British Imperialism in India 11.4 part 2
British Imperialism in India • The British East India company controlled India • They got raw materials and a huge potential market for their products • They controlled India by using an army made up of sepoys. or Indian soldiers
The Sepoy Mutiny • The sepoys rebelled against the British due to religious conflicts • Rumors began to circulate that the cartridges the sepoys were using for their rifles were greased with beef and pork fat • This greatly offended many of the Indian soldiers
The Sepoy Mutiny • Most Indians were either Hindu or Muslim, each group had a problem with the cartridges • Hindus view cows as sacred animals and Muslims do not eat pork • The soldiers had to bite off the ends of the cartridges to use them
The Sepoy Mutiny • The British commanders punished the soldiers who refused to use the cartridges • The following day the soldiers rebelled • The British government eventually took control of the country to make sure it was stable
Nationalism Surfaces in India • Cruel treatment by the British and outdated traditional ways in India led to the growth of modernization and nationalism in the country • Nationalism-pride in your homeland
Nationalism Surfaces in India • Two nationalist groups began in this period • The Indian National Congress • The Muslim League • Both groups were calling for self government
Assignment • 1. What was the sepoy mutiny? • 2. What does the fact that the British greased the cartridges with pork and beef fat reveal about their attitude toward the Indian people? • 3. What is nationalism? • 4. What lead to a growth in nationalism in India? • 5. What did both the Muslim league and the Indian National Congress want for India?