Operant Conditioning – BF Skinner.
Law of effect (Thorndike) = if a behavior is followed by a better or more satisfying state of affairs, that behavior is more likely to occur again in the future. If a behavior is followed by a less satisfying state of affairs, that behavior is less likely to occur in the future.
Issue of persistence: schedules of reinforcement
A teacher wanted to stop some of the children in her class from losing control and being disruptive. She decided to give them a check-mark every time they lost control. If they went three days with no check-marks, they received a toy car. After a week she gave up because the approach did not seem to be working. Based on what you know about learning principles, evaluate the teacher’s effort, assess why it did not work, and suggest an alternative behavior modification procedure.