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Aztec PowerPoint Presentation

Aztec

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Aztec

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  1. Aztec Matt Oliver Per.3 Mythology

  2. Core Values • Farming • Food, agricultural, Diet • Art • Architect, crafts, clothing, jewelry • Human Sacrifices • Cannibalism, pleasing the gods, obligated • War • Alliances, warriors, conquering, weapons

  3. Farming • Diet & Food • corn (maize), chocolate, tomatoes, chili, tamales, tortillas, beans and animals (rabbit, dog, turkey, deer, fish, and insects). • Agriculture • Chinampas – main technique • Gardens • Farmers - laborers

  4. Farming CHICOMECCATL: Maize Goddess (wife of Maize God) CINTEOTL: Maize God Tlaloc: God of rain XipeTotec: god of agriculture, vegetation

  5. Art • A form of religion expression • Crafts • Pottery made of clay • Sculptures made of stone • represent their gods or the sacrificial victims • Clothing • Masks for religious ceremonies, and rituals • designs generally depicted gods or important people • beautiful fabric with vivid and bright colors. • Jewelry • Tattoos • Stones(copper, silver, gold, turquoise, emerald and jade). • These stones were cut for use on Aztec clothing

  6. Human Sacrifices • Victim would be placed on a slab on top of the temple • Rip open his/her chest and have heart taken out • Other ways of sacrifices • Shot with arrows, burned, skinned, or drowned. • Pleasing Gods • Sacrifices pleased the gods to keep on helping the Aztecs and if gods were mad or displeased there will be a sacrifices. • Obligation • Victims were treated with the up most respect like as if a god. • No sacrifices, everything will stop • Cannibalism- Some scholars believe that Aztec were lacking proper nutrition so they resorted to cannibalism to get there meat and nutrition

  7. Human Sacrifices • Gods & Goddesses • Huitzilopochtli – regular sacrifices • Tezcatlipoca - regular sacrifices • Huehueteotl -regular sacrifices • Tláloc- sacrifieced children by drowning • Chicomecoatl- sacrificing a young girl: • Chalchihuitlicue – sacrficed children • Cinteotl – sacrificed virgins • Coatlicue - sacrifice a young woman to her just before any major hunt. • Mictlantecuhtli – skinned sacrifices • Mixcoatl – sacrificed a man and women • Quetzalcoatl – animal sacrifices • XipeTotec – sacrifices fighters • Toci – sacrifices young girls • Tlaltecuhtli – thought to swallow hearts of her sacrificed victims • Tlazolteotl – sacrificed prostitutes

  8. War • Warriors • Draft age: 17 yr • Elite warriors • Jaguars – wore jaguar skin • Eagles – wore feathered helmets • Weapons - stabbing javelins, wooden spears, obsidian knives, and clubs and round shields • Enemy were captured for human sacrifices • Alliances & Conquering- Made for economic growth and expansion of the society

  9. War • Gods & Goddesses • Huitzilopochtli-god of the Sun and the war • Mixcoatl- god of war and hunting • Itzpapalotl- skeletal warrior goddess • Tezcatlipoca – god of war • Mextli -god of war and storms, born armored • Teoyaomqui-god of dead warriors.

  10. References http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aztec_mythology www.godchecker.com/pantheon/aztec-mythology.php http://library.thinkquest.org/03oct/01263/Aztec.htm www.aztec-history.com/aztec-farming.html www.aztec-indians.com/aztec-farming.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aztec_society www.aztec-indians.com/aztec-art.html