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Ancient Persia & Ancient Greece. Agenda . Persian Empire Politics Economics Military Religion Ancient Greece Significance of Ancient Greece in W. Civ. Geography Vocabulary Politics Economics Religion Philosophy. Persian Empire. Politics: “King of Kings” & satraps

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Presentation Transcript
agenda
Agenda
  • Persian Empire
      • Politics
      • Economics
      • Military
      • Religion
  • Ancient Greece
      • Significance of Ancient Greece in W. Civ.
      • Geography
      • Vocabulary
      • Politics
      • Economics
      • Religion
      • Philosophy
persian empire
Persian Empire
  • Politics: “King of Kings” & satraps
  • Economics: trade, tribute, taxes
  • Military: 10,000 Immortals
  • Religion: Zoroastrianism
  • Often seen through Greek eyes….
persian military
Persian military
  • 10,000 Immortals
  • Meritocracy
  • Very large army

Cataphracts = Persian knight

persian economy
Persian economy
  • Gold daric & silver shekels standardized
  • Royal Road:
      • 1700 miles from Sardis to Susa
      • “neither snow, nor rain, nor heat, nor darkness…” (Herodotus)
  • International trade
zoroastrianism
Zoroastrianism
  • Zoroaster (6th c. BC)
  • Reformer against sacrifice, intoxicants
  • Ahura Mazda vs. Ahriman (dualism)
  • Alternatively known as Parsiism.
  • Magi

Farohars are powerful, holy guardian spirits who aid the god Ahura Mazda since His creation of the universe. Somewhat akin to angels. Farohars can also curse when they are offended.

why greece matters
Why Greece Matters
  • In groups of 3-4, brainstorm for 3 minutes about why Ancient Greece is important in the history of Western Civilization. Both broad themes and specific examples:
    • E.g., “Olympics: discus, marathon, javelin, heptathlon; int’l festival every 4 years.”
  • DON’T use your textbook; DO discuss it with each other.
politics in greece
Small, urban, independent city-states (poleis)

Farmer-citizen-soldier

Experimentation w/ different forms of government

Tyranny

Oligarchy

Democracy

Politics in Greece
economics in greece
Colonization of Mediterranean Sea (see map of “Magna Grecia” in Noble, p. 73)

Olives, grapes, wheat, plus maritime trade

Economics in Greece
religion in greece
Polytheistic

Oracles and divination

Human gods/godlike humans

Religion in Greece
philosophy
Rational > spiritual

Natural science and humankind = focus

Philosophy
vocabulary to know
Vocabulary to Know
  • Polis
  • Phalanx
  • Ephors
  • Oligarchy
  • Arete
  • Agora
  • Hoplite
  • Philosophy
  • Acropolis
  • Helot
  • Tyrant
  • ostracism