Ming China (1368-1800) • Mongol emperors are ousted by a peasant revolt led by Taizu • Renaissance of Chinese culture and politics • Expansion of China
Chinese Culture • Porcelain: http://www.googleartproject.com/galleries/27755421/27849024/ • Art • Silk
Chinese Culture - Confucianism • Who is Confucius? • Philosopher from the 5th century CE • Followers wrote the Analects – a book of his sayings
Chinese Culture - Confucianism • “The man who moves a mountain begins by carrying away small stones.” • “Never give a sword to a man who can't dance.” • “To be wealthy and honored in an unjust society is a disgrace.”
Chinese Culture - Confucianism • The Five Relationships and filial piety • Ruler-subject • Father-Son • Brother-brother • Husband-wife • Friend-friend
Chinese Politics • Civil Service Exam • An exam to determine who participates in government • Instead of a patronage system • Mandate of heaven • The emperor has a mandate from heaven to be the ruler of china
Zheng He • Chinese explorer from 14th century • Explored Around the Indian ocean until… • The Chinese government decided that they did not want any exploration happening
Europeans in China • Jesuit Missionaries – before missionaries, there was little contact between China and Europe. The Jesuit order used Confucianist ideas to convert the chinese people to Catholicism.
Chinese Rites Controversy • The Catholic Pope did not like what the Jesuits were doing, so he used a Papal Bull to demand the jesuits use more traditional methods of conversion.
Chinese Rites Controversy • The Kangxi emperor of china responded to the papal bull by demanding that ALL Christian missionaries leave china.
Japanese Shogunates • Daimyo, heads of noble families, ruled Japan. • Around the end of the fifteenth century, the daimyo were warring with each other. There was chaos in japan.
Unification of Japan • Three powerful leaders struggled to unify japan: Oda Nobunaga, ToyotomiHideyoshi, and Tokugawa Ieyasu. • Oda and Toyotomi were military leaders, not daimyo
Tokugawa Japan • Tokugawa Ieyasu was the daimyo of Edo. • He took the title of Shogun in 1603 and completed the unification of japan. • The Tokugawa family held authority of Japan until 1868. • This period is know as the Great Peace
Tokugawa Japan • During this period there was a flourishing of Japanese culture. • Including Japanese Poetry • One of the Greatest Japanese poets was Fukuda Chiyo-ni.
Haikus • Airing out kimonosas well as her heartis never enough. • Again the womencome to the fieldswith unkempt hair. • Just for todayusing men for rice-planting.
Europeans in japan • The Portuguese were the first europeans to arrive in Japan. • They held up a steady trade with japan until the introduction of Jesuit missionaries • An edict in 1587 expelled all christians from japan • The only europeans allowed to trade with the japanese were the dutch until the late Nineteenth century • The dutch were allowed to trade once a year and they could only stay for 2-3 months.
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