week three old testament n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
WEEK THREE OLD TESTAMENT PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
WEEK THREE OLD TESTAMENT

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 86

WEEK THREE OLD TESTAMENT - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 94 Views
  • Uploaded on

WEEK THREE OLD TESTAMENT. Genesis and Exodus. OLD TESTAMENT (THE HEBREW BIBLE). 舊約聖經 http://blog.xuite.net/alice.yuyenc/ot Video: Geography of Ancient Greece http://wl2009.wordpress.com/2010/09/14/geography-of-ancient-greece/.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'WEEK THREE OLD TESTAMENT' - catrin


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
week three old testament

WEEK THREEOLD TESTAMENT

Genesis and Exodus

old testament the hebrew bible

OLD TESTAMENT(THE HEBREW BIBLE)

舊約聖經

http://blog.xuite.net/alice.yuyenc/ot

Video:

Geography of Ancient Greece

http://wl2009.wordpress.com/2010/09/14/geography-of-ancient-greece/

slide6

http://wl2009.wordpress.com/2010/09/14/civilisations-mesopotamia/http://wl2009.wordpress.com/2010/09/14/civilisations-mesopotamia/

slide18
舊約各卷如何編排?
  • 舊約三十九卷,再加上新約廿七卷,聖經總共有六十六卷。三九,二十七,這是一個相當好背的數目。
  • 舊約三十九卷,巴斯德將它分為三部份:
  • 1.歷史書:
  • 2.經驗的書:共五卷,從約伯記、詩篇、箴言、傳道書到雅歌書,。
  • 3.先知書:從以賽亞一直到最後的瑪拉基書,一共也是十七卷。
slide19
律法書:舊約的前五卷稱為摩西五經
  • (1)律法書:舊約的前五卷稱為摩西五經,又稱律法書,就是創世記、出埃及記、利未記、民數記、申命記。
  • the founding religious document of Judaism, and is divided into five books, whose names in English are Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy, in reference to their themes
pentateuch
摩西五經 PENTATEUCH
  • 摩西五經,又稱為「律法書」,是猶太經典中最重要的部分。新約時代的猶太教徒有一派稱為撒都該人,他們雖然不接受其他的舊約書卷,卻承認摩西五經的權威。由此可見五經在猶太人心目中的崇高地位。 按照性質來說,摩西五經是屬於歷史書卷的體裁,是直接敘述的。因此解釋摩西五經主要是按字面的解釋。
slide22

WHO WROTE THE BIBLE? – HISTORY CHANNEL (PART 1 OF 12)HTTP://WL2009.WORDPRESS.COM/2010/09/14/WHO-WROTE-THE-BIBLE-HISTORY-CHANNEL-PART-1-OF-12/

