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The Kingdom of Kush. History Alive: Chapter 10. The Geography of Kush. Kush is located south of Egypt along the Nile River. Kush thrived from 2000 B.C.E. to 350 C.E It is known for very rich goldmines. Kush is often called Nubia . Nub is Egyptian for gold .

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The Kingdom of Kush

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the kingdom of kush
The Kingdom of Kush

History Alive: Chapter 10

the geography of kush
The Geography of Kush
  • Kush is located southof Egypt along the Nile River.
    • Kush thrived from 2000 B.C.E. to 350 C.E
  • It is known for very rich goldmines.
    • Kush is often called Nubia.
      • Nubis Egyptian for gold.
  • Kush’s geographic location and natural resources made it an important tradehub.
    • It connected Central and South Africa to Egypt.
    • Egyptians traded with Kush along the NileRiver.
      • Egyptians offered grain, beer, and linen.
      • Kush offered gold, ivory, leather, timber, and slaves.
troubles with egypt
Troubles with Egypt
  • Egypt often foughtwith Kush controlling parts of Kush’s territory.
    • During the New Kingdom Egypt controlled Kush, forcing them to pay tributeto Egypt.
      • Kushites had to give gold, cattle, ivory, ebony, ostrich feathers, and slaves.
      • Sometimes these gifts included exotic animals such as giraffesand monkeys.
  • Kush became “Egyptianized” under Egypt’s control.
    • Kushites spoke and wrotein Egyptian.
    • WorshipedEgyptian gods and goddess.
troubles with egypt cont
Troubles with Egypt cont.
    • Wore Egyptian clothing.
    • Kushitearcherswere hired for Egypt’s army.
      • An archer is a person who shoots with a bow and arrow.
    • Kush’s princes were sent to Egypt for education.
  • When the New Kingdom collapsed in 1100 B.C.E.
    • Even though Egypt wasn’t controlling them anymore, they kept Egyptian culture.
kush conquers egypt
Kush Conquers Egypt
  • After the fall of Egypt’s New Kingdom several Egyptian kingdoms fought each other for power.
    • This weekend Egypt.
    • In the mid-700sB.C.E. Kush’s armies invaded Egypt.
    • In 730B.C.E. northern Egypt surrendered to Kush’s king Piye.
      • King Piye took the title pharaoh.
  • Piye started the 25thruling dynasty.
    • A dynastyis a line of rulers (father to son to grandson to great grandson)
    • This dynasty is often called the “blackpharaohs.”
kush conquers egypt cont
Kush Conquers Egypt cont.
  • The Kushites wanted to revive Egyptianglory.
    • They built new temples and pyramidsin both Egypt and Kush.
      • Jebel Barakal’s temple is the most famous.
      • It copied RamsesII’s temple in style.
  • In 671 B.C.E. Egypt’s former territory was conquered by the Assyrians.
    • The Kushites tried to battle the Assyrians.
    • The Assyrians had ironweapons. The Kushites only had bronze.
the kush capital of mero
The Kush Capital of Meroë
  • After the city of Napata was destroyed, Kush moved its’ capital to Meroë.
    • The city was further south and therefore safer from invaders.
  • Kush continued to trade using the Nile, RedSea, and overland trade routes.
    • They traded with Arabs, African kingdoms, Rome, India, and maybe even China.
the kush capital of mero cont
The Kush Capital of Meroë cont.
  • Meroëalso became known industry.
    • After losing to the Assyrians because of iron weapons, the Kushites became famous for their work with iron.
  • Meroë had everything they needed to produce iron.
    • Had richiron deposits.
    • Had plenty of forests.
      • Wood is needed to make charcoal.
      • Charcoal is used to heat the iron.
        • When heated iron separates from the rock.
      • They made iron weaponsand farmingtools.
kush returns to its african roots
Kush Returns to Its African Roots
  • After splitting away from Egypt, Kush returned to its Africanroots.
    • Their artwork, clothing, and buildings no longer imitated Egyptian styles.
    • They worshipped an African lion-god.
    • They spoke and wrote Meroitic.
      • It had its own alphabet not based off of hieroglyphics.
kush returns to its african roots cont
Kush Returns to Its African Roots cont.
  • Kush became ruled by Kandakes.
    • These are Queenmothers.
    • They often co-ruled with their sons or husbands.
    • They were considered goddesses.
    • Queen Amanirenas is the most famous.
      • She destroyed many Roman forts.
      • Romesigned a peace treaty with Kush.
  • 350 C.E. Kush was conquered by Ethiopia.
work cited
Work Cited
  • History Alive: History of the Ancient World
  • http://www.martinsv