British imperialism in india
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British Imperialism in India. Terms. Sepoy - native Indian soldiers, trained and hired by the British East India Company Jewel in the Crown- the name given to India because of its importance to the British Empire

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  • Sepoy- native Indian soldiers, trained and hired by the British East India Company

  • Jewel in the Crown- the name given to India because of its importance to the British Empire

  • Sepoy Mutiny- a revolt of the sepoy troops in British India, resulting in the transfer of the administration of the colony from the British East India Company to the Crown

  • Raj- British domination over India

Colonization of india
Colonization of India

  • 1739, Mughal forces were defeated by the Iranians

  • Mughal weakness led to the increasing power of regional rulers and decentralization

  • British, French, and Dutch companies employed men who used any means necessary to persuade Indian rulers to allow them to establish trading posts

  • Companies hired Indian soldiers known as sepoys

  • After a regional ruler overran a British fortified outpost at Calcutta, the British East India Company overthrew this ruler, persuading Mughals to recognize the company’s right to rule Bengal

  • The company’s forces secured victory for their candidate for the ruler of Arcot, which gave South India to the company and prevented the French from taking land

  • The British East India Company annexed large territories on the western coast in 1818

  • British were attracted by the cotton exports from India and the huge market for British goods

  • British rule was indirect in some places and direct in others

Responses to imperialism
Responses to Imperialism

  • British reforms in India were aimed at making India more like Britain

  • They did not want to interfere too much with Indian social and religious customs

  • Many people suffered because of the cheap textiles imported from Britain, and because of new reforms

  • The people who suffered created almost constant uprisings during the first half of the 1800s

  • Sepoys were also discontent because of some of the practices of the British

  • Bengal sepoys resented the recruitment of other ethnic groups

  • Hindu sepoys rebelled in 1857

  • Muslim sepoys, peasants, and discontent elite joined the rebellion

  • British put down the rebellion in March 1858

Pros of imperialism
Pros of Imperialism

  • India gained a centralized government

  • Rapid economic growth

  • Indians developed a sense of national unity

  • British created harbors, cities, irrigation canals, and other public works in India

  • Provided Britain with a huge market for manufactured goods

  • Developed new and faster transportation, such as steam boats and railroads

  • Telegraph lines were put up, allowing messages and information to be sent faster than ever before

  • Widow burning, slavery, female infanticide, and prohibition against widow remarriage were outlawed

  • Spread of western schools

  • Indian middle class prospered from the increase in trade

Cons of imperialism
Cons of Imperialism

  • Competition from British textile mills put many Indians out of business leading to widespread poverty

  • Occupation by the British

  • Indian Civil Service program excluded Indians

  • British felt racist contempt for the Indians

  • Freer movement of people led to spread of cholera all over

  • Most people still had little access to good sanitation

Effects of imperialism
Effects of Imperialism

  • Industrialism spread to India

  • Some Hindu beliefs were changed as reforms were made to make India more like Britain

  • Feelings of nationalism and national unity led to independence movements and rebellions

  • Increasing poverty continued in India, along with malnutrition and illiteracy

History after imperialism
History after Imperialism

  • Gained independence in 1947, after many campaigns characterized by non violent civil disobedience

  • The area of Pakistan became its own country because of its high concentration of Muslims

  • India became a republic in 1950

  • In 1991, economic reforms were began that transformed India into one of the fastest growing economies in the world

Cities and religions in india
Cities and Religions in India

  • This map shows the major cities in India today and the concentration of different religions in those cities.

Railroad map of india
Railroad Map of India

  • This map shows the extensive railroad system that was put into place in India as a result of the Industrialization that came during British rule

Industrial map of india
Industrial Map of India

  • This map shows the factories and industries that are present in India today. These factories demonstrate how India was impacted by the Industrialization that was started by the British.