Imperialism in India SS 9 Ms. Rebecca
Imperialism • The Process of one people ruling or controlling another http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4f/Clive.jpg/300px-Clive.jpg
Do Now: • Why would countries In Europe want to go to Asia and Africa to conquer land? http://www.drben.net/files/China/ChinaMaps-ALL/Historic_Maps/Colonization-CutBB-AT.jpg
Check for understanding • Get out the questions you had to answer at the end of the last class: • Why did Europeans want to rule Africa? • What did Europeans think about imperialism? • What did Africans think about imperialism? • How did the Industrial Revolution lead to imperialism? List at least 2 things that happened during the Industrial Revolution that led to imperialism.
How was it possible for European countries to take over? • 1. New Technologies like: • - Better weapons • -African and Asian weapon makers couldn’t compete http://www.jnanam.net/shastra/bhaarata%20shastra%20title%20(urdu%20tiger%20hunt).jpg
How was it possible for European countries to take over? • 2. Weakening Empires in • -India • -China • Because these empires were weak, European armies could just walk in and take over.
Empire: • 1. a group of countries under the rule of a single person or sovereign state • British Empire in 1897 http://www.thefreedictionary.com/empire
Today • We’ll talk about India!
British East India Company • A. First Imperialism in India was NOT done by British government! http://www.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/gallery/East-West/images/India_04_obv.gif
Imperialism in India started with a trading company • The British East India Company: • The company was started to control trade between Britain, India, and East Asia. • VERY POWERFUL! http://eiu.edu/~cfnek/syllabi/3555/British_empire_color.jpg
II. A Little Background History of India • Mughal Empire (government in India) broke apart into small states in the mid-1700s with one ruler for each state. http://bp1.blogger.com/_UR6_hWgyQjQ/R1cjYbmfZ7I/AAAAAAAAADM/JCXLNo6WO9M/s400/Bundela_campaign.jpg
A. What did the British do about this? • i. They told each ruler that they should have British support to keep their throne and power. http://www.edunetconnect.com/cat/timemachine/images/british.gif
What did the British do about this? • ii. British convinced Indian rulers of different states to compete with each other and not work together. Created chaos and disorganization between states.
What did the British do about this? • iii. Britain could just come in with armies and take over with the “excuse” of “helping” to bring order to India. • Britain was the Mother Country to “help raise” the child: India • Really the British were one of the biggest causes of the chaos!
III. How did the British East India Company change India? • 1. New Education system • Teach English http://images.exoticindiaart.com/books/education_in_india_idk265.jpg
How did the British East India Company change India? • 2. New Laws: banned some customs like “Sati”- widows killing themselves by jumping into their husband’s funeral fire. http://images.google.co.th/imgres?imgurl=http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/empire/g2/cs4/images/g2cs4s1.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/empire/g2/cs4/g2cs4s1.htm&h=358&w=600&sz=58&hl=en&start=8&usg=__SHqaROPAnlLgDq66oreMGe9mEMM=&tbnid=PKM7QPW7iHB7KM:&tbnh=81&tbnw=135&prev=/images%3Fq%3D%2522Sati%2522%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Den
What do you think? • Should the British have made a law against a custom like “sati”?
How did the British East India Company change India? • 3. Religion: Christian Missionaries came to spread their beliefs in India. http://www.hinduyuva.org/tattva-blog/wp-content/uploads/2008/02/harvesting_souls_of_india.jpg
IV. How did Indians feel about the changes made to their country by the British? • What do you think?
How did Indians feel about the changes made to their country by the British? • A. Some felt that the British were destroying their society. http://www.psywarrior.com/India6AxisProp.jpg
How did Indians feel about the changes made to their country by the British? • So what did the upset Indians do?
How did Indians feel about the changes made to their country by the British? • 1. The Sepoy Mutiny 1857 http://www.worldproutassembly.org/images/daly_sepoy_mutiny_1857.jpg
How did Indians feel about the changes made to their country by the British? • Sepoy: Indian soldiers who fought in the British army http://www.psywarrior.com/IndiaTroopwLeaflet.jpg
How did Indians feel about the changes made to their country by the British? • What happened? • British didn’t respect Hindu or Muslim culture http://www.asavari.org/images/lahengas.JPG
According to Hindu and Muslim religion there are rules about eating Pork or Beef http://rhymeswithright.mu.nu/archives/images/Islamic%20Outrage%20Pig.jpg http://img.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2007/04_03/SacredCowES_468x521.jpg
But the new British guns required soldiers to bite ammunition capsules greased with pork and beef fat.
ii. What did the Sepoys do? • The refused to use the British guns because it was against their religion • They were punished
Others heard and were furious! • Started a revolt and fought the British army (that they used to fight FOR) • Brutal: Some even killed British women and children
British equally mean • -some British soldiers strapped Indians to cannons so they couldn’t easily escape and then shot them.
Also • Villages that were thought to be helping the Sepoys were completely burned down.
2 YEARS OF FIGHTING! http://www.36regimentra.org.uk/11a2863a0.jpg
iii. Results • The British didn’t want any more conflict so they took the British East India Company OUT of India http://www.funnybeez.com/funnypictures/goodbye-cruel-world.jpg
iii. Results • British GOVERNMENT began to rule India directly. • But the Indians still didn’t trust the British http://www.britishbattles.com/second-afghan-war/ali-masjid/45th-sikhs.jpg
India=Britains most important colony • Called the Jewel in the crown http://www.royalexhibitions.co.uk/images/Crown-Jewels/ici.jpg
Why was India so important to Britain? • Political Rewards • Financial Rewards (Make money by selling in India AND by getting goods from India to trade) • National Pride (I’m so awesome I can take over India!)
BUT for the Indians, British rule was: • Frustrating • Humiliating • Led to Nationalism: Pride in one’s own country (Indians began to take more pride in their own “Indian” culture) Wanted to defend their own culture.
How would you feel if your country was taken over by the British? • Write for 5 min about it
How did the British Rule? • ICS:(Indian Civil Service) Government agency that ran India. • Mostly British people • Made educated Indians frustrated because they wanted a say in their own government!
How did British Officials feel? • Thought they were better than the Indians • Racist http://graphics8.nytimes.com/images/2008/04/28/business/28cartoon-enlarge.jpg
How did British Officials feel? • They lived in separate neighborhoods and belonged to private clubs away from Indians http://homepage.eircom.net/~lawe/IMAGES/FORCLUB18.jpg
How did British Officials feel? • Said they were doing good. • They improved Indians’ lives http://www.cartoonstock.com/lowres/csl0279l.jpg
Changes in India that were “good” • English spread • New Government helped “organize” India http://www.bharat-rakshak.com/ARMY/Images/0380.jpg
New Educational system (British=better) • Transportation (railroad) and built roads • British built: Dams, and hospitals http://embarqblog.wri.org/wp-content/uploads/2007/10/india-train.jpg
Railroad • British built a HUGE network of railroads to help move troops and products. • By 1910 4th biggest railroad network IN THE WORLD!
Why Bad for Indian business • Britain could make cloth cheaper because of the Industrial Revolution and Indian cloth makers made cloth by hand. They couldn’t compete.
Nationalism • Love of your own country http://maddiejane.nomadlife.org/uploaded_images/IMG_2388-756059.jpg
Rise of Indian Nationalism • Many Indians were upset about the changes that were made to their country by the British.
Rise of Indian Nationalism • Middle class educated Indians were upset because they weren’t participating in government.
Rise of Indian Nationalism • Ironic: Because Indians were inspired to fight for rights that the BRITISH had. • They learned about rights FROM the people who were taking their rights away! Magna Carta-Peoples’ rights in Britain http://img.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2007/09_04/MagnaCarteG_468x578.jpg
Rise of Indian Nationalism • Indians wanted rights like: • Freedom of Speech • Freedom of Religion • Representation in government