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Introduction to Ideologies. Social Studies 30-1. What Type of Society Did you Create?. Will “what’s best for the group” decide everything? Will the people have unlimited access to the resources of the area? Will those who work the hardest get the most?

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introduction to ideologies

Introduction to Ideologies

Social Studies 30-1

what type of society did you create
What Type of Society Did you Create?
  • Will “what’s best for the group” decide everything?
  • Will the people have unlimited access to the resources of the area?
  • Will those who work the hardest get the most?
  • Will there be an attempt to try to “save everyone”
  • Will there be an expectation for all able-bodied citizens to contribute to society?
your ideology your views
Your Ideology – Your Views
  • Your Ideology is your interpretation of human nature, the environment, society, and the role of beliefs and values.
  • At the core of this is a struggle between embracing “collectivism” or “individualism”
  • Time for some… NOTES!!
collectivism vs individualism
Collectivism vs. Individualism

Individualism:

  • Those who claim that people should be primarily concerned with satisfying their own personal interests and goals.
  • Individualism also emphasizes the notion that persons should act on their own to accomplish their goals (self interest).
  • People are motivated to satisfy personal goals
  • People act on their own to satisfy their own goals
  • Belief that society’s welfare is provided for when individuals assume responsibility for themselves
  • Government plays a limited role – Adam Smith called for ‘laissez faire’
  • Personal initiative, profit motive and self interest are individualist
collectivism vs individualism1
Collectivism vs. Individualism

Collectivism:

  • Those who believe that the goals of society should be emphasized.
  • Collectivists believe that people function best by acting as part of a larger group. Collectivists are concerned about providing security for all people.
  • Emphasis is put on society’s goals
  • People are held to function best as part of a group
  • Provision should be made for the security of all individuals
  • People are seen as needing help
  • Society’s resources should be coordinated collectively
  • Gov’t plays an extensive role, acting on behalf of the people
  • Karl Marx contributed to the collective ideologies of socialism and communism
  • Collectivists emphasis equality or egalitarianism
slide7

WHERE ARE WE?

Complete state control

No individual freedom

Collectivism

Equality

Egalitarianism

Individualism

Self-interest

Profit-motive

Complete individual freedom

Anarchy

slide8

U.S. PRESIDENTIAL

ELECTION 2008

Complete state control

No individual freedom

Collectivism

Egalitarianism

Individualism

Self-interest

Profit-motive

Complete individual freedom

Anarchy

slide9

YOUR PERSONAL VISUAL

MET APHOR

OF YOUR IDEOLOGY

YOU NEED TO INCLUDE:

  • A clear explanation of your IDEOLOGY at the bottom of the page
  • A clear connection was made between your ideology and your image
  • An obvious attempt was made to create a single colour image/visual metaphor
  • Various QUOTES and ideas that reflect your ideology encompass your image
to what extent should we embrace an ideology
To what extent should we embrace an ideology?

To what extent should we embrace an ideology?

slide12

What do we mean by embrace?

Consider:

  • It was extremists who carried out 911 attacks.
  • Holocaust Jews who died rather than renounce their faith.

We should not embrace any ideology, instead following that which best suits our needs at the time.

We should embrace one ideology and follow /defend it with blind faith, to the death

We should embrace many characteristics of an ideology, yet embrace some aspects of others.

  • Consider:
  • Support corporate exploitation of labour, yet partake in charity work to help those in need.
  • Blast the corporate world, yet shop at Walmart so you can feed your family.
  • Consider:
  • Vote for the party that best suits our own needs and the needs of the nation at that time.
  • Demand less government involvement in order to exploit citizens for profit in good times, then beg for government bailouts when times are bad.
who are you
Who Are You?
  • Pg 25, a metaphor of a tree is used to illustrate the First Nations Holistic approach to education.
  • Pg 28-50, elements related to establishing one’s ideology are discussed.
  • Read through, and take notes on the following:
    • What is your view of: family, gender, spirituality, the environment and your relationship with the land, language, the role of media and government in society, and humanity in general.
    • Create a visual metaphor (when your notes are done)
    • Place some of your main beliefs around the image

Put your name of the back

should an ideology be embraced
Should an ideology be embraced?
  • Humans can learn to like anything, that’s why we are such a successful species. You can drop humans anywhere and they’ll thrive—only the rat does as well.
      • —Jeannette Desor
  • An individual has not started living until he can rise above the narrow confines of his individualistic concerns to the broader concerns of all humanity.
      • —Martin Luther King Jr.
should an ideology be embraced1
Should an ideology be embraced?
  • It has been said that man is a rational animal. All my life I have been searching for evidence of this.
      • —Bertrand Russell
  • Man is a goal-seeking animal. His life only has meaning if he is reaching out and striving for his goals.
      • —Aristotle
  • The belief in a supernatural source of evil is not necessary; men alone are quite capable of every wickedness.
      • —Joseph Conrad
slide18
“1984”

FUTURETHINK

  • George Orwell recorded his haunting vision of a totalitarian world in his novel “1984” (pg 7 & 8 of your text). The gov’t known as “BIG BROTHER” controlled everything.
  • Citizens could not have an independent thought against the ruling party’s ideology, known as “Big Brother”.
            • Independent thought = THOUGHTCRIME.
  • Monitors & cameras recorded everyone’s every move.
  • 2+2=5
    • Orwell's protagonist, Winston Smith, uses it to consider the possibility that if the State might declare "two plus two makes five" as a fact; and that if everybody believes in it, does that make it true?
slide19

Doublethink: a kind of manipulation of the mind. Generally one could say that Doublethink makes people accept contradictions, and it makes them also believe that the party is the only institution that distinguishes between right and wrong.

    • The Ministry of Truth is in charge of changing history books to reflect the Party’s ideology. Winston Smith works at Minitrue.
    • The Ministry of Peace is in charge of waging war.
    • The Ministry of Love is in charge of political torture.
  • People and events could be written out of history, as though they never existed. (Unperson) Not only did the government control the future, they controlled the past.
    • Orwell stated that this idea scared him much more than bombs.
  • The plot is driven by Winston Stanley’s struggle to fulfill his collective duty, while hiding his rebellious ideals from Big Brother (Thoughtcrimes).
                  • Freedom is the right to say “2+2=4”
slide20

In 2004 it was estimated that the United Kingdom was monitored by over four million CCTV cameras, some with a facial recognition capacity, with practically all town centres under surveillance.

Currently, in the City of Westminster, microphones are being fitted next to CCTV cameras. Westminster council claims that they are simply part of an initiative against urban noise, and will not "be used to snoop"