Travel and Tourism contracts Sara Landini
An introduction to tourism • The Institute of Tourism in Britain suggests the following definition: “Tourism is the temporary short term movement of people to destinations outside the places where they normally live and work, and the activities during their stay at these destinantions; it includes movement for all purposes, as well as day visits or excursions”.
Definition of Tourism • According to International Conference on Leisure Recreation Tourism held in Cardiff in 1981 “tourism may be defined in terms of particularal activities selected by choice and undertaken outside the home environment. Tourism may or may not involve overnight stays away from home”.
An History of tourism Also before the industrial revolution people used to travel for pilgrimages, business and official purposes.
An History of tourism Historical studies usually distinguish three principle epochs: • the first starts with the railway age (about 1840); • the second covers railway age itself; • the third covers the years between the two world wars
An history of tourism We have to add at least another one, starting after 1950, characterized by mass tourism, an increasing of business travels and a significant differentiation in tourism products’ offer. Mass tourism in the 1930s and early 1950s was just a domestic business.
Tourism phenomenon • Tourism is a global phenomenon • Tourism is one of the largest economic source • Tourism is a phenomenon continuously in evolution
Tourism Law All the above characteristics of the phenomenon of tourism have a deep impact on tourism law.