Chapter 6 Social Structure Theory. Criminology 9 TH Edition Larry J. Siegel. Questions. What is a stratified society ? What is the culture of poverty ? How do these two issues affect class, race, and culture?. Social Structure Theories. Criminal Behavior Patterns Are Affected By:
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Criminology 9TH Edition
Larry J. Siegel
© 2003 Wadsworth Publishing Co.
What is a stratified society?
What is the culture of poverty?
How do these two issues affect
class, race, and culture?
Criminal Behavior Patterns
Are Affected By:
Crime is a product of
and value conflict.
Identifies why crime rates
are highest in slum areas.
Points out the factors that
produce crime. Suggests
programs to help
Social Disorganization Theory:Concentric Zone Theory
According to social disorganization theory,
how does fear
affect a ‘disorganized’ neighborhood?
Crime is a direct result of the
frustration and anger of the lower-class
to achieve culturally defined goals,
i.e., wealth, success, power;
the means to acquire these goals
are stymied by the stratification
of class and status in society.
Why would Durkheim suggest that crime
may be beneficial to society?
People who adopt the goals of
society but lack the means to attain them
seek alternatives, such as crime.
Points out how competition for success creates
conflict and crime. Suggests that social conditions
and not personality can account for crime.
Can explain middle- and upper-class crime.Strain Theory: Anomie
Strain has a variety of sources.
Strain causes crime in the absence
of adequate coping mechanisms.
Identifies the complexities of strain in modern
society. Expands on anomie theory.
Shows the influence of social events
on behavior over the life course.
Strain Theory:General Strain Theory
How would trait theories interact
with strain theories?
Could strain theories explain chronic offending?
If so, in what way?
What are the elements of
cultural deviance theory?
Identifies the aspects of lower-class life that produce street crime. Adds to Shaw and McKay’s analysis.
Creates the concept of culture conflict
Obedience to the norms of their lower-class culture puts people in conflict
with the norms
of the dominant culture.
Cultural Deviance Theory:Sellin’s Culture Conflict Theory
According to Walter Miller,
what are the “focal concerns”
or values that affect lower-class culture.
How do these “focal concerns” affect
the lower-class and crime?
high crime and delinquency rates in inner-city slums
each branch seems to support and amplify the others
appearance that the concepts may be interdependent
Those who believe they are invalid point to:
lower-class crime rates may be artifacts of bias
a significant number of people living in the slums are not criminal
it’s questionable whether a distinct lower-class culture actually existsAre Social Structure Theories Valid or Invalid?