genesis
上古的歷史(GENESIS 一至十一章)
  • 1.天地萬物的來歷(一1~二3)
  • 2.人類的起頭與墮落(二4~三24)
  • 3.人類在罪惡與死亡之下(四1~六8)
  • 4.世界受審判(六9~八14)
  • 5.立約與咒詛(八15~九28)
  • 6.分散與揀選(十一1~32)
  • (一) 萬有的受造(1:1-1:31)
  • (二)人特殊的受造(1:26-2:25) (貳)人的墮落(三章)
  • (一)蒙恩的器血(個人)(四~十一章)(1)亞伯....羔羊的救贖(四章)
  • (2)以諾 -與神同行(五章
  • (3)挪亞..位在主裡面(六~十一)
genesis1
選民列祖的歷史(GENESIS 十二至五十章)
  • 1.亞伯拉罕的蒙召與應許(十二~二十章)
  • 2.以撒與信心的更大考驗(廿一~廿六章)
  • 3.雅各與以色列的雛形(廿七~卅六章)
  • 4.約瑟與遷入埃及(卅七~五十章)
genesis2
GENESIS
  • The narrative runs from the creation of the world to the descent of the children of Israel into Egypt, and it contains some of the best-known biblical stories, including Adam and Eve, Cain and Abel, Noah's Ark, the Tower of Babel, and the biblical Patriarchs.
1 3 let there be light
1:3 LET THERE BE LIGHT
  • Introduction to the book of Genesis
  • http://wl2009.wordpress.com/2010/06/17/video-bible-genesis-part-1-w-e-b-old-testament-chapter-1-2/
classic bible illustrations old testament genesis
CLASSIC BIBLE ILLUSTRATIONSOLD TESTAMENT: GENESIS
  • http://outsetministry.org/ima_gen.html
slide36
創世記研經資料
  • 五經:包括創世記、出埃及記、利未記、民數記、申命記。
  • 地位:猶太人視「五經」為舊約最重要的一部份,其權威與神聖性,遠遠 超過「先知書」與「聖卷」。
  • 五經的形式:這五經應該是同一部書,但是篇幅太長,無法用一個皮卷抄 完,所以分成五個部份。但其間有相當的關聯性。
  • http://a2z.fhl.net/php/pcom.php?book=3&engs=Gen
creation
CREATION
  • The religious attitudes of the Hebrews appear in the story that they told of the creation of the world and of humankind.
  • This creation is the work of one God, who is omnipotent and omniscient and who creates a perfect and harmonious order.
  • The disorder that we see all around us, physical and moral, is not God’s creation but Adam and Eve’s;
chaos order disorder
CHAOS ORDER DISORDER
  • Disorder is the consequence of humankind’s disobedience.
  • The story not only reconciles the undeniable existence of evil and disorder in the world with the conception of God’s infinite justice but also attributes to humanity itself and independence of God, free will, which in this case had been used for evil.
god is all power omnipotent
GOD IS ALL-POWER (OMNIPOTENT)
  • The Hebrew God is not limited in His power by other deities, who oppose His will ( as in the Greek stories of Zeus and his undisciplined family);
  • His power over inanimate nature is infinite.
  • In all the range of His creation there is only one being able to resist Him-humankind.
free will
FREE WILL
  • Because God is all-powerful, even this resistance on Adam and Eve’s part is in some mysterious way a manifestation of God’s will.
  • How this can be is not explained by the story, and we are left with the mystery that still eludes us, the coexistence of God’s prescient power and humanity’s unrestricted free will.
after the fall
AFTER THE FALL
  • The story of the Fall ends with a situation in which Adam and Eve have earned for themselves and their descendants a short life of sorrow relieved only by death.
merciful and just
MERCIFUL AND JUST
  • It was the achievement of later Hebrew teachers to carry the story on and develop the concept of a God who is as merciful as He is just, who watches tenderly over the destinies of the creatures who have rebelled against Him, and who brings about the possibility of atonement and full reconciliation.
cain and abel
CAIN AND ABEL
  • Adam and Eve’s son Cain is the first person to shed human blood, but though God drives him out to be a wanderer on the face of the earth, He does not kill him. The brand on Cain’s forehead, while it marks him as a murderer, also protects his life – no one is to touch him.
slide48

NOVELLI, PIETRO1603-1647 OIL ON CANVAS, 198 X 147 CMGALLERIA NAZIONALE D'ARTE ANTICA, ROMEHTTP://WWW.WGA.HU/FRAMES-E.HTML?/HTML/N/NOVELLI/CAINABEL.HTML

noah s ark
NOAH’S ARK
  • Later when the descendants of Adam and Eve grow so wicked that God is sorry He has created the human race, He decides to destroy it by sending a universal flood. But He spares Noah and his family to beget a new human race, on which God pins His hopes.
slide50

Title:  'Noah's Ark'

Artist:  Edward Hicks

Year:   1846

/
slide52

Title: 'Story of Noah'

