MARIA MONTESSORI. She was born in Chiaravalle , Ancona , Italy on August 31, 1870. In 1875 Maria moves with her family to Rome. In 1882 Maria goes to a boys’ secondary school in order to study mathematics .
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In 1896, she gave a lecture at the Educational Congress in Torino about the training of the disable.
The most important components of the Montessori Method are self motivation and auto education.
Montessori education is characterized by an emphasis on independence, freedom without restriction, and respect for a child´s natural psychological development, as well as technological advancement in society.
Acquisition of language, from birth to around six years old
Order - from around one to three years old
Sensory reinforcement- from birth to around four years old
Interest in small objects- from around 18 months to three years old
Social behavior- from around two and a half to four years old
Normalization: finally, Montessori observed in children from three to six years old a psychological states she termed normalization
- physical (loss of baby teeth) and psychological (tendency to work and socialize
She believed the work of this plane child is the formation of intellectual independence, of moral sense, and of social organization.
Sheemphasizedthedifficulties in concentration
Shebelievedthework of thisplanethatchildistheconstruction of theadultself in society.
Shedidnotdevelop a program .
Montessori believed that it is necessary for the teacher to guide the child without letting him feel her presence too much.