a new amendment • 12th amendment • Added in 1803 • Created 2 ballots for presidential elections: • 1 for POTUS • 1 for VPOTUS • That way there can never be a tie again….we hope.
So what happens after the election of 1800… • Thomas Jefferson is excited!!! • Gets to become next POTUS • John Adams is very disappointed he took 3rd. • Goes home to Massachusetts to retire. • Was happy that the power of the POTUS passed freely to another political party • Showed that our government was strong enough to endure. • Aaron Burr and Alex Hamilton? • It takes 4 years, but • It’s time to duel it out…
According to historians… this is what happened. • http://www.thedailyshow.com/watch/wed-july-14-2004/sarah-vowell
The Duel at Dawn…July 11, 1804 • Aaron Burr challenges Hamilton to the duel • They are to meet in New Jersey • Rules of duel: • They will march off 10 paces • They will turn and present arms • On command, they will fire at each other • If they both miss, you repeat…
The Death of Alexander Hamilton • Hamilton shoots the tree next to Burr • Burr shoots Hamilton in the chest • He dies the next day • With his death and John Adams retirement • The Federalist party ends.
The Life of Alexander Hamilton…in poem. • http://www.mrbach.net/documents/multimedia_2.html
That’s it…we’re done. • Study for your test!!!