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Imperialism in India

Imperialism in India

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Imperialism in India

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  1. Imperialism in India Global II: Spiconardi

  2. East India Company • East India Company British trading company that controlled 3/5 of India without government interference • Used raw materials from India for industrial factories in England

  3. India was viewed as Britain’s most valuable colony 300 million people (That’s a huge market) Vast natural resources Jute Wheat Tea Cotton Opium Indians were forced to by British goods Could not buy goods made in their own country (i.e. shirts) Jewel in the Crown

  4. Benefits (Positives) Detriments (Negatives) Impact of British Imperialism

  5. Sepoy Rebellion/Mutiny • East India Company is in financially difficulty • Need to expand revenue, so they expanded territory in India • Annexed 80,000 square miles of land, which included 4.5 million people • In order to keep control of this new territory, establish an army of 200,000 soldiers comprise of Indians • These soldiers are known as the Sepoys

  6. Sepoy Rebellion/Mutiny • Divide & Conquer • Sepoy soldiers were angry that they were policing their fellow Indians • Indians felt betrayed by Sepoy working for the British • Believed the British were turning Indians against one another

  7. Sepoy Rebellion/Mutiny • Torture • Karl Marx writes in article in The New York Daily Tribune stating the British government allowed British officers a series of appeals if accused of torture • Most didn’t face the penalty for their crimes

  8. Sepoy Rebellion/Mutiny • Taxation • The East India company levied heavy taxes on the people of India • The Land Tax • Paid 3 shillings for every acre of land • An acre, on average, produced, 8 shillings worth of crops

  9. Sepoy Rebellion/Mutiny • Religion • Most of India is comprised of Hindus and Muslims • Rumors spread that the new bullet cartridges are sealed with beef & pork fat • Pork is a forbidden substance to Muslims • Eating beef is “bad luck” for Hindus • British made the Hindu practice of suttee illegal

  10. Sepoy Rebellion/Mutiny • The Insurgency • May 9, 1857 • Several sepoys refuse to use their cartridges • Imprisoned & sentenced to 10 years hard labor • Ridiculed by fellow Indians during march to prison • May 10, 1857 • Members of the other sepoy brigades broke rank and turned on their officers • Rumors circulate that sepoys were massacring Christians

  11. Insurgency British send in troops to put down mutiny British violently attack Indian civilians Legacy After 1 year of fighting Sepoys are unsuccessful Hindus and Muslims did not get along Britain takes complete control of India (End of Mughal rule in India) Sepoy Rebellion/Mutiny

  12. Sepoy Rebellion/Mutiny • The Retaliation • Rebels punished using cruel methods