Egypt: The Gift of the Nile
Objectives: Egypt • Understand and discuss the impact of • geographic factors on the development • of Egypt. 2. Locate the Nile River Valley and describe its physical characteristics. 3. Chart the economic, political, and cultural contributions of Egypt.
Geography of Egypt
Geography of Egypt: Quick Facts
Gifts of the Nile • Annual Flooding leaves… • Kemet (Black Land): • 3 Seasons determined by the Nile: • Inundation • Receding Waters • Drought: • Governments role: • Control of Flooding: HOW?
Land Value: $ $ • Closer to the river the… • If the land had to be • irrigated… • 2. So, taxes for…
Uniting Egypt • Old News: • By 4000 BC Egypt consisted of… • Lower Egypt in the… • Upper Egypt in the… 2. New News: 1. Around 3000 BC Narmer/Menes the king of the… 2. Narmer/Menes establishes his capital at… 3. Narmer/Menes establishes the first… A. There will be…
The Old Kingdom (2700 BC-2181 BC): Age of Pyramids The Egyptian Monarchy: 1. This Monarchy was a… 2. Egyptians kings were viewed as… 3. Government Setup: A. Bureaucracies: (DEFINE) B. Head of Bureaucracy: C. Egypt was divided into… Why setup a bureaucracy?
Pyramids *Reading Used as?
King Djoser: • Step Pyramid: built Mastabas on top… • King Snefru: • Built first true… • King Khufu (Cheops) • There were 3 Pyramids built at… • King Khafre: • Built the…
What is the difference in the way in which the Egyptians used the Pyramids compared to the way in which the Mesopotamians used the Ziggurat?
The Middle Kingdom (2050-1652 BC)- Age of Nobles • The Old Kingdom was… • Known as a Golden Age: WHY? • -6 Reasons:
End of the Middle Kingdom -1652 BC • Hyksos are from… • Used their… • Ruled Egypt for…
The New Kingdom (1567-1085 BC) -Age of Empire Age of Great Pharaohs: Pharaoh:
Hatshepsut: (1480 BC) -Facts: Thutmose III -Facts:
Amenhotep • Changes his name to… • Why? • Tried to make all of Egypt… • Problems with all the change: • New Pharaoh,… • Ramses II-the Great • Was one of the 1st if not • the 1st to use… • 2. Ruled for … • 3. After his death Egypt began to decline. WHY?
Levels of Egyptian Society • Upper Class consists of… • Facts: 2. Middle Class consists of… 1. Facts: 3. Lower class consists of… 1. Facts:
List a similarity and difference between Mesopotamia’s social structure with that of Egypt
Egyptian Society Status of Women Most privileges were left to upper/middle class
Egyptian Family • Usually lived in… • Marriages were… • Girls married at… • Boys married at… • Purpose of marriage was… • Monogamy was the…
Egyptian Religion Polytheistic Gods and Goddesses were.. Believed in….
Horus Anubis Osiris MA'AT Set Isis RA Sobek
Hieroglyphics • Earliest… • Picture symbols… • Didn’t use… • Used… • Very few people… • The meaning of… • Napoleon's men • found the Rosetta • Stone in 1799, but… How?