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Chapter 8 – Political Culture and Ideologies. 12 th Grade POD – Ms. Nestico. Political Ideologies. Ideology – a set or system of ideas, beliefs and values held by a collective group of people – “school of thought” Belief – an idea held to be true by a group

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chapter 8 political culture and ideologies

Chapter 8 – Political Culture and Ideologies

12th Grade POD – Ms. Nestico

political ideologies
Political Ideologies
  • Ideology – a set or system of ideas, beliefs and values held by a collective group of people – “school of thought”
  • Belief – an idea held to be true by a group
  • Value – a belief about whether an idea is right or wrong

Everything in life is “political”

primary ideologies in the us
Primary Ideologies in the US

Ideology Party Wing

Radical

Libertarian

Liberal Democrat Left

Moderate -----------------------------------

Conservative Republican Right

Populist

Reactionary

comparison contrast
Comparison & Contrast
  • Both liberals and conservatives agree that the government should have a good bit of control and regulation, but in different areas
  • Liberals want strong control/regulation over the economy
  • Conservatives want strong regulation over social conduct
economic characteristics liberal focus
Economic Characteristics(Liberal focus)
  • Money and the distribution of wealth
  • Stock Market
  • Corporations/Big Business
  • Taxation
  • Employment
  • Trade/Investments
  • Banking Industry
  • Social Programs to help those in need
social conduct characteristics conservative focus
Social Conduct Characteristics(Conservative Focus)
  • Censorship
  • Morals and Values
  • Drugs
  • Pro-Business
  • Oppose Higher Taxes
  • Tough punishment for crime
most popular us ideologies
Most popular US ideologies
  • Liberal – strong control & regulation of economy
  • Conservative – strong control & regulation of social conduct
  • Libertarian – least amount of government control in both the social conduct & economic realms
  • Populist – increased government control over both social & economic realms
in terms of government regulation control
In terms of Government Regulation & Control

SOCIAL CONDUCT

Libertarian

22%

Conservative

30%

E

C

O

N

O

M

I

C

Liberal

16%

Populist

20%

liberal
Liberal
  • Most interested in protecting individual rights and civil liberties
  • Change is usually a good thing
  • Anti-federalist roots
  • Increase in social welfare programs
  • More government intervention of the economy to remedy the defects of capitalism
  • Can be socialistic in nature
liberal1
Liberal
  • Robinhood Theory – Redistribution of wealth
  • Usually see an increase in taxes
  • Believe in the positive use of government to bring about justice and equality of opportunity
  • Seeks protection against inadequate healthcare, housing and education
  • Believes in affirmative action programs, unions’ right to organize and strike, etc.
conservative
Conservative
  • Most interested in what’s best for the greater good of society
  • Free market economy
  • Capitalistic – survival of the fittest, every man for himself
  • Rich typically get richer
  • Lower taxes overall and cut government spending
conservative1
Conservative
  • Functions of government should encourage family values, protect the nation from foreign enemies, preserve law and order
  • Human needs should be cared for by families and charities, not the government
radical
Radical
  • Advocates extreme measures to change government policy
radical1
Radical
  • Civil disobedience
    • Texas v. Johnson
    • Vietnam war demonstrations on college campuses
reactionary
Reactionary
  • Advocates extreme measures to conserve ideals and uphold ultra-conservative use of policies and government
  • Exceptionally intolerant of others and their viewpoints
reactionary1
Reactionary
  • More violent acts of civil disobedience
    • Abortion clinic bombers
    • White supremacy groups typically found here
economic policy
Economic Policy

Liberals

Conservatives

Free market economy

Less amount of regulation brings about more competition

Taxes should be kept as low as possible

Government welfare programs destroy people’s incentive to work hard.

  • Government should regulate business to protect public interest
  • Rich should be taxed higher in order to pay for public services
  • Government spending on social welfare programs increases
policies on crime
Policies on Crime

Liberals

Conservatives

Increase police forces, special task forces and prisons.

Stop courts from coddling criminals

Make punishment more harsh and strict to deter future crime

  • Government should alleviate social problems such as poverty, unemployment, housing inadequacies, etc. as these are the preliminary reasons for crime
  • Rehabilitate criminals to remedy the problem
social policy
Social Policy

Liberal

Conservative

Government chooses what’s best, not the individual

Fend for yourself – survival of the fittest

Should allow traditional observations in public policy

  • Freedom of choice and government should fund it when necessary
  • Protect minority rights, especially of African American, Hispanic/Latino, women, non-WASP, poor, etc.)
national security policy
National Security Policy

Liberal

Conservative

Government should pursue national/international interests of the US

Increase military spending

War can stimulate the economy

  • Government should support “human rights” throughout the world
  • Reduce military spending
  • Diplomacy instead of war
the issues
The issues
  • Economy
  • Abortion
  • Death Penalty
the issues1
The Issues
  • War in Iraq
  • Education
  • Energy
the issues2
The Issues
  • Drugs
  • Healthcare
  • Poverty
what s your ideology
What’s your ideology?
  • Go to: http://www.politopia.com/quiz_index.php3