Artist:  Lorenzo Ghiberti 1378 - 1455

Year:  circa 1420 

slide54
《大洪水》
  • 這幅溼壁畫是米開朗基羅在西斯汀禮拜堂拱頂上繪製的第一個聖經故事。
  • 此畫描繪著一群逃難者躲藏在被上帝的閃電擊中的帳篷下面,閃電是上帝大發雷霆的象徵。畫面充滿悲愴和痛苦之情;
slide55
《大洪水》
  • 那些備受痛苦的人類赤裸著身軀,四肢扭曲伸展、複雜地交織著,表現人類絕望和受上天懲罰的戲劇性場面是通過那些迷途罪人的姿態和表情展現出來的,他們有的互相幫助和照顧,另一些則在為苟延性命而苦苦掙扎。綠色、藍紫色和粉紅色之間的色彩反差增強了大難臨頭的氣氛。看著這些由於受磨難而表情滯重的人物向前行進,我們幾乎能聽到狂風搖撼樹枝時的呼嘯,幾乎能感覺到上帝憤怒時的恐怖氣氛。
rainbow and covenant
RAINBOW AND COVENANT
  • His rainbow in the sky reminds humankind of His promise that He will never again let loose the waters. But people do not learn their lesson: they start to build a tower high enough to reach to Heaven, and God is afraid that if they succeed they will then recognize no limit to their ambitions. Yet He does not destroy them; He merely frustrates their purpose by depriving them of their common language.
tower of babel
TOWER OF BABEL
  • 經過大洪水後,人類定居在底格里斯與幼發拉底河流所經過的美索不達米亞地方。那是一塊肥沃的平原,大家耕種、牧畜自力更生,營造家園。最先以蘆草圍居,後來經部起風吹雨打,改用石頭又改成磚頭。便合力建造了一座通天高塔,也有人稱它為巴比倫塔(tower of babel)。他們決定用磚頭來造,可以容納更多人,如此大家可以聚在一起,沒有人可以趕走他們。
tower of babel genesis 11
TOWER OF BABEL (GENESIS 11)
  • 主神上帝看了到這種情形,發現不對,人們建造如此大的高塔,全部的人一起住,擠在一起,那其他地方便沒有人住。而且剛剛繁榮起來的人類,就有如此高明的本事,將來高塔若直通祂的寶座,那還得了。
tower of babel1
TOWER OF BABEL
  • 於是決定要施法術制止,上帝想出一個辦法:「 我要攪亂他們的語言,改變他們說話,如此,沒有人可以彼此溝通了解 。」。很快的大家發現語言不通,溝通很辛苦,工程也停頓,大家都離開了,分散在各地。從此,世界各地都有人,也有了不同的語言,原來,大家都稱這座城為「巴比倫塔」,也就是「變亂」之意。
abraham and isaac
ABRAHAM AND ISAAC
  • This part of the story begins with Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his only son, Isaac.
  • It continues through the rivalry in which Isaac’s son Jacob supplants his brother Esau, and it culminates in the trials and ultimate prosperity of Jacob’s son Joseph.
slide64
◆中文聖經版本比較◆
  • http://a2z.fhl.net/textual/textual6.html
  • 『和合本』、『思高本』、『現代中文譯本』、『呂振中譯本』、『文理本』、『聖經新譯本』(天道書樓出版)。
slide65
最早的聖經譯本
  • 最早的聖經譯本,從景教遺物考可確信第七世紀時新約已譯成中文。可惜這些譯本並未流傳下來,之後到了十九世紀天主教才有完全的中文聖經譯本。
  • 1822 年所出版的聖經為在印度由馬士曼博士與拉沙所合譯的,同時第一位來華耶穌教傳教士馬禮遜到廣州也從事同樣的工作 1823 年出版。
slide66
早期譯本
  • 781年  景教碑十三世紀末、十四世紀初  《若望孟高維諾譯本》:詩篇、新約全書(蒙古文)十六世紀末  利瑪竇譯「祖傳天主十誡」1636年  陽瑪諾的《聖經直解》約1700年  《巴設譯本》十八世紀末  賀清泰《古新聖經》,未有印刷發行1822年  《馬殊曼譯本》1823年  馬禮遜《神天聖書》1837年  麥都思、郭實臘、裨治文、馬儒漢《新遺詔書》
slide67
近代譯本
  • 1919年  《文理和合本》《國語和合譯本》1949年  吳經熊的《新約全集》1954年  徐匯修院的《新譯福音》 1968年  《思高聖經譯本》1970年  《呂振中譯本》1974年  《當代福音》1976年  《新約全書新譯本》1979年  《當代聖經》《現代中文譯本》1993年  《聖經新譯本》
slide68
新遺詔書
  • 這兩本聖經是為能應付當時的需要所生,而不久之後,在中國的西方傳教士增多,便認為馬禮遜譯本需修訂重譯,於是組成四人小組開始工作。
  • 成員有:Medhurst, Gutzlaff, Bridgeman, J. R. Morrison 等人。 1837 年於印尼出版,定名為『新遺詔書』,後來十至十二年中,基督教會都以這冊為主要的聖經譯本。
slide69
中文聖經譯本流源
  • http://b5.ctestimony.org/0203/zwsj.htm
  • 聖經翻譯早在公元前三世紀便已開始,但要到公元七八世紀才有把聖經譯成中文的文獻——「大秦景教流行中國碑」。大秦即羅馬;景教即基督教的聶斯脫略派。此派始於敘利亞,其始創人聶斯脫略因提倡「基督二位二性說」而於公元431年被教會第三次大公會議定為異端。然而,此派積極傳教,公元635年(即唐太宗貞觀九年)聶斯脫略派傳入中國
slide70
景教經典《尊經》
  • 公元781年(即唐德宗建中二年)建立「大秦景教流行中國碑」。碑文講述人類的墮落、彌施訶(即彌賽亞)的降生、救主在世的事跡等並介紹景教入華、盛衰的經過,也有景教經典《尊經》翻成中文的記載。景教經典包括可能是將舊新約聖經翻譯的部分,可惜這些經書的譯本全都失傳,有待考古學的新發現,方能有更進一步的研究。
slide71

