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Political Parties & Cartoons. SS Core-9 January 7, 2013. Agenda. Study questions? The Birth of Political Parties The Birth of Political Parties (Presentation) Political Parties: Good or Bad?. Washington’s Farewell Address. Left office in 1797 Last, party-free Presidency

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political parties cartoons

Political Parties & Cartoons

SS Core-9

January 7, 2013

agenda
Agenda
  • Study questions?
  • The Birth of Political Parties
  • The Birth of Political Parties (Presentation)
  • Political Parties: Good or Bad?
washington s farewell address
Washington’s Farewell Address
  • Left office in 1797
    • Last, party-free Presidency
  • Emphasized 3 main points:
    • Abolish Sectionalism
    • Avoid political factions
    • Avoid foreign entanglements
the first political parties
The First Political Parties
  • Thomas Jefferson
  • Strong state governments
  • Farming based economy
  • Narrow Federal Powers
  • Alexander Hamilton
  • Strong Federal Government
  • Commerce and Manufacturing
  • Broad federal powers

Federalists

Democratic-Republicans

slide6
What symbols do you see and/or recognize?
  • What is the artist saying about political parties?
what s the point
What’s the Point?
  • Mobilizing Support and Gathering Power
  • A Force for Stability and Moderation
  • Unity, Linkage and Accountability
  • Electioneering
  • Party as a Voting and Issue Cue
  • Policy Formation and Promotion
political parties good or bad
Political Parties: Good or Bad?
  • Create a promotional poster that will inform the public about political parties.
    • Are they useful?
    • Are they beneficial?
    • What is the history and roles of political parties?
  • Include:
    • A slogan
    • Key points
    • A Logo
homework
Homework
  • Read pages 5-6 and answer the questions
  • Read pages 9-13 and complete the chart on pages 7-8
agenda1
Agenda
  • Study Questions?
  • Republicans and Democrats: What Do They Believe (generally)?
  • Political / Social Issues Comparison
  • Political Cartoons
slide11
Democrats

Issue

Republicans

For each issue that appears use an X in the left or right hand column to show if it is a belief of Democrats or Republicans:

slide12
Democrats

Issue

Republicans

Fill in the blank for each on your sheet and check mark the column that would agree with the description:

Any law abiding citizen should be able to carry a gun

Higher taxes are necessary

Businesses should NOT be “controlled” by government

Abortion is wrong

Same sex marriages are OK

We need lots of cheap public transportation

Jesus as Savior should not be talked about in school classes

slide13
Democrats

Issue

Republicans

Schools need more money

We need to spend more to defend ourselves

Typically favored by businesses

Typically favored by union laborers &/or poor

Stem cell research is good

Symbol = donkey

Symbol = elephant

slide14
Democrats

Issue

Republicans

For each issue that appears use an X in the left or right hand column to show if it is a belief of Democrats or Republicans:

Any law abiding citizen should be able to carry a gun

X

X

High taxes are ok and necessary

X

Businesses should NOT be “controlled”

X

Abortion is wrong

X

Same sex marriages are OK

We need to have lots of cheap public transportation

X

Jesus as Savior should not be talked about in school classes

X

slide15
Democrats

Issue

Republicans

Schools need more money

X

We need to spend more to defend ourselves

X

Typically favored by businesses

X

X

Typically favored by union laborers &/or poor

X

Think stem cell research is necessary and good

X

Symbol is a donkey

Symbol is an elephant

X

agenda2
Agenda
  • What is a Political Cartoon?
  • What strategies to Cartoonists use to make them work?
  • How are beliefs, values, and messages portrayed in political cartoons?
cartoonists strategies
Cartoonists’ Strategies
  • Cartoonists choose from a variety of strategies to best deliver their message. The most common are:
    • Symbolism
    • Exaggeration
    • Irony
    • Sarcasm
symbolism
Symbolism
  • Objects or symbols stand for larger concepts or ideas

What is the most important symbol in this cartoon?

Roller =

George Bush’s environmental policies

exaggeration
Exaggeration
  • To emphasize a point or possibility

Could any school in the U.S. be this bad and still be used everyday for school?

No.

The point is that our schools are in terrible shape and need funds.

irony
Irony
  • The opposite of what is supposed to be

What is “one nation…indivisible” from?

Yet, what is “divided” in this cartoon?

The USA

Why is the USA divided?

The education conditions throughout the country are good in the suburbs & poor in the cities

sarcasm
Sarcasm
  • Making fun of something that is partially true

What experience did Barak Obama have before running for President?

He gave one speech as a US Senator.

liberal or conservative
Liberal or Conservative
  • For the following 10 cartoons:
    • Determine whether the artist is promoting a liberal or conservative viewpoint
    • Give a brief explanation of how you know it is liberal or conservative
    • Make a note of the strategy being used in the right-side margin
  • ANSWER ON YOUR OWN!!
slide37
Shows democrats criticizing ideas that ARE President Bush’s, but THEY have no plan!

CONSERVATIVE

slide43
Conservatives are saying that the new health care that Obama get passed is too expensive.

