China and Japan. Part I, Birth of China thru the Northern Wei. Gov/Hist 352 Campbell University. Japan. Land Area: 145,000 Sq. Miles/= California +/- Population: 128 Million. 99% Japanese. 1% Korean. Low Birthrate: 1.01 in Tokyo. Low Marriage rate-”Parasite Singles.” Arable Land: 11.64%
Part I, Birth of China thru the Northern Wei
Prime Minister Shinzo Abe
Population: 1.3 Billion. One Child Policy-Impact? 92% Han Chinese. Minorities occupy 60% of land.
Arable Land: 14.86%
Natural Resources: Coal, Oil, Iron, Tin, Uranium, Lead, etc.
Per Capita Income/GDP: $2,500/$2.97 Trillion with growth of 9.5%/year.
Life Expectancy: Male-69/Female-71.
Religion: Officially Atheist; but Taoism, Buddhism, Islam, Christian, Ancestor Worship.China (PRC)
President Hu Jintao
China’s newest fighter, the Jian-10
Ships will be able to sail to Chongqing
Paper thin black pottery.
Anyang was the last capital of the Shang Dynasty. The Shang had 7 capitals and 30 kings.
Tortes shell and scapula were used by shamans for divination. Thousands have been recovered.
(Above) Shang bronze chest. (Right) Figure
from Sanxindui in Southwest China.
The Zhou ruled as many as 140 petite states
Kongfuzi/Kung Fu Tzu
Confucius, Buddha & Laozi
tasting the vinegar.
Hell Bank Notes are being replaced by Hell Bank Visa Cards.
The Five Elements have been used in music, medicine, military science, acupuncture, psychology, geomancy, etc.
Xunzi was born in Zhao in 312
BCE. Lived until 220BCE.
School of Law
6.Established a central bureaucracy and divided the state into administrative districts instead of feudal domains.
7. Taxed peasants directly.
8. Conscripted all males between 15 and 56.
9. Eliminated primogeniture as a means of deconstructing the extended family clan system.
10. Implemented a Horizontal Alliance strategy of foreign relations. Befriend distant states; conquer neighboring states.
11. Considered all culture and traditional virtues a waste.
Terracotta soldiers:Qin tomb
Han Gaozu/Liu Bang (247-195 BCE)
Chinese records describe several Roman embassies that traveled to China and one in particular that met Emperor Huan in 166 BCE.
Wang Mang, the usurper
Ban Chao dominated Central Asia, 73-94 CE.
The Chinese invented the seismograph in 132 CE.
Wei was carved out by Cao Cao. He was sent to subdue the nomadic tribes of the area. He fought the Yellow Turbans and defeated the Celestial Masters.
The Romance Of Three Kingdoms, a classic of Chinese literature, celebrates the period.
Gilt Bronze Buddha, 55” hi.
Longmen Caves, Louyang
Expansion of Buddhism to the East, 1st-10th Century CE.
The Chinese invented the first wheelbarrow.