China and Japan. Part 6, Sino-Japanese War to the 1949 Communist Victory in China. Gov/Hist 352 Campbell University. Sino-Japanese War (1894-95). The war was over Korea. Japan believed that control of Korea was vital to its national interest.
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Part 6, Sino-Japanese War to the 1949 Communist Victory in China.
Kang Youwei (1858-1027)
The Boxer Rebellion was the media event of 1900. The siege of the legation and rumored massacre of foreign diplomats sold newspapers.
Russia’s Occupation of Manchuria was a violation of the Open Door and a source of alarm to Japan, Britain and the U.S. Japan was seen as a counterbalance to Russia.
Admiral Togo Heihachiro (a graduate of the Britannic Naval College at Dartmouth) crossed the “T” on the Baltic Fleet destroying the entire line of battle in eight minutes.
Sun Yat Sen (1866-1925)
Yuan Shikai (1859-1916)
Logo of the GMD Flag and national emblem of the Republic of China
Mao Zedong (1893-1976)
Emperor Taisho (r.1912-26)
1899 Political Cartoon
Shidehara Kijuro (1872-1951)
Hirohito, the Emperor Showa (r.1926-1989)
The dark red area was Manchuria in 1931.
Zhang Zuolin (1873-1928)
“Henry” PuYi (1906-1967)
Zhu De (1886-1976)
The red-hatched areas are Communist enclaves. Those marked with “X’s” were overrun by GMD forces. The dotted lines show retreat routes.
Zhang Xueliang (1901-2001)
Following the bombing of the Shanghai South Station, a terrified baby was found alive in the wreckage
General Iwani Matsui entering Nanjing. The general was “given” an art collection that had belonged to a Shanghai banker worth two million dollars.
The attackers came in two waves. The first wave was detected by U.S. Army radar at 136 nautical miles (252 km), but was misidentified as USAAF bombers from the mainland.
The FEAF possessed 35 B-17 D Heavy Bombers and 107 P-40 fighters. Almost all were destroyed on the ground within a few days of the initiation of hostilities.
The Flying Tigers were credited with destroying 300 enemy fighters while only suffering the loss of 14 of their own.
This was the first and only time that bombers have taken off from a carrier. The take off run was 467 ft. The B-25’s were loaded with 4 500-lb bombs and extra fuel.
Sunk Japanese transport at Guadalcanal. Midway and Guadacanal were major turning points in the Pacific War.
General Douglas Mac Arthur and his staff landed at Palo Beach, Leyte, on October 20, 1944.
General Chiang Kai-shek, Madame Chiang and General Joseph Stilwell.
The airlift started in July, 1942. In December 800 tons were moved. In July, 1945, 71,000 tons were moved.
U.S. Marines met little initial resistance on the beaches only to encounter artillery fire from caves and dug in positions.
(Upper Left) The Ohka was a rocket powered human guided missile produced late in the war. (Lower Left) Zeroes selected for use as Kamikazes. (Right) Ensign Kiyoshi Ogawa who hit the USS Bunker Hill.
B-29s dropping incendiary bombs on Tokyo
General Umezu signed the surrender, September 2, 1945, on board the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay.
Meiji Constitution of 1889 (above). The 1947 constitution is frequently called the MacArthur constitution but did reflect Japanese opinion.
Mao and Chiang met in Chongqing in Aug-Oct, 1945 during the peace negotiations, but the alliance was short lived.