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British Imperialism in India

British Imperialism in India

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British Imperialism in India

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  1. British Imperialism in India

  2. Learning Targets • I can…Describe the relationship between the Industrial revolution and Imperialism • I can…Identify historical examples of 18th and 19th century imperialism • I can…Discuss conflicts that arose as a result of 18th and 19th century imperialism • I can…Evaluate the impact of imperialism on the conquered people. • I can…Describe the main reasons that 18th and 19th century imperialism took place.

  3. 0 What technological invention allowed the British access to raw materials inside of India’s interior? • Seed Drill • Railroads • Automobiles • Mechanical Elephant

  4. 0 For most of the time, India was controlled by this private sector company. • Bombay Tea Co. • Dutch East India Co. • British East India Co. • Dole Fruit

  5. 0 The _____ ______ happened because these Indian soldiers fighting for the British were killed for not accepting cartridges. • Calcutta Massacre • Hindu War • Raj Rebellion • Sepoy Mutiny

  6. 0 India was initially sought after by Britain for its large ___________, which had 300 million people. • Market • Trade ports • Literacy Rate • Religious Diversity

  7. India matters • India was the most important part of the British Empire. • British rule in India called “The Raj.” • From 1610-1857 India was ruled for Britain by the British East India Company.

  8. British East India Company (BEIC) • A state issued monopoly. • NOT funded by the British government. • NOT the British government. • Rights to EVERYTHING east of the Cape of Good Hope.

  9. British—India history • City of Calcutta established as trading port in 1690. • British start fortifying Calcutta in 1756 against other European powers. • Fortification was not a part of the agreement between the BEIC and India.

  10. Jewel in the crown • India was at first sought after by Britain for its potential markets (300 million people). • England considered India its most prized colony and called it the “Jewel in the crown” • When railroads were introduced in India, raw materials were transported from the interior to the coasts, and manufactured goods from the coasts to the interior.

  11. Mostly economic • British didn’t want to change anything culturally or religiously except the “outrageous” • Sati—the sacrifice of the 1st bride at a husband’s funeral • Thugee—massacre of travelers to please a god.

  12. Sepoys • Sepoys—Indians hired by the Raj to be soldiers. • All officers were European. • British respected the caste system. • Most sepoys were from high caste and were Hindu.

  13. The Sepoy Rebellion—1857

  14. Sepoy Rebellion cont. • 1857 sepoys were issued new rifle and cartridges that used animal fats—beef and pork fat. • Against religious beliefs in India • Brits try to fix by using vegetable oils. • Damage had already been done.

  15. Sepoy Rebellion cont. • 1857—a group of sepoys refuse to touch cartridges. • Did not believe cartridges were changed. • British officers execute disobeying orders. • Mutiny next day.

  16. Sepoy Rebellion cont. • British put down mutiny in one year. • Takes a lot of men and money. • British used Sikhs and Gurkhas to stop rebellion.

  17. Outcomes/Consequences • Sepoy mutiny fails because India cannot unite against British due to religious differences. • Most Hindus prefer British rule to Muslim rule. • The Sikhs, a religious group that had been hostile to the Mughal Empire remained loyal to the British. • After Mutiny, the British government takes control of India

  18. The East India Company • By the mid 1800s, the British East India Company controlled 3/5 of India

  19. Nationalism in India • In early 1800s some Indians wanted more modernization and more political independence. • Ram Mohun Roy sought social reforms in India and wanted to westernize. • Two groups, the Indian National Congress in 1885 and the Muslim League in 1906 were calling for self-government.

  20. Learning Target Assessment What did you learn

  21. 0 What technological invention allowed the British access to raw materials inside of India’s interior? • Seed Drill • Railroads • Automobiles • Mechanical Elephant

  22. 0 For most of the time, India was controlled by this private sector company. • Bombay Tea Co. • Dutch East India Co. • British East India Co. • Dole Fruit

  23. 0 The _____ ______ happened because these Indian soldiers fighting for the British were killed for not accepting cartridges. • Calcutta Massacre • Hindu War • Raj Rebellion • Sepoy Mutiny

  24. 0 India was initially sought after by Britain for its large ___________, which had 300 million people. • Market • Trade ports • Literacy Rate • Religious Diversity