CONSERVATIVE

homework1
Homework
  • Find a political cartoon using Google image search
  • Tell whether the cartoon is liberal or conservative
  • Explain your reasoning
  • What strategy is the author using?
  • DUE: _____________________
slide45
) Drawn by: Liberal
  • ) Reasons:
  • Gear shift is towards Obama’s symbol
  • ) Point / Message:
  • Obama will move the country forward (progress), while Romney will take us backwards
  • ) Technique: symbolism
    • The car symbolizes the USA
    • The Supreme Court gavel symbolizes the gear shift that will determine the direction the car (US) will travel
agenda3
Agenda
  • Collect This I Believe essays
  • Collect Cartoon Analysis
  • Third Parties reading/presentation
  • Third Parties Research Activity (Lab A)
what is a third party
What is a Third Party?
  • Any political party organized in more than one state and other than Democratic or Republican Parties
history of 3 rd parties
History of 3rd Parties
  • No minor third party as ever come close to winning the presidency
      • Only eight third party candidates have won any electoral votes
      • Only five, including Theodore Roosevelt in 1912 and Ross Perot in 1992 have won more than 10% of the popular vote
role of 3 rd parties
Role of 3rd Parties
  • Third parties influence elections by revealing sectional and political divides and bringing light to new issues.
  • Third Parties usually form around a social cause and social activists.
  • A third party neglected by the two major parties is able to affect the electorate more than if their views were co-opted by one of the major two.
types of 3 rd parties
Types of 3rd Parties
  • Sectional
  • Economic Protest
  • Ideology
  • Charismatic Personalities
  • Specific Issues
sectional parties
Sectional Parties
  • Example: Strom Thurmond and Dixiecrat Party ran on segregation platform in 1948
economic protest parties
Economic Protest Parties
  • James Weaver and the Populist Party won over 1 million popular votes and 22 electoral votes in 1892
ideology parties
Ideology Parties
  • Examples: Socialist, Communist, and Libertarian Parties
charismatic personality parties
Charismatic Personality Parties
  • Example: Teddy Roosevelt and the Progressive Bull Moose Party in 1912
specific issues parties
Specific Issues Parties
  • Example: Prohibition Party 1892
purpose of 3 rd parties
Purpose of 3rd Parties

“The electoral progress of third parties is in direct relation to the failure of the two major parties to incorporate new ideas.”

-Ralph Nader,

2000 Green Party Candidate

purpose of 3 rd parties1
Purpose of 3rd Parties
  • Though very rare, a 3rd party may replace a major party
    • 1856, Republican Party replaces the Whig Party

Lincoln-Douglass Debates, 1858

purpose of 3 rd parties2
Purpose of 3rd Parties
  • Third parties have influence
    • Major parties often take on ideas of 3rd parties
    • In 1992, both major parties took on deficit reduction platform from Ross Perot Reform Party
  • Once major parties incorporate their ideas, third parties burn out
3 rd party cartoons
3rd Party Cartoons
  • What is the artist saying about 3rd party voters?
3 rd party cartoons1
3rd Party Cartoons
  • Why is it so difficult for 3rd parties to gain support?
3 rd party cartoons2
3rd Party Cartoons
  • Why might 3rd parties be attractive to voters?
3 rd party cartoons3
3rd Party Cartoons
  • What is the artist saying about Nader’s run for president in the 2004 election?
3 rd party cartoons4
3rd Party Cartoons
  • What is the artist saying about the Tea Party Platform?
3 rd party cartoons5
3rd Party Cartoons
  • What impact is the artist arguing third parties have on the major parties?
homework2
Homework
  • Use the internet to research issues important to popular third parties.
  • Find 3 issues, and summarize the parties’ stance on each issue
  • Due: __________________
political humor
Political Humor
  • One day a florist goes to a barber for a haircut.
  • After the cut he asked about his bill. The barber replies: "I‘m sorry, I cannot accept money from you; I'm doing community service this week" The florist is pleased and leaves the shop.
  • Next morning when the barber goes to open, there is a thank you card and a dozen roses waiting for him at his door.
slide67
Later, a cop comes in for a haircut, and when he goes to pay his bill the barber again replies: "I'm sorry, I cannot accept money from you; I'm doing community service this week." The cop is happy and leaves the shop.
  • Next morning when the barber goes to open up there is a thank you card and a dozen donuts waiting for him at his door.
slide68
Later a Republican comes in for a haircut, andwhen he goes to pay his bill the barber again replies: "I'm sorry, I cannot accept money from you; I'm doing community service this week." The Republican is very happy and leaves the shop.
  • The next morning when the barber goes to open, there is a thank you card and a dozen different books such as "How to Improve Your Business" and "Becoming More Successful."
slide69
Then a Democrat comes in for a haircut, and when he goes to pay his bill the barber again replies: "I'm sorry, I cannot accept money from you; I'm doing community service this week." The Democrat is very happy and leaves the shop.

The next morning …

when the barber goes to open up, there are a dozen Democrats lined up waiting for a free haircut.

liberal or conservative1
Liberal or Conservative
  • Watch the following video featuring Ben Cohen, from Ben & Jerry’s Ice Cream.
liberal or conservative2
Liberal or Conservative
  • Recently Mayor Daley leased the expressway in Chicago to a private company. Now this company will pay $1.8 billion to Chicago but keep all of the tolls it collects. Daley also helped to lease off four underground parking garages downtown. A company will pay Chicago $563 million so it can collect all the profits from parking cars. Now Mayor Daley is now moving to privatize several additional big ticket city assets.
    • What are the PROS of doing this?
    • What are the CONS of doing this?

CONSERVATIVE

liberal or conservative3
Liberal or Conservative

HealthCare Reform:

The 90 Second Explanation

liberal or conservative4
Liberal or Conservative
  • As you watch:
    • Create a list of the reasons it could be liberal
    • Create a list of the reasons it could be conservative
u s mexico border wall
U.S.-Mexico Border Wall
  • Create a T-Chart

Reasons the border wall is NEEDED

Reasons the border wall is WRONG

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