China and Japan. Part II, Sui-Tang, China thru Heian, Japan. Gov/Hist 352 Campbell University. Tang Dynasty (617-907). The Tang was a hi-point in Chinese civilization. The population reached 50-60 million. It was cosmopolitan, composed of Nestorians, Manicheans, Buddhist and Muslims.
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Part II, Sui-Tang, China thruHeian, Japan
The empire was 5,640 miles N-S and 3,170 miles E-W. The Tang reached the Caspian and Roman empire.
The Grand Canal
The Grand Canal links the Yellow and Yangzi
Tang China and its tributaries.
-Personnel -Revenue -Justice
-Rites (Protocol) -War -Public Works
1. Tianbao Crisis of Xuanzong’s Reign.
2. An Lushan Rebellion.
Sui Dynasty pagoda on Mount Tiantai
The Great Amida Buddha at Kamakura, near Tokyo
The Nestorian cross celebrates the victory of the resurrection rather than the crucifixion. The swastika symbolizes the radiance of the sun.
Mount Fuji (Fujisan) is Japan's highest mountain and a frequent symbol. It is 12,388 feet high and can be seen from Tokyo and Yokohama on a clear day. Many Japanese believe it possesses superior Kami.
Jomon figure shows signs of sympathetic magic.
Yayoi pots were wheel thrown and hi temp fired.
Tomb of Emperor Nintoku
Haniwa are clay figures & objects that were placed around tombs.Burial Practices
Amaterasu Omikami from whom the Yamato descended.
Shrine at Ise, founded by Emperor Temmu (678-686) & rebuilt by Jito
Horyuji was built in 607 by Prince Shotoku
Map of Provinces in 701
Deer Park (Nara) celebrates the descent of Emperor Jimmu from heaven on the back of a sacred deer.
The Imperial Regalia of Japan. Part of the coronation since 690.
Todaiji is the Great Eastern Temple at Nara. It is the largest wooden structure in the world (330 ft hi & 280 ft wide) It contains the Dainichi, the Great Sun Buddha (50 ft tall). The court at Nara actively promoted Buddhism as the guardian of the state.
The Heian Jingu shrine was constructed in 1895 as a partial replica of the Imperial Palace (2/3rds scale) on the occasion of the 1,100 anniversary of the founding of the capital by Emperor Kammu.
The buildings were all wooden, most with thatched roofs. The great hall of state was 170 ft. by 50 ft. and its roof was supported by 52 red columns. The roof was blue tile, the lattices were green, and gold characters decorated everything.
There was a hall for banquets, a hall of military virtues, ceremonial and religious halls, pavilions, a parade ground, archery range, and an equestrian area.Heian Royal Court
There are two bronze of phoenixes on the roof. The interior includes raigo paintings and sculptures of the Amida Buddha.
Shingon Womb Mandala
The Amida Buddha is shown leading all humanity to salvation. He will not ascend into heaven until all souls are saved.
The first Japanese Sumo match occurred in 453 between Chinese envoys at a royal funeral.