耶和華是我牧者 大衛的詩。

23:1 耶和華是我的牧者,我必不致缺乏。

23:2 他使我躺臥在青草地上,領我在可安歇的水邊。

23:3 他使我的靈魂甦醒,為自己的名引導我走義路。

23:4 我雖然行過死蔭的幽谷,也不怕遭害,因為你與我同在;你的杖,你的竿,都安慰我。

23:5 在我敵人面前,你為我擺設筵席;你用油膏了我的頭,使我的福杯滿溢。

23:6 我一生一世必有恩惠慈愛隨著我;我且要住在耶和華的殿中,直到永遠。

exodus

EXODUS

An introduction

exodus walk out of
EXODUS. . .WALK OUT OF …
  • 出埃及記在希伯來語是Shemot(名字之意),是由它的第一個字而來,但是希臘文和拉丁文為Exodus(出走之意,天主教譯為出谷記),也是由它的第一個字而來。主要是記載神以全能揀選摩西為領袖,帶領以色列人離開埃及,前往應許之地,並在曠野的西乃山和以色列人立約,頒佈律法。
slide76
  • 出埃及和西乃山的神人之約是以色列人最重要的歷史傳統,它記述著以色列民族和宗教的起源、特質和內涵。
  • 出埃及事件是以色列人被耶和華拯救,得自由和成為選民身份的歷史記實。此後以色列人不但在生活中教育其後代體認這傳統的經過和意義,更在宗教儀式中如:逾越節等,重述這些拯救的故事,以紀念他們的祖先當年在埃及肉體和靈性上為奴的歷史。
outline of exodus
OUTLINE OF EXODUS
  • 在埃及被壓迫   (1章)   
  • 摩西的預備(2-4章)
  • 和埃及人抗爭   (5-11章)  
  • 逾越節和出埃及  (12:1-15:21)
  • 曠野的旅程(15-18章)
  • 西乃立約(19-24章)
  • 有關崇拜及會幕的指示(25-31章)
  • 盟約的破壞與重定(32-35章)
  • 建造會幕(35-40章)
slide78
上帝的救贖
  • 從 1 至 18 章,記載上帝怎樣用祂大能的手,救贖以色列百姓,領他們出埃及。
  • 宰殺逾越節的羔羊是這一段的最高峰。
the feast of passover or pesach
逾越節 (THE FEAST OF PASSOVER OR PESACH)
  • - 記念在離開埃及的前一夜,天使擊殺埃及地所有的長子,卻越過以色列人的房屋,拯救了以色列各家。
  • http://www3.telus.net/public/kstam/tw/temple/details/calendar.htm
slide81
十災
  • 1.血災  2.蛙災  3.虱災  4.蠅災  5.畜疫之災  6.瘡災  7.雹災  8.蝗災  9.黑暗之災  10.長子之死災
ten plagues
TEN PLAGUES
  • 3.1 Beginning of the curses: Ex. 5:1–9, 7:8–13
  • 3.2 Plague of Blood (דָם): Ex. 7:14–25
  • 3.3 Plague of Frogs (צְּפַרְדֵּעַ): Ex. 7:25–8:11
  • 3.4 Plague of Lice: Ex. 8:16–19
  • 3.5 Plague of Flies (עָרוֹב): Ex. 8:20–32
  • 3.6 Plague of Livestock Death (דֶּבֶר): Ex. 9:1–7
  • 3.7 Plague of Boils (שְׁחִין): Ex. 9:8–12
  • 3.8 Plague of Hail (בָּרָד): Ex. 9:13–35
  • 3.9 Plague of Locusts (אַרְבֶּה): Ex. 10:1–20
  • 3.10 Plague of Darkness (חוֹשֶך): Ex. 10:21–29
  • 3.11 Death of the Firstborn (מַכַּת בְּכוֹרוֹת): Ex. 11:1–12:36
plague of hail
PLAGUE OF HAIL
  • http://www.bl.uk/learning/cult/inside/goldhaggadahstories/10plagues/plaguesofegypt.html
slide86
埃及 ----舊約
  • 埃及的歷史在 1000 B.C. 以前可以這樣劃分(註 4):
  • 上古時代: 1- 2朝
  • ──────────────────────2500 B.C.
  • 古王國:  3- 6朝 是金字塔時代,京城在北部孟斐斯
  • 7-10朝 國勢趨弱
  • ──────────────────────2000 B.C.
  • 中期王國:11-12朝 京城在以斯淘(孟斐斯稍南) (亞伯拉罕)
  • 13-17朝 國勢趨弱           (約瑟)
  • ──────────────────────1500 B.C.
  • 新王國: 18-20朝 帝國時代,京城在南方的底比斯 (摩西)
  • ──────────────────────1000 B.C.
  • 21-30朝              (所羅門)
  • ──────────────────────