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The Santa Maria Fire and its Aftermath Real Change or Lost Opportunity?. Marcelo Lima – FM Global EFSN - Fire Sprinkler International 2014. Brazilian Sprinkler Institute. FM Global. ABNT - National Association of Technical Standards. IPT – Fire Laboratory. Allianz.

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The santa maria fire and its aftermath real change or lost opportunity

The Santa Maria Fire and its AftermathReal Change or Lost Opportunity?

Marcelo Lima – FM Global

EFSN - Fire Sprinkler International 2014


The santa maria fire and its aftermath real change or lost opportunity

Brazilian Sprinkler Institute

FM Global

ABNT - NationalAssociationofTechnical Standards

IPT – Fire Laboratory

Allianz

CollegeofArchitecture – São Paulo University

CollegeofEngineering – Pernambuco University

Brazilian Sprinkler Association

São Paulo Fire Service (honorarymember)

www.sprinklerbrasil.org.br


The santa maria fire and its aftermath real change or lost opportunity

Rio de Janeiro

São Paulo

Santa Maria

  • Federation: 26 states and one federal district

  • Fire legislation – state – 27 different fire codes

  • Fire protection standards – national


Kiss nightclub
Kiss Nightclub

  • Occupancy

    • Storage (1950’s)

    • Classrooms (2003)

    • Nightclub (2010)

  • Area: 638 m2

  • Max number of occupants: 700

  • Revamp in 2012 – polyurethane insulation

  • Source: O Globo - http://oglobo.globo.com/infograficos/incendio-boate-santamaria-2013/


    The santa maria fire and its aftermath real change or lost opportunity

    Source: TV Globo - Fantástico


    The santa maria fire and its aftermath real change or lost opportunity

    Source: TV Globo - Fantástico


    The santa maria fire and its aftermath real change or lost opportunity

    Source: TV Globo - Fantástico


    The santa maria fire
    The Santa Maria Fire

    Source: O Globo - http://oglobo.globo.com/infograficos/incendio-boate-santamaria-2013/



    The santa maria fire and its aftermath real change or lost opportunity

    Popular reaction

    Whose fault is it?


    The santa maria fire and its aftermath real change or lost opportunity

    Troubling quotes

    “Sprinklers shouldn’t be used in these situations because floors become slippery…”

    Fire Protection Expert

    President, SOBES

    “The code is good, it needs better enforcement”

    Geraldo Alckmin

    Governor, São Paulo state

    “In developed countries, smokecontrol systems are essential. Thispreventive approach is often superior to automatic sprinklers”

    CREA/RS report




    The santa maria fire and its aftermath real change or lost opportunity

    What Now?

    • Federal HouseofRepresentatives – PL 2020

    • Rio Grande do Sul state – New Fire Code

    • National Fire Code


    The santa maria fire and its aftermath real change or lost opportunity

    Federal House of Representatives – “Kiss Nightclub Bill”

    • ApprovedbytheHouse in April/2014

    • Anyoccupancywith more than 100 occupants

    • Fire department

      • Mandatory fire department approval prior to emission of license

      • Cities without fire departments – municipality’s responsibility

    • Fire sprinklers

      • Sprinklers considered a priority in theapprovalprocess

    • Education

      • Fire protection discipline requiredonallEngineeringandArchitecturecourses


    The santa maria fire and its aftermath real change or lost opportunity

    Federal House of Representatives – “Kiss Bill” Bill”

    • Accountability

      • It is a crime not meeting firedepartmentrequirements, independentlyoftheeventof a fire (6 months to 2 years)

      • Mayorandfiredepartmentchiefcanbechargedwith “improperadministrativeconduct”

    • Fire Data Base

      • Mandatesthecreationof a federal urbanfires data base

    • Endof “comanda” system

    • Consumerlaw

      • Consumerlawcanbeapplied in case ofovercrowdingofpublicvenues


    The santa maria fire and its aftermath real change or lost opportunity

    Goiás Bill”

    Review of fire code

    Bahia

    First state fire code

    Minas Gerais

    Major review of fire code

    Rio de Janeiro

    São Paulo

    Rio

    Review of 1976 fire code

    Rio Grande do Sul

    Complete revision of fire code + legal responsibilities

    Santa Maria

    Santa Catarina

    Review of 1976 fire code


    The santa maria fire and its aftermath real change or lost opportunity

    • National Bill” Fire Code

      • Attempttocreate a nationalfirecode

      • Basedon Sao Paulo statefirecode

      • Commissioncomposedby 27 firedepartments and civil organizations

      • Notmandatory – modelcode concept



    The santa maria fire and its aftermath real change or lost opportunity

    Intangibles Bill”

    • Availability of regulatorstodiscussfireprotection

    • Fire sprinklers and firehoses in theofficialBraziliancertificationprogram

    • Fire protectionbecoming a more familiar concept

    • Fire reportingincreasedby factor of 4

    • ABNT fireprotectionstandards

    • Marketorganization



    Thank you
    Thank you Bill”

    Marcelo Lima

    marcelo.lima@fmglobal.com