British Imperialism in India. Topic three. Terms (textbook definition). Sepoy: An Indian solider serving under British command.
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NEGATIVE SIDE F BRITISH COLONIALISM:
The British government held most of the political and economic power in India, restricting Indian-owned industries like the cotton textiles. The British emphasis on growing cash crops resulted in a loss of self-sufficiency for many citizens. This stress on cash crop production reduced food production, finally causing famines in the 1800s. Missionaries and the hands-off policy the British adopted began to threaten the Indian’s way of traditional life.
POSITIVE SIDE OF BRITISH COLONIALISM:
the laying of the world’s third largest railroad
network was a major British achievement.
Following the completion, India was capable of
establishing a modern successful economy,
bringing unity to regions of land. Telephone,
telegraph lines, dams, bridges, and irrigation
canals permitted India to further modernize
themselves. Sanitation and public health also
improved as well as the establishment of schools
and colleges (literacy increased). As well as
improvements in modernizing India, the British
troops cleared most of central India from Bandits
and ended local warfare